How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Wolves are highly intelligent, social animals living in complex groups called packs. A wolf pack is another name for an extended family of wolves which consists of between 8 to 15 individuals.

Wolf packs usually consist of blood-related members. In general, it’s a group of an alpha male, an alpha female, and their offspring. A well-established hierarchy exists where every member has its role and rank.

A pack is not just a group of wolves who hunt together but a group of animals who live, bond, and share knowledge across many generations. Every wolf is included in raising the pups, and every wolf must obey and follow the rules.

A wolf pack is a perfect example of well organized and structured group where everyone cares for each other. They play together, they take care of each other when someone is sick or injured, and they mourn and suffer when a member of the pack dies.

Here are the most common types of members in a wolf pack.

The Alpha Male

The alpha male is the dominant wolf, the leader of the pack. He holds the highest rank in the pack. He may not be the biggest, but he is the strongest, wisest, and most experienced wolf among the males.

The alpha wolf leads the hunting, chooses the prey, and eats first. Alpha males are responsible for the safety of the pack, too. They also make sure that everything is in order and everybody obeys the rules in the pack. Each member of the pack is a family but everyone needs to respect the alpha.

If some of the wolves disobey the alpha he will not go away without consequences. In most cases, however, alpha males don’t show dominance through aggression. Instead, they show it through different types of gestures such as starring, alpha roll, and scruff shaking.

In some cases, some of the young wolves choose to challenge the alpha male. If that happens, the alpha male either concede or fight to keep its place.

The alpha male chooses a female from the pack, which becomes the alpha female. They are the only pair allowed to mate.

The Alpha Female

The alpha female holds the highest rank in the pack and it’s sitting next to the alpha male.

The alpha female controls the other females in the pack, however, both alpha male and alpha female may dominate either of the genders.

Alpha females are not always the most dominant wolves in the pack. If the most dominant female in the pack is a sibling to the alpha male, then the alpha male chooses a female from the lower ranks.

The Beta Wolf

The betta wolf is the second in command after the alpha male and the alpha female. If something happens to the current alpha male the betta takes its place.

The betta wolf is also responsible to keep order in the lower ranks when the alpha is not there. Bettas demand respect from the other members in the pack, as well.

Quite often betta wolves challenge the alpha to take its place. In the mating season, they may even try to mate with the alpha female.

The Subordinate Wolf

This rank consists of all wolves that are below the alpha and the beta, but have a higher position than the Omega.

Some of these wolves may eventually become alpha by challenging the current alpha male. They skip the betta position and usually go directly for the highest rank.

The Omega

The Omega wolf is at the bottom of the hierarchy. They have the lowest rank in the pack. They eat last, and if the alpha demands it, they will not eat at all.

The Omega wolf is usually the weakest and the least developed pup from the litter. Despite its low rank, the Omega wolf has an important role in the pack. Their role is to act as a social glue, allowing frustration to be vetted. This type of behavior prevents serious conflicts to happen among the other members of the pack.

The Lone Wolf

Some wolves can’t fit in the pack, therefore become lone wolves. In reality, wolves, like people, don’t want to live alone. They thrive in large social groups. A lone wolf is just a wolf looking for another wolf to form a new pack.

Welcome to the offical Animal Jam Warrior Cat guide!

Here you will find all of the information you will need to properly roleplay as a warrior cat. If you have any questions, please feel free to email me!

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  • Jess
  • October 24, 2014 May 19, 2017

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Ani, you seem like a really fun and great person.

For pack of allegiant souls
Description: The pack of allegiant souls are for the most finest and strongest wolves. We shall commit to our work and reach for our goal deliberately. If youre a wolf who can strive and possible take a task, this pack is for you. Come check the page out!!

For pack of allegiant souls, i am not the pack leader (abnegation) im just kodiak, erudite: some people say koi for short:
The leader is luna, leopard75131

Oh ok…
But I still need a description for your pack. Otherwise I will take it down.

I cant figure out how to comment on the clans/packs thing, so here
Clan/Pack Name: Stoneclan

Leader’s Name: Owlstar

Leader’s Username: Muckkett

Number of Members: 3

Small Description: Stoneclan at the moment is small, and with your help we can grow to be amazing! We are cunning loyal and every problem is handled correctly!

Our pack is pack of allegiant souls we have up to or more than 30 members. Contact xxorigxxsup47008xx or luna(alpha&abnegation) leopard75131, thanks we would love to be advertised!!

I advertised your pack, but I need your OC name and a small description on your pack.
Thank you!!

A wolf pack lives in a structured hierarchy with the following ranks: alpha, beta, mid-rank, and omega. Different ranks have different roles.

Wolves are extremely social animals. They live in wolf packs with a leader and different ranking “subordinates”. The leader is the alpha wolf.

All the wolves beneath the alpha answer to the wolf in charge.

Depending on their specific rank, they’ll have different tasks they’re in charge of.

In this article, we’ll discuss each wolf pack rank in detail, and explain how wolves behave depending on their role in the pack.

Ranks in a Wolf Pack

There are four main ranks in a wolf pack: alpha, beta, mid-rank, and omega. Each position has a specific role in the pack hierarchy.

A wolf pack may consist of anywhere from 2 to 20 wolves, however, the average wolf pack has 6 to 8 members. The pack consists of the following ranks:

  • Alpha
  • Beta
  • Mid-rank
  • Omega

The alpha wolf is the wolf in charge, also known as the breeding wolves. There’s typically always an alpha male and a female, which is a breeding couple of the pack.

The beta wolf is second in command to the alpha wolf; they help protect the pack and work as enforcers. When the alpha is out, the beta is in charge of keeping the pack in line.

Mid-rank wolves aren’t as strong as alphas but also not as weak as omegas. This is where the majority of wolves are found and include elders as well. These wolves will help take care of and protect, wolf pups.

The omega wolf is the lowest ranking wolf of them all, and will generally stay on the outskirts of the pack. They don’t have any authority and will be picked on by the rest of the pack.

The lower-ranked wolves will act submissively toward the higher-ranked wolves. It’s important for wolves to have a clear hierarchy, as it provides order. [1]

Alpha Wolves

A wolf pack is ruled by an alpha wolf. The alpha wolf is typically the strongest of all wolves in a wolf pack, but not always. While alpha wolves are commonly used, it’s more accurate to refer to them as breeders.

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Telling the wolf’s story is especially important as people grow more removed from nature and we strive to understand how humans fit in to the natural environment.

Wolves spark intense emotions. They are revered as symbols of wildness, worshipped as the spirits of nature, idolized as the ultimate social animals. Yet fear and hatred of wolves, or at least of the ideals they symbolize, still runs deep. The challenge is to provide a whole sense of the animal and hope that with knowledge comes acceptance.

To educate people about wolves is to reveal an animal of stark contrasts and human-like behaviors. Wolves can form tight social bonds with other pack members, but at times they brutally enforce their hierarchical social order. Wolves may at times adopt and nurture the young of another wolf, yet at other times they will hasten to kill another who dares trespass in to their territory.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Prehistoric cave painting, Font de Gaume Cavern, France

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Sometimes when talking or writing about wolves, people emphasize what is perceived in human terms as “good” or “bad” about wolf behavior. Instead of asking whether wolves are good or bad, we at the International Wolf Center teach about the complexities of the animal. How difficult is it to take down a 1,200 pound moose? How does a pack raise its pups? What impacts do humans have on wolf survival? What impacts do wolves have on humans? Indeed, there is much for us to gain from fully understanding wolves and their relationship with other wildlife and humans.

In telling the wolf’s story, the Center hopes to evoke a sense of wonderment and acceptance for nature even in full light of the sometimes brutal reality of life in the wild.

To facilitate and foster wolf-human coexistence, the International Wolf Center has produced the Wolves and Humans informational series:

Here’s a complete list of Animal Jam codes that can be redeemed.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Animal Jam Classic — which was earlier called Animal Jam — is an online virtual world that lets players discover and learn numerous facts about Zoology using game features such as mini-games, puzzles, adventures, parties, and social interactions.

Over a period of time, Animal Jam Classic has grown significantly among children aged between four to eight. There are millions of users who have been having trouble finding Animal Jam or Animal Jam Classic codes and if that’s you then look no further as we have compiled a list of all the latest, active and working Animal Jam codes.

Table of Contents

Here Are All The Latest Animal Jam Codes – May 2022

Since Animal Jam codes are time-restricted and could expire anytime soon, I highly recommend visiting this page from time to time. We will update this list whenever new Animal Jam Classic codes become available.

Here are all active, working, and latest Animal Jam Classic codes:

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All Animal Jam codes that we have mentioned above were tested and they were 100% working at the time of updating this post. However, if you find any code is expired or invalid, do let us know in the comment section below. So, we can remove that particular code from the list of active codes.


As we have mentioned above, the following Animal Jam codes have been expired. Yes, these codes are no longer active and can’t be redeemed.

  • ajplaycards
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How DO I Redeem AJ Codes?

Redeeming Animal Jam codes is straightforward. What all you need to do is navigate the ‘Redeem A Code’ button. Upon clicking on that button, a new window will appear on the screen, asking you to enter your Animal Jam code. After entering the code, you simply need to click on the Continue button to get your reward.

That’s everything you need to know about Animal Jam codes. If you come across more AJ codes then do inform us via the comment section or email address mentioned in the About Us page.

You can find all sorts of high school and college athletic programs named after wolves. And why not? In a mascot battle, North Carolina State University’s Mr. Wuf would surely vanquish Sammy the Slug of University of California-Santa Cruz.

Grey wolves (Canis lupus) tend to organize themselves into social groups known as “packs,” with individual animals both living and hunting together. This behavior gives lupine sports franchises an irresistible metaphor for teamwork.

But in nature, wolf packs operate very differently than most people think. One of the biggest misconceptions involves their power structures.

The “Alpha Wolf” Idea

“Alpha wolf” is a term that gets tossed around a lot in popular culture. The concept as we know it today can be traced back to a 1947 study written by animal behaviorist Rudolph Schenkel [source: International Wolf Center].

According to this idea, wolf packs are led by an “alpha male” and an “alpha female.” These top dogs rule the roost by fighting the other wolves for dominance until they’ve clawed their way up the pecking order.

“By continuously controlling and suppressing all types of competition within the same sex,” wrote Schenkel, “both ‘alpha animals’ defend their social position.” [sources: Kjørstad, Davis].

Alpha wolves are said to outrank “beta wolves,” who look down on submissive “omega wolves” in turn. All very hierarchical.

This belief — that every wolf pack is a dog-eat-dog environment where some members are constantly vying to climb the ranks by aggressive means — has been repeated in countless wildlife documentaries and nonfiction books over the past 70-odd years. We even repeated that idea here at HowStuffWorks when we first published this article on July 28, 2008.

Schenkel’s 1947 paper was describing two wolf packs in captivity. His study specimens were unrelated animals who’d been brought together at a Swiss zoo, where they shared an enclosure measuring 2,153 square feet (200 square meters) [sources: Mech and Boitani].

However, Schenkel didn’t look at any wild wolves at the time.

Unlike their counterparts at this particular zoo, natural wolf packs mainly consist of genetic relatives. They also take up way more space, patrolling territories of 1,000 square miles (2,590 square kilometers) or larger [source: International Wolf Center].

Because they don’t live under the artificial constraints Schenkel observed, wild wolves (usually) organize themselves in a way that’s less competitive.

Noted wolf researcher David Mech had this to say in a 2008 YouTube presentation:

Don’t get us wrong: The ‘alpha wolf’ hierarchy system isn’t a complete myth. Again, captive wolf packs (like Schenkel’s) have been known to adopt this kind of pecking order.

But outside zoos and other artificial environments, the stereotypical “alpha-beta-omega” social structure is incredibly rare — if it can be said to exist at all [source: “Alpha” Wolf?].

Instead, what we usually see is a howling nuclear family.

With the Animal Jam codes that we’ve shared in this post, you can redeem free gifts. Read on for Animal Jam Codes May 2022: New Redeem Codes.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Animal Jam Codes May 2022⇓

(We provide regular and full coverage on Animal Jam Codes May 2022). With most of these new and active Animal Jam Codes May 2022, you will get free gems; only some rare codes give sapphires – if there is a code that gives sapphire, we’ll share it here as well. Now, let’s not waste any time and check out the wiki codes list for the Animal Jam game: –

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Animal Jam codes are time-limited; these gift codes expire after a few days, so you should redeem them as soon as possible and claim the rewards to progress further the game. We keep an eye on the new valid codes for this game title, so we recommend you to visit this page regularly.

To avoid any gift code error, please make sure that you enter the redemption code in the game as we have displayed in the list we have listed above, including the special characters and letter case (capital & small letters).

Expired Codes⇓

As we have mentioned above, the redeem codes will work for only a specific time period. Below, we have shared all the expired codes, you can try redeeming these expired codes and see if they work for you: –

Animal Jam Codes FAQ⇓

How To Redeem Animal Jam Codes 2022?

To redeem the Animal Jam codes, navigate to the game’s settings, then “redemption code” or “promo gift code” -> enter the redemption code -> continue; get your rewards.

How To Get More Codes?

More new Animal Jam Codes are published on the game’s official social media handles like Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, Reddit, and the game’s official Discord. Usually, the developers of the game publish the gift codes on special events like the game’s milestones, popular occassions, collaborations, and special events. We will update this gift code list with all the new redemption codes once available. You can bookmark this page and keep regularly checking for new codes.

So this would be all in this post on Animal Jam Codes 2022: Play Wild. Got new codes? Comment below.

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Leaping onto the scene are 7 different games like Wolfquest for nature lovers who simply adore the great outdoors. Wolfquest is a 3D wildlife simulation game that allows players to gain a better insight into wolves and wolf ecology. Now for those looking out for games that boast of a similar approach, we can definitely help you in your dilemma. Besides wolves, some of our picks even focus on other animals like horses, lions, birds and more. So get ready to dive into a wild safari without having to leave the comfort of your home.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

What did you love about The Lion King movie? Was it the majestic beasts, the great landscapes like the Savannah and the elephant graveyard or a little of everything? Well, the free-roaming 3D RPG game dubbed FeralHeart allows you to take on the role of beautiful lions and experience all this and more. And besides just playing a feline figure, you can also roam across the vast expanses dressed in the fur of a wolf.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

You can customize your character in a number of ways. You’ll be able to alter its whole body and even change the eye-color and pelt-color, and even opt for different distinctive markings. So set off on an exciting adventure and discover the dangerous lives of lions and wolves.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

This entrant in our games similar to Wolfquest roster is another great treat christened The Endless Forest. As the name quite aptly suggests, you’ll be pulled into an endless forest that’s blessed with a peaceful and serene atmosphere. But instead of prancing around as a wolf or lion, you get to step into the hooves of a deer and gracefully sprint your way through this tranquil treat. You can further communicate with your kin by using sound and body language.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

The various beautiful areas strewn across the lush land include a mysterious ruin, a forest, and a lovely pond. While trotting around the place, beware of sudden showers and falling rocks. Furthermore, the maker of this multiplayer online game urges you to, ‘run through the forest and see what happens.’

3 – Fly Like A Bird:

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

The MMOG, Fly Like A Bird indeed lets you soar the virtual skies disguised as different types of avian. In this game, you must fly across the wide city and perch on rooftops of the various buildings scattered across town. Fill your poo-o-meter, fly around and bombard the wandering traffic wardens and unsuspecting people with your poo. Swoop through the streets foraging for food and even build nests to lay eggs in and raise your young ones. You can also meet and chat with other high fliers in multiplayer mode. And apart from enjoying this delight via your browser, you can also download the Android version of the same from Google Play.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Wondering what this next inclusion in our Wolfquest alternatives list is all about? Well, Wolf-Haven is described by its developer as a unique wolf role-playing game that enables nature lovers to enter in and create their very own sort of wild canine. Once they’ve zeroed in on a particular appearance, they can explore a vast map and roam around the plain gathering equipment and joining packs. What’s more, players can even strive to become a powerful beast by facing off against formidable enemies and rivals.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

No, Animal Jam isn’t a new exotic flavor you might want to try with your bread. It’s an online virtual playground fashioned especially for kids who love the outdoors. Looked upon as an initiative between National Geographic Global Media and Smart Bomb Interactive, the game lets little ones create and customize their very own animal characters and dens.

They’ll also be treated to real-world plant and animal facts as well as loads of fun educational content that roll out in the form of games and activities. Tiny tots will even be encouraged to protect these wonderful creatures, some of which are on the brink of extinction.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

MyStable is a little different from the other games similar to Wolfquest. Here, instead of actually trotting around as the animal figure, you get to remain a human and dabble in horse breeding and training. You’ll be able to acquire fantastic virtual horses, each with its own unique abilities. Place them in individual stable blocks and clean, groom and feed them at regular intervals. Aim to be the best there is in the horse training and breeding business. You can even catch wild mares and stallions which run freely across the in-game mountains, forests, and meadows. Once you’ve managed to capture a few horses, you can train them to be champions.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

When the full moon is spotted overhead, you can be sure to hear the eerie howls of the wolf. Experience what it’s like to be one among the wolf pack in the 2D graphical avatar chat game called Wolfhome. As the developer suggests, ‘get out of your weak human skin and borrow a wolf’s pelt and claws.’ Besides being able to communicate with other players through text-only chats, you can also control your very own unique avatar and stride across the meadow, forest or castle room. There’s even a dedicated area allotted especially for those who like to indulge in some role-playing.


The aforementioned games like Wolfquest cater to all animal enthusiasts who simply love to roam the wide-open acres and discover new experiences outside of their natural habitat. So after scanning through the 7 choices, which ones did you appreciate the most? Do let us know by commenting on your favorites and even leaving a suggestion or two in the box below.

If a wild animal—or even a pack of wild animals—attacks you, a knife might be your only defense. Here’s how to fight back

By T. Edward Nickens | Published Apr 6, 2018 5:30 PM

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Let’s be real: Your chances of beating back a seriously pissed-off bear, mountain lion, or pack of coyotes aren’t much better than those of finding a unicorn in an elk herd. But with a knife in hand, you’ve at least got a fighting chance (although a sprinkling of fairy dust wouldn’t hurt). Robert Young Pelton has thought about this more than most . The war-zone journalist and bestselling author of The World’s Most Dangerous Places owns DPx Gear and designs hard-use knives—one of which is a favorite of hog hunters, who know a bloody thing about getting to the heart of the matter. “A quick kill requires a deep, open stabbing wound—ideally straight into the heart,” Pelton says, “to drop systolic blood pressure and starve the beast’s brain of oxygen.” But that’s not the only way to make a four-legged opponent think twice about taking a bite out of your hide.

Mountain Lion

“A mountain lion will grab prey with jaws and front paws to crush the neck,” says Pelton, who has been stalked by big cats in East Africa and British Columbia. “Meanwhile, they’re attempting to disembowel you with the rear paws.” Forget killing such a kitty. Instead, Pelton says, “break up the attack and make the cat run off.” Bear-hug the animal tightly to protect your head and organs, and stab at the eyes, shove the blade in the mouth and throat, and jab as quickly and as often as you can.

Two strategies are common in the accounts of people successfully fighting off a bear attack with a knife. First, the hand not holding the knife is used, often sacrificially, to stiff-arm the bear’s head or jam a fist into its mouth. And second, the knife is used to stab the bear repeatedly—”savagely, desperately,” Pelton suggests—around the neck and head.

Coyote or Wolf

Canids will parry in groups and go for the rump or legs, so face the animal head-on. Keep the snarling jaws away from you, and stab through the side where you’d place a bullet, into the hard, knotlike heart. “And don’t poke,” Pelton says. “Imagine a spot 6 inches through the chest and strike hard.” Lever the knife back and forth to create maximum tissue trauma, then remove it quickly for rapid blood loss.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

T. Edward Nickens has covered sporting, conservation, and outdoors culture topics for more than 35 years. His work has appeared in Field & Stream for more than two decades, and includes features, his regular column, “The Total Outdoorsman,” five Field & Stream books, and the anthology The Last Wild Road.


  • How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Belize Spearfisherman Survives Brutal Crocodile Attack

Joshua Young, a recreational spearfisherman, was ambushed by a 10-foot Morelet’s crocodile during a recent spearfishing session

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

What Is the Deadliest Snake in the World?

Even top herpetologists can’t name the deadliest snake, because it depends on how you define the terms. But here are the six serpents you least want to tangle with

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

The Difference Between a Bushcraft Knife and a Survival Knife

One is designed for specific tasks, the other is made to do whatever you need it to. Either can save your life

Similarly, you may ask, what are gammas in a wolf pack?

Gammas (sometimes called Elders) are held high in respect due to the fact most all of them were alphas at one point or another. Deltas are considered the messengers of the pack. They run messages between allies and even enemies. Zetas are the highest ranking warriors in the pack, often called the “Generals”.

Secondly, what are all the ranks in a wolf pack? Pack Ranks

  • Alphas: The Alphas are the Wisest, Strongest, Highest ranking members of the wolf pack as they hold absolute control over their pack members.
  • Betas: The Beta rank is the highest ranking wolf in the pack just below the Alpha couple.
  • Delta:
  • Lead Warrior:
  • Warriors:
  • Hunters:
  • Healers:

Thereof, what is a Zeta in a wolf pack?

Zeta (1-3) – The war general of the pack. They take direct orders from the Alpha in case of a war. The Alpha may be the one to declare war, but the Zeta leads the army and plan the plans for war. They also train new recruits for position as a Eta and Eta or more to take his or her place in future.

How is a wolf pack structure?

A wolf pack has a definite social structure and rules of conduct. The pack leaders are the alpha male and female. These two animals are dominant over all the other wolves in the pack. A female can have anywhere between one and nine pups, but the average litter size is four pups.

What are gray wolves?

Wolves are legendary because of their spine-tingling howl, which they use to communicate. A lone wolf howls to attract the attention of his pack, while communal howls may send territorial messages from one pack to another. Some howls are confrontational. Much like barking domestic dogs, wolves may simply begin howling because a nearby wolf has already begun.

Population and conservation

Wolves are the largest members of the dog family. Adaptable gray wolves are by far the most common and were once found all over the Northern Hemisphere. But wolves and humans have a long adversarial history. Though they almost never attack humans, wolves are considered one of the animal world’s most fearsome natural villains. They do attack domestic animals, and countless wolves have been shot, trapped, and poisoned because of this tendency.

In the lower 48 states, gray wolves were hunted to near extinction, though some populations survived and others have since been reintroduced. Few gray wolves survive in Europe, though many live in Alaska, Canada, and Asia.

Wolf pack behavior

Wolves live and hunt in packs of around six to ten animals. They are known to roam large distances, perhaps 12 miles in a single day. These social animals cooperate on their preferred prey—large animals such as deer, elk, and moose. When they are successful, wolves do not eat in moderation. A single animal can consume 20 pounds of meat at a sitting. Wolves also eat smaller mammals, birds, fish, lizards, snakes, and fruit.

Wolfpacks are established according to a strict hierarchy, with a dominant male at the top and his mate not far behind. Usually this male and female are the only animals of the pack to breed. All of a pack’s adults help to care for young pups by bringing them food and watching them while others hunt.

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Developer’s Blog

Catch up on all the news and follow the game’s development at where we post updates.

Dev blog videos and more are also posted on WolfQuest social media.

WolfQuest 3: Anniversary Edition

As of December 2021, we have released the two episodes/maps: Amethyst Mountain and Slough Creek, as well as the Lost River Classic map, singleplayer and multiplayer for PC/Mac on Steam and, as Early Access.

While in Early Access, we are updating the game frequently with more features.

We are currently focusing on PC/Mac development but will turn our attention to other platforms once WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition is out of Early Access.

What is WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition?

WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition is a complete remake of the current game. The basic mission arc is the same. However, WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition has a new codebase and much of the core gameplay has been reimagined. We’ve rethought and redesigned each system of the game, from the wolf-controller to stranger wolves (both hostile and potentially friendly) to hunting mechanics to elk herding behaviors. We’ve made vastly larger and more realistic maps. There is new and improved 3D animal models and animations living in a world of more realistic terrain and flora. In every way, WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition is a bigger and better version of the original game.

The WolfQuest Saga

The story of your pack will continue in the Saga — an upcoming expansion (free to anyone who owns the game) where you can live the entire life of your wolf. The seasons roll by as you raise a new litter of pups every year: feeding them, defending them from competitors, and helping them learn how to hunt big prey. Yearlings help with the new pups until they too may decide to disperse and join or form another pack. With tenacity and skill (and some luck), build your legacy of skilled hunters and pack leaders! Can you survive long enough to become a legendary wolf of Yellowstone?

Follow the game’s development at where we post updates!

Tower Fall Map

A new map set around Tower Fall, west of Amethyst Mountain and Slough Creek, will be released in 2022 as an in-game purchase (DLC).

New Lost River Map

We will be making a bigger, expanded, improved Lost River map — one that’s equal to the scope and quality of Amethyst Mountain and Slough Creek. This new map will be an in-game purchase (DLC) and released after WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition.

Note: Lost River Classic, the original Lost River map with just a few upgrades, but wrapped in all the new game systems of WQ:AE, is included in WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition at no extra cost.

Will WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition be available on mobile?

We are currently focusing on PC/Mac development but will turn our attention to other platforms once WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition is out of Early Access.

1. Governor Tom Wolf

Tom Wolf is the 47th Governor of Pennsylvania. Governor Wolf has been focused on three simple goals: jobs that pay, schools that teach, and government that works. Over the past two years Governor Wolf has fought to increase funding for Pennsylvania schools by nearly $840 million while implementing a fair funding formula, in order to begin reversing the devastating $1 billion in cuts made to schools five years ago. He has expanded health care access to 715,000 Pennsylvanians, including increasing the number of insured children by 20%. Wolf is “for the children” like The Wu Tang Clan. Working diligently to fight the disastrous opioid epidemic, he is still chill a chill dude, so he legalized marijuana.

2. The Hungry Wolf (from the popular Duran Duran Song, “Hungry Like The Wolf”)

This hit jam was released in 1982 and has been turning people on ever since (according to the redundant YouTube commentary). It won’t get the party started, but it sure will keep it going. It addresses the honest animalistic nature of dating and sexuality. I’m sure this song also reminds you of your mom. Plus, it has been featured in popular movies, such as “Big Fat Liar” starring Paul Giamatti and who can argue with that.

3. A Lone Wolf

According to the widely trusted source, Wikipedia, “A lone wolf is a person that generally lives or spends time alone instead of with a group.” This term originates from observing real wolf behaviors, thus creating the euphemistic metaphor that wolf behavior and human behavior are synonymous to one another (despite zero biological evidence for this [I am not a licensed scientist.]). “Normally a pack animal, wolves that have left or been excluded from their pack are described as lone wolves.” Lone wolves (the people, not the actual wolves) hold their niche is society, as people are often exclusive. People who can be independent and kick ass despite being beaten down or left out are kickass people. However, everyone loves being accepted, and where there are lone wolves, there are other lone wolves, and hopefully they can collaborate into a cohesive wolf pack, like in the movie “The Hangover”.

4. Endangered Wolves

These guys are obviously overlooked. Being endangered isn’t chill, but I’m sure these sad, dying, little wolves are. I guess I don’t know how chill wolves are firsthand, and due to the headlines about them attacking children, we can assume that seems pretty chill to some people. #SaveTheWolves

5. Wolf of Wall Street

Although the man who inspired this nickname (Jordan Belfort) is a criminal, it was a pretty phenomenal feature length film directed by Martin Scorcese and starring Leonardo DiCaprio. Leo was accompanied by a stacked cast in the undertaking of pretending to do hard drugs and insider trading for the entire 3 hours of the movie. Fun fact: The word “fuck” and its numerous conjugations are said between 506 and 569 times, making this the film with the most uses of the word in a mainstream, non-documentary film. Plus, I wrote a paper about this movie without even seeing it and got an A+. The only teacher commentary was, “Have you finished the movie?” (Because I hadn’t, and didn’t talk about the consequences he incurred. Oh well.) While maintaining a 77% approval rating, it’s apparent that this should clearly be ranked.

Werewolves are like the Transformers of mythical creatures. This is a public service announcement on all of the ways you can become a werewolf, according to the world’s most trusted source, Wikipedia:

  • The removal of clothing and putting on a belt made of wolfskin.
  • The body is rubbed with a magic salve.
  • Drinking rainwater out of the footprint of the animal in question or from certain enchanted streams.
  • By draining a cup of specially prepared beer and repeating a set formula.
  • On a certain Wednesday or Friday, slept outside on a summer night with the full moon shining directly on his or her face.

Here’s ways I think you can transform into a werewolf:

  • Applying Rogaine frequently and excessively, covering one’s entire body while also ingesting a lot of various amphetamines.
  • Having a boner lasting longer than 4 hours, with no access to a doctor.
  • Having hairy and angry Eastern Eurourpean ancestors accompanied by a drinking problem that causes you to wear clothes that are too tight.
  • Dress up for Halloween.
  • Witches and curses and stuff, duh.

6. Wolf Blitzer

Reportedly one of the least buzzworthy news anchors on air today, Wolf Blitzer is just trying to do his best. I really appreciate whomever cuts his hair, and I appreciated his befuddlement when Trump “won” the election, despite the backlash he received on Twitter. Also rumor has it that he’s a Ween fan, so points to him for listening to that. But milk toast can no longer be praised in our country, we deserve better than boring. Sorry Mr. Blitzer, I still like your haircut.

8. Teen Wolf

All teenagers are nightmares. That’s a fact. And I don’t know much about this popular Teen Wolf, except that instead of puberty hitting him, he is faced with folkloric nonsense and excessive chest hair growth. I’m not sure if he’s violent, or good at sports. But he is a teenager, and that is bad enough.

9. Big Bad Wolf

His name defines his character, which is cool because it is kind of like a heads up for his unpredictable shitty behavior. First of all, these three pig brothers (we can assume this because they are doing serious construction work, a stereotypically male profession) built these houses on their own, with their bare hoofs. I can’t imagine building anything without thumbs could be very successful, and I’m now revealing a plot hole that I think has gone unnoticed. Maybe the fact that they were pigs negatively impacted the structural stability of these homes, leaving them more vulnerable to strong wolf winds. Regardless, it was not the pigs’ fault. He huffed, and puffed, and blew those homes over, without any appreciation for the diversity of architecture or material. Also, what is the point of that fable? If I remember it correctly, which I probably am not, the moral is just that you should build your home with brick and not hire pigs as your architects or carpenters.

10. Wolf from Little Red Riding Hood

Although great at deception, and having the ability to talk to humans, we cannot forget that he swallowed an entire grandma. He also followed a little girl through the woods and stole her baked goods. The most probable wolf to encounter, and thus the worst.

Spread awareness about the wolves. Tell your friends. Tell your coworkers you don’t like. I know you’ll tell your mom. #wolves

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Wolves often travel in packs.

What Is A Pack Animal?

A pack animal is a type of animal used by humans to carry heavy loads. These animals carry goods and supplies upon their backs across long distances or difficult terrain. They are not to be confused with draft animals, which pull weight on a cart or sled. The use of animals to carry cargo dates as far back as 3500 BC. Historical evidence suggests that donkeys have served as pack animals for longer than any other species. Other types of common pack animals include camels, yaks, horses, llamas, oxen, and water buffalos. This article takes a closer look at which pack animals are most common throughout Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and the Americas.

Pack Animals Of Asia

Asia includes the following regions: central, east, southeast, west, and south. In this area of the world, the most common pack animals are yak, mule, donkey, Bactrian camel, water buffalo, and horse. Many of these animals are native to this continent and each serves a distinct purpose.

Several of these pack animals can be found working around the world. Relatively unique to Asia, however, are the water buffalo and yak. The water buffalo, for example, is the best animal for carrying materials across marshes and other wetlands as this is their native habitat. Yaks are an excellent pack animal for traveling through mountains because their bodies are adapted to high altitudes. They are commonly used in the Himalayan region of Asia. Both are also used as draft animals due to their high endurance.

Pack Animals Of Africa And The Middle East

Common pack animals used throughout Africa and the Middle East include donkeys, mules, oxen, and dromedary camels.

Camels are particularly suited to the climate found in much of these regions, deserts. The dromedary camel, also known as the Arabian camel, has 1 hump on its back that distinguishes it from the bactrian camel. This species has evolved to survive drought and arid conditions, able to lose up to 30% of the water in its body with no negative consequences. It was first domesticated approximately 4,000 years ago and can carry up to 661 pounds on its back.

Pack Animals Of The Americas

The Americas include North, Central, and South America as well as the Caribbean region. Pack animals typically utilized in this large area of the world include the: mule, donkey, horse, and llama.

The llama is a species native to South America. It has been used as a pack animal since by indigenous peoples of the area since prior to the arrival of Spanish colonists and even before the Inca Empire. During the period of Inca rule, llamas were the exclusive pack animal used throughout the Andes mountains. They helped transport goods for trade between the mountainous regions and coastal areas. During the Spanish colonial period, llamas were used to carry minerals out of the mines located in the mountains. They continue to be an important pack animal (as well as the source of wool and meat) in South America.

Pack animals play an important role in all areas of the world. A more detailed look at which animals are the most common in other regions can be seen in the chart published below.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jamDogs are pack animals by nature. A pack is a group of animals that live together for survival. Because dogs were domesticated from wolves, the twentieth-century dog still exhibits many pack behaviors similar to the wolf. In both the wolf and dog packs, there is always a number one or alpha dog, that is considered the top of the pack. The pack looks to that individual for leadership, structure, and protection. If those functions of the pack do not occur, a lesser alpha dog will challenge for that position.

When we bring a dog into our home, whether there are other animals in the home or not, the entire human family becomes part of the pack. When you bring a dog into the family, how well the early training phases go will determine how well your dog and family get along. Whether it is a little or large dog, it is usually a good idea to go through some type of training classes or bring in a personal trainer to help do things right.

It is essential that you and the entire family understand what leadership consists of in your canine’s eyes. The pup needs to know his place, his limits, and the rules of the household. How you interact with your dog will give it a sense of order. Patience and consistency are a must. When a pup or dog gives a low growl, a gentle nip, or marks in the house, it is trying to determine what is allowed or acceptable. Firm guidance, redirecting and learning basic training will allow you to teach your dog what is okay or not. If you ignore this behavior, it is quite likely you will have training and later control problems. Dogs, if they do not learn what is expected, will do whatever they want and likely not respond to commands; they rush through doors, ahead of their people on walks, growl over their food or toys, won’t allow being brushed, may interfere with the owner’s interactions with other people, etc.

Teaching manners and rules helps to insure your role as someone your dog should respond to and will help your dog behave properly. There is no need to be heavy-handed. Using positive reinforcement training will make your dog want to do what is asked and to behave properly in all situations. He needs to listen to your words, focus his attention on you, and you need to earn his respect. When this is accomplished, there will be a mutual trust and bond that will last a lifetime.

A dog’s needs are very simple. Canines need rules, exercise, education, a balanced diet, shelter, and companionship to make him feel happy and secure. Remember, no other creature will admire you the way he will, so be fair, be firm, correct him when necessary, forgive him rapidly, and love him well.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jamAnimal Spirit Guides

In many spiritual and cultural traditions, animals play an integral part in our lives. In Shamanistic cultures around the world, humans often walk with a spiritual animal that guides their steps forward through the celebrations and trials of life.

Each animal provides its own set of characteristics and gifts to the individual as a guide. They often enhance or promote our strengths, or act as a support for our weaknesses. They are there for us to listen to, learn from and lean on when needed, if only we’d take time to hear them.

Some spiritual beliefs carry this idea one step farther and define the purpose or meaning of the animal based on its specific breed and/or color as well. For instance, not all birds are the same. A Hawk will bring different strengths to your path than that of a Hummingbird as an example.

These animal spirit guides help to show us the way along our own path by teaching us a little about ourselves and who we are. For instance the wolf is primarily a pack animal and the sense of family is very important to its nature. They’re also great communicators, howling to ensure they’re still within distance of their pack, or to find members who are not in view, as an alert for danger or even just to sing for enjoyment of it.

In many native American traditions, the wolf is considered to be the highest spiritual teacher in the kingdom, even above the hawk and eagle. Keep in mind that not all Native Nations are the same. There are different views and perspectives. Tribes in the northern plains highlight the importance of the Buffalo for instance, where as those of the north east see the Eagles as holding the greater importance. Additionally each color of the wolf brings a different lesson or knowledge. You can read about these meanings in the Spiritual Classifications of the wolf.

A female wolf is a creature of community. She’s rarely alone. She shares responsibilities of family with her pack. She is loyal to a fault, some she-wolves have died trying to save one of their own pack members from danger when she could have run away and saved herself. So being loyal to a fault isn’t necessarily good, but it ain’t that bad either.

Male wolves are more likely to be loners. They’re often run off from the pack when the Alpha-Male sees the younger male as a threat to his leadership of the pack. The lone wolves will travel on their own until they can find a pack where they can challenge the resident Alpha and take over the pack. Often times, a lone wolf will find a large pack and with little effort attract one or more females who simply run away with him before her own pack takes notice.

A wolf is a very territorial creature and not afraid of fighting for their home or pack. It’s not a matter of ego, but rather survival. The pack stakes out enough territory to provide for all members. The larger the pack, the more territory is needed to feed their members. Like many dogs they are wary of those they doesn’t know or trust. They will join forces with their Alphas and present a united front in defending their territory It’s an act of protection, not possession. And in typical wolf fashion, each member is on guard to sense the slightest changes in energy for good or bad.

When not threatened and when treated with respect, a wolf will allow others to get close to their pack. But when approached with deceit, or hidden agendas, they will often pick up on that scent and be wary of the contact. It’s moments like this that make wolves unpredictable and often dangerous. Often this “feeling” will appear much earlier than a wolf might hear or see the danger. Their instincts are highly acute. They have good ears for listening to the most intricate sounds, up close and far off. Their sense of smell is often even more acute and they may smell danger long before it’s heard. Those who have a wolf as their guide, will often know you’ve been coming to cross their path long before you arrived.

So how does this “nature” of the wolf help you when a wolf is your spiritual guide? Well, it tells you a lot about yourself and how you deal with issues in your daily life.

Those of us with a Wolf guide are often around others who are like-minded. That doesn’t mean we only associate with others who believe in magik or practice yoga, or see the world the way we do. Rather we’re drawn to others who look at the world similar to the way we do. Who are equally loyal, protective of family and have a sense communication and adventure.

In the work place and relationships our territorial nature comes out. We work on a project and after a significant amount of effort, we can get upset when someone crosses a line and tries to take it from us or infringes on our part of the pond. Others don’t often understand our passion and loyalty to something we’ve put a lot of work and effort into.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

When this trait comes out in a relationship, it’s often mis-interpreted as obsessiveness. When actuality it’s more often a sense of danger or foreboding. If you have issues with separation anxiety because of a childhood event, it can translate as an adult into abandonment issues. We want to protect our mate and family, but we also want to be part of the pack. It’s scary when we face the prospect of being a lone wolf.

If you keep aware of these potential issues, you can prepare yourself with supports to combat the negative consequences. Find supports that help you through the challenges of those times/events and you can lessen the impact on those around you who might feel offended or worried about your reactions.

Now take these same conceptual examples and apply it to your spiritual pursuit and the events on your daily path. How often do these traits expose themselves, through good or bad results?

The wolf walks beside us to help us remember the lessons we’re here to learn. Over protection can mean one needs to learn how to trust others. Territorial issues are lessons of letting go. But the positives are there too. The wolf tries to show us our innate ability to “sense” and to “hear” spiritual undercurrents surrounding events and see the present lessons. To understand that we’re not all alone and we have many “family” members to rely on.

So when you’re in a state of distress, call upon your animal guide for assistance. Ask the Wolf for strength and courage. They can help you to see the nature of an issue from spirit so that you can learn why it’s occurring and how to proceed.

If you don’t know what your animal guide is, you can find out. The best way is through meditation. Don’t expect to sit down if you’ve never meditated before and suddenly meet your animal guide. As with anything worth knowing, it’s worth doing. It takes a little time and practice to be able to go within and learn about yourself.

If you want to read more about the Wolf and it’s nature as a Spiritual Guide, I recommend the books Animal Speak and Animal Wise by Ted Andrews.

© 1997-2014 Springwolf, D.D., Ph.D., Springwolf’s Kosmos. All Rights Reserved.

A downloadable game for Windows and macOS

We’re remaking the game from the ground up! Bigger and better gameplay, huge new maps, more animals!

Currently the Early Access game features:

  • Episode 1: Amethyst Mountain: Learn to hunt and find a mate!
  • Episode 2: Slough Creek: Establish a territory and raise wolf pups!
  • Multiplayer: Form a pack with friends and raise pups, hunt, fight, and claim territory!
  • Lost River (Classic): Explore the mysterious map from WolfQuest 2.7!

With your purchase of WolfQuest, you get both WolfQuest 2.7 Classic and WolfQuest: Anniversary Edition (early access)!


  • The Free Trial is for WQ 2.7, not for the new Anniversary Edition — which has higher hardware requirements than WQ 2.7 had, so please check those specs before purchasing. (We do not currently have a free trial for WQ: Anniversary Edition.)
  • WQ: Anniversary Edition has significantly higher hardware requirements than the old game. Be sure to check them below before purchasing!

You are a two-year old gray wolf born in the Northern Range of Yellowstone National Park. You learned the ways of the wolf in your birth pack. Now it’s time for you to learn how to live on your own, finding food, meeting other wolves, and searching for a mate. Ultimately, your goal is to find a home and build your own family.

Embark on a quest for survival

Your quest begins on the slopes of Amethyst Mountain and eventually takes you across the Lamar Valley to Slough Creek. There, you and your mate must establish a territory and raise a litter of pups: training them, feeding them, defending them against predators, and finally taking them on a cross-country journey to a summer home. Ultimately, your success will depend on your ability to ensure the survival of your pack.

Experience Yellowstone National Park

Explore WolfQuest’s realistic recreation of the Northern Range of Yellowstone National Park — “the Serengeti of North America” — where herds of elk and other ungulates roam the sagebrush steppe grasslands, alpine forests, and magnificent high ridges.

But watch out for packs of stranger wolves, who patrol their territories and don’t look kindly on intruders. The wilderness brims with other dangers as well — grizzly bears, cougars, and coyotes — who all vie with you for territory and food.

Realistic Ecology and Gameplay (Anniversary Edition)

  • Herds of elk roam the land in realistic herds, along with moose, mule deer, beavers, and other prey.
  • Other wolf packs maintain and defend their territory against intruders — like you.
  • Grizzlies, cougars, coyotes, and other predators challenge you over your kills — and protect theirs.
  • Wolves communicate with each other using natural actions and vocalizations.
  • Dynamic (family-friendly) courtship interactions allow you to choose a suitable mate.
  • Adorable wolf pups who play with each other and with your wolf and mate.
  • Vast wilderness maps (nearly 50 square kilometers) depict Yellowstone’s Northern Range.
  • Innovative Age Perks system models the arc of life (and death) of a wild wolf.
  • In Ironwolf mode (optional), live life on the edge: your first death is your last.
  • Dynamic day/night, weather, and seasons immerse you in the wilderness.
  • Nearly fifty achievements, plus collectible objects.

Our science advisors include some of the top wolf biologists in the world today, who help us keep WolfQuest accurate to real wolf biology and behavior.

More Features Coming During Early Access!

  • The WolfQuest Saga will continue the story of the pack! Leave your summering spot and follow the elk herds through the seasons, helping your pups learn how to hunt as they grow to adulthood. Then as the years roll by, raise a new litter of pups, with your yearlings helping before they disperse. (Learn more in this devblog, Where No WolfQuest Has Gone Before)
  • Start a new game on any map, and as the years go by, move your pack to other Yellowstone maps anytime during fall or winter.
  • Bighorn sheep!

Play the game alone or with friends

  • Create a public game open to everyone or a private game for friends only.
  • Co-op multiplayer in Slough Creek. Raise your pups together!
  • Co-op mission: Claim and maintain territory against rival wolf packs.

For $7 more, get the WolfQuest Soundtrack and Music Extras, which include the complete game soundtrack, including 39 new tracks from Anniversary Edition, and a 25-minute video featuring game composer Tim Buzza talking about how he created the signature sound of WolfQuest and many memorable tracks in the game. Or buy it separately for $10.

Yellowstone Wolf Coat DLC

Purchase this DLC pack for $6 to add 15 more coats based on actual Yellowstone wolves –important, famous, or just cool. You can the choose any of these coats for your own wolf. They will also be eligible to appear on dispersal wolves and grown pups in any new game that you start after you make the purchase. Purchase this DLC pack from the game: go to Wolf Customization > Coats and scroll down to preview and purchase the coats.


  • Bronze MUSE Award, American Association of Museums
  • Education Award, Association of Zoos and Aquariums,
  • Editor’s Choice Award, Children’s Technology Review

Check the Knowledge Base for full specs and gameplay descriptions.

Do wolves howl at the moon?

animal having the highest rank in a group.

organism from whom one is descended.

anything an organism does involving action or response to stimulation.

group of animals within a species, usually specifically bred and maintained for certain characteristics by humans.

particular feature of an organism.

to exchange knowledge, thoughts, or feelings.

unique or identifiable.

main or most important.

person who studies the origin and adaptations of species.

group of organisms that come from the same ancestors and share similar characteristics. Family is also a classification in chemistry and math.

able to change and adapt.

phase of the Moon when its entire disc is visible.

identification of certain actions or items as having greater or lesser relative impacts.

long, loud, mournful cry.

having to do with straight lines.

position of a particular point on the surface of the Earth.

standard definition of an object, organism, or process.

legend or traditional story.

to coordinate and give structure to.

no longer useful.

group of animals, usually arranged in a family-like structure.

physical feature of an organism or object.

animal that hunts other animals for food.

animal that is hunted and eaten by other animals.

percussion instrument with snares that create a rattling sound.

to make an animal familiar and comfortable for life with others.

(subsp.) group of organisms within a single species, often distinguished by geographic isolation.

land an animal, human, or government protects from intruders.

to give notice of danger.

person who studies animals in their native habitats.

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How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Wolves of Yellowstone

Gray wolves were reintroduced into Yellowstone National Park in 1995, resulting in a trophic cascade through the entire ecosystem. After the wolves were driven extinct in the region nearly 100 years ago, scientists began to fully understand their role in the food web as a keystone species.

How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Gray Wolf Educator Guide

Find an educator guide for exploring a keystone species with students in Grades K-12.

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In single-player games, learn how to hunt elk, communicate with other wolves, find a mate, establish a den and territory, raise pups, and embark on a perilous journey to a summering site.

In multiplayer games, explore the wilderness and hunt elk together, and now raise pups together! This new version features the entire Slough Creek mission arc, from choosing a den to raising pups and traveling to the rendezvous site. There are two types of multiplayer games:

  • Private games: Invite-only, featuring voice, text, and phrase chat.
  • Public games: Anyone can join, phrase chat or (for players age 13 and up) text chat.


This new version improves and expands upon the original game, a grant-funded project that has been downloaded by over five million players around the world since its original release in 2008. Now, for this version 2.7, we’ve refined gameplay and graphics, added a new player account system with achievements, friends lists, and more, and completely rewrote the animal AI system. We’ve also added more wolf howls, over two dozen wolf customizations, and emotes — accurate wolf behaviors to communicate with your packmates. And we created a mysterious new map to explore in single and multiplayer games. As always, there’s also an active online community where you can discuss the game with other players and share artwork and stories about wolves. Visit to join in.

MORE NEW STUFF! We’ve added cougars, moose, foxes, ravens, and a plethora of bird and insect life to the game, along with much richer and varied vegetation.

Is this new version worth buying? Find out what players say.

Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.

  • San Diego Zoo Animals and Plants – Wolf
  • Animal Corner – Wolf
  • IndiaNetzone – Wolf, Indian Wild Animal
  • wolf – Children’s Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11)
  • wolf – Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up)

In addition to the well-known gray wolf (Canis lupus), other types of wolves include the red wolf; the eastern wolf; the Ethiopian, or Abyssinian, wolf; the extinct Falkland Islands, or Antarctic, wolf; and the extinct dire wolf.

Wolves can live in packs of up to two dozen individuals, but groups numbering 6 to 10 are most common. A pack is a family group consisting of an adult breeding pair (the alpha male and alpha female) and their offspring of various ages.

A wolf pack’s territory can be 80 to 3,000 square km (31 to 1,200 square miles), depending on prey abundance. A wolf pack strongly defends its territory against neighboring packs.

Wolves can live up to 13 years in the wild, but most die long before that age. While diseases and parasites can affect wolves, in most areas of the world humans are the leading cause of death for wolves. In areas of high wolf density and declining prey populations, the major causes of death are killing by other wolves and starvation.

Wolves (Canis lupus) were first domesticated in northern Eurasia sometime between 14,000 and 29,000 years ago, and selective breeding produced dogs (Canis lupus familiaris).

wolf, any of two species of wild doglike carnivores. The gray, or timber, wolf (Canis lupus) is the better known. It is the largest nondomestic member of the dog family (Canidae) and inhabits vast areas of the Northern Hemisphere. The Ethiopian, or Abyssinian, wolf (C. simensis) inhabits the highlands of Ethiopia; until recently it was considered a jackal. Pervasive in mythology, folklore, and language, the gray wolf has had an impact on the human imagination and has been the victim of levels of misunderstanding that few animals have shared. With the exception of humans and the lion, the gray wolf . (100 of 2035 words)

If you own a dog, at some stage you may have been told the following…. That your dog is a wolf in dogs’ clothing, and that your dog is always watching you for signs of ‘weakness’ so that they can elevate themselves to the position of top dog- or alpha. Admittedly, I used to also believe this. However, now the trend is moving away from this dominance theory of dog training because of new research that all dog owners need to be aware of.

There have been two notable studies conducted that I think are worth a mention. One was on free-roaming dogs, the other has been a longitudinal study on domestic dogs in a domestic setting. Both of these studies highlight how different our dogs are from wolves, and because of this, I believe that dog training based on similarities of the two, is now outdated and we need to move on.

Daniels and Bekoff (1989) studied dogs that had been at one stage bred by humans, but had become ‘loose’. What this study found was that these dogs spent most of their time as solitary scavengers. Free-roaming dogs live off human dumps. Hundreds of years of human-influenced breeding has led dogs to lose the ability and need to hunt for their own food source. This is very different from wolf behaviour.

The study also found that free-roaming dogs often come in to contact with other dogs, but have no need to remain together. They come together fleetingly for breeding, and occasionally do spend time together, but would probably best be referred to as open groups, rather than packs. The groups are so open that individual dogs come and go as they please, and the female is able to mate with different males. Again, this is very different from the way wolves operate.

These free-ranging dog groups are usually made up of unrelated dogs and the female dog will often raise her pups by herself. There seems to be no reason for free-ranging dogs to run in packs. Food is readily available at the dump so there is no need to hunt, there is also no need for protection against other large wild animals. Further proof that dogs and wolves are very different.

This study has debunked the myth that dogs are strict pack animals and hunters. Dogs’ scavenge, we see it all the time in our own dogs, especially when they try to eat rubbish in the park. This presents a very different picture to the wolf- a pack animal, born to stalk, kill and eat, and rear it’s young within the safety of the pack. Wolves and dogs are not the same.

The second study by Semyonova (2003) is a first of it’s kind (as far as I am aware) on domestic dogs in a domestic setting. The study began in 1994 and is still continuing. It follows a group several dogs living with humans in a group of two or more dogs and has been video recorded 24/7, this ensured that no behaviour, or pre-cursor to a behaviour, was missed.

This research discovered that aggression was a sign of system disintegration, dogs prefer stability in their relationships, and would avoid confrontation. It was also found that dogs who live together do not organise themselves in a linear hierarchical structure.

If you live with more than one dog you can see evidence of this non-linear structure in your own home. Often one dog will value a resource more than the other, and thus becomes ‘dominant’ in that specific situation, but with another resource, they show indifference. For example, some dogs love their bones and will not allow the other resident dog near them while eating it. However, when it comes to toys or sleeping arrangements the other dog may become the more ‘dominant’ dog.

Dogs with behavioural problems are often labelled as ‘dominant’ dogs, and people believe they must reassert their authority as alpha or top dog. In the past, most dog trainers used the umbrella of dominance aggression and the ‘dominant’ dog to explain away problems, and that a general leadership program will make everything OK. Understandably this stuck because it made sense, and there was nothing to suggest otherwise. This is what a leadership program looks like….

Always eat before your dog, even pretend to eat from their bowl before feeding them.

Never let your dog through a door before you

Always move your dog if it is in your way, never go around them

Never have your dog on the couch or on the bed with you, the best spaces and highest spaces, are reserved for the alpha.

If your dog has their paw resting on you they are displaying dominant behaviour- don’t let this happen.

You must always win a staring contest, even if you need to growl at your dog to make them turn away.

Never lose a tug of war contest, in fact, don’t even play tug.

Your dog should always walk beside or behind you on a walk. You can let them stop twice only during the walk to smell a scent.

If your dog challenges you, roll them on the ground and hold them down until they stop resisting, otherwise known as an alpha roll.

If your dog challenges you, grab the scruff of their neck and give them a good shake, get in their face and say “NO!”. You may even like to use your hand to close their muzzle.

This kind of leadership program, in my opinion, is far too general and can be harmful to your dog. Specific problem behaviours in dogs should have specific answers, be based on canine (not wolf) behaviour, and should also have a scientific solution based on the science of learning- all of which a progressive trainer should be able to help you with.

Using dominance theory exclusively as a way to run our dogs’ lives is all about exerting control. You will often read that your (dominant) dog is ‘challenging’ you by jumping, mouthing and barking at you- now dog ownership becomes an adversary. We all know it feels good to win, but at what cost? How does dominating our dogs affect the dog-human relationship? How does it make us feel?

Wolves are one of the strongest and scary animals in the animal kingdom. Like lions, wolves also love to work in groups called packs. Packs always hunt, eat, drink, and play together. They are like family. Of course, there is an alpha wolf that leads the pack, and sometimes, there is conflict on who will be the leader.

There is one famous question people ask about wolves and their packs. The question is: do wolves get kicked out of the pack? This is actually a good question and I will answer it based on what I have researched from the internet.

Do wolves get kicked out of the pack? Yes! Wolves can get kicked out of their pack for so many reasons. One of the reasons why wolves get kicked out of the pack is because of unsuccessful hunting. This is a strategy wolves execute to cut out the member that has no use to the pack.

Today, we will talk about the different reasons why wolves get kicked out of their pack, why wolves leave their pack and many more! If you want to learn more about wolves and their packs, keep reading!

Why Do Wolves Get Kicked Out Of Their Pack?

Like I have mentioned above, the first reason why wolves get kicked out of their pack is if they are often having unsuccessful hunting. If they don’t kill their target, sometimes, the leader of the pack will decide if the failed wolf will get kicked out of the pack.

The second reason why wolves get kicked out of their pack is if the leader of the pack senses that the wolf is weak, even though the wolf does not have a record of bad hunting. Sometimes they might kill the wolf instead of kicking it out of the pack.

Yes, it happens. If the wolf has an unsuccessful hunting record, it might get killed by the leader of the pack instead of kicking it out. The reason why is because the pack leader is afraid because the wolf that should be kicked out might take revenge.

This strategy of wolves also applies in the human world. In some countries, if the worker does not do his/her job properly, the boss might fire the bad worker out of the company. This kind of act in wolves is a business relationship for survival, because of their low success as predators. That is why every wolf should be very strong if they don’t want to get kicked out of the pack.

Do Wolves Leave Their Pack?

Some wolves are not kicked out of the pack, some decide to leave the pack. So, the answer to this question is yes! Wolves can leave their pack. When wolves leave their pack, some wolves will create their pack. Sometimes, wolves that leave their pack will be adopted into another pack as a family member.

Why Do Wolves Leave Their Pack?

Like I have said above, wolves can leave their pack. When wolves leave their pack, they can create their pack and sometimes they join other packs. However, what is the reason? Why do wolves leave their pack? Here is the reason why wolves leave their pack.

Usually, once sexually mature, most wolves leave their birth pack to search for a new territory or join an existing pack. The reason why is to avoid inbreeding, as there is only one breeding pair in a wolf pack.

The other reason why wolves leave their pack is if they have been kicked out by the pack leader out of the pack. In some cases, some wolves decide to leave the pack, usually males, to start a new pack.

Do Wolves Kill Their Pack Members?

Yes! Sometimes wolves kill their pack members although this is not common since wolf packs are families of directly related individuals. However, wolves will kill some of their pack members if food is scarce or if the member is useless or dying.

This can also be seen in cats. Female cats usually kill their kittens if they think that they can’t raise their kittens. Also, it is the same with the bigger cats in the wild. Wolves killing their pack members is rare. They usually just kick out their pack member if it is useless or dying soon.

Final Verdict

To conclude this article, wolves get kicked out of the pack. The reason why wolves get kicked out of the pack is if they are useless, weak, and dying. Sometimes, wolves are the ones deciding to leave the pack. They leave the pack to find and join an existing pack or create their new pack.

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How to create a wolf pack on animal jam

Cesar’s Fifth Natural Dog Law says, “Dogs are social pack animals with a leader and followers.” They are happiest when they have this structure because the followers want to be told what to do and know what the leaders expect of them.

By the time a dog is an adult, it knows its pack position instinctively and is not going to change it. This is why you can’t turn a follower into a leader. If you put a dog like that in charge, it will become anxious or fearful because it won’t know what to do.

The Source of Dominance

This position is so instinctual because dogs begin learning it almost from birth as the new litter jockeys for position while nursing with the mother. The more dominant dogs will get more milk while the submissive dogs will learn to wait. Since this first struggle for position deals with food and the possible difference between life and death, it is very primal and makes a big impact.

There are three positions in the pack. Their traditional designations, especially when describing a wolf pack, are alpha, beta, and omega. There is usually one alpha couple, a male and a female, that lead the whole pack. They have a number of betas subservient to them, with the omegas subservient to everyone else.

Cesar describes these positions as being at the front, middle, or rear of the pack. The Pack Leaders, naturally, are in the front. Their job is to protect and direct the entire pack. The omega dogs are at the rear, and their job is to alert the pack to danger. The dogs in the middle of the pack are there to mediate between the front and rear.

Identifying the Leader of the Dog Pack

It’s easy to spot the leader and the omega, because they’ll let you know. The leader will show it in her body language and interactions with other dogs. This is the dog that other dogs approach in the park, and not the other way around. The omega dogs will also let you know, because they will show submission to every dog and every person.

The middle of the pack dogs are trickier to spot because they have their own hierarchy of dominance and submission, and that can even change among them if they’re all at about the same level. So, one day a dog in the middle that seems dominant to most of the other dogs may suddenly be submissive to some of them or to different dogs than usual.

We mentioned before that a dog’s pack position doesn’t change. This behavior isn’t a contradiction because these dogs are still betas. They just negotiate dominance amongst themselves while staying at the same rank.

Dog Pack Hierarchy in the Human Pack

When we bring dogs into our lives, we have to be aware of this pack hierarchy. With one dog, it’s simple. All the humans are Pack Leaders, and the dog is subordinate. But how does it work if you have more than one dog?

In this case, you effectively have two packs. One is the pack of humans and dogs, with all of the humans in charge and all of the dogs subordinate. The other is the pack of dogs, who will have their own hierarchy and they’re going to figure it out long before you do. You’re going to figure it out by watching the signs that the dogs give you.

The Dominant Dog May:

  • Push her way to be first in or out of doorways
  • Claim the best sleeping area or nudge other dogs out of theirs
  • Not give much attention to the other dogs
  • Appear to be jealous when you give the other dogs attention
  • Mount the other dogs

The Submissive Dogs May:

  • Tend to follow behind the other dogs
  • Give up his place or toys when the other dog claims them
  • Give a lot of attention to the other dogs
  • Not sustain eye contact with dogs or humans
  • Exhibit submissive urination when excited

The important thing to remember is that you need to honor these pack positions and never try to make the submissive dog dominant or vice versa. This means that the dominant dog always goes first — after all the humans, of course. She gets fed first, gets first choice of toys or treats, gets her leash on for the walk first, and gets attention first.

When You Have Two or More Dogs

If you have more than two dogs, then you need to do these things in pack order — alpha dog first, then the betas, and omegas last. This will reinforce the dog pack hierarchy and make all of your dogs feel confident that they are in their proper place. If the alpha dog begins to feel insecure in his position, then he may compensate for this by exaggerating his dominance, which can lead to aggression.

And remember also that this hierarchal approach does not mean that the omega dog gets less attention or fewer treats than the alpha dog — she just gets them afterwards.

You can’t change a dog’s position in the pack unless you remove all the more or less dominant dogs from that pack. But you can listen to Mother Nature — and your dogs — and use your dogs’ natural pack positions to create balance and harmony by letting them actually be a pack.

How many dogs are in your pack? Do you have any special ways of recognizing their hierarchy? Let us know in the comments!

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Wolf packs in general function similarly to The Three Musketeers’ motto of “one for all, and all for one.” The bonds within these canine groups seem as strong as glue in spite of intrapack fighting and fierce hierarchies. But individual wolves within the packs play unique and important roles that contribute to collective survival.

Alpha males and alpha females lead the pack, which usually includes their offspring and at times, a few other wolves. From there, the beta wolf is the lieutenant of the crew, assuming authority if an alpha dies. Traveling down the pecking order, we come to the omega wolf at the bottom. The omega is the runt, subordinate to all other pack members and regarded as comic relief. The dynamics of this unit are detailed more thoroughly in What is a wolf pack mentality?

This strict arrangement keeps the chain of command in place. For instance, lower-ranked wolves must display submissive body language such as crouching if a dominant wolf approaches. Except during times of prey abundance, only alpha males and females will mate. Even dinnertime involves special etiquette, with alphas getting the choice organs or meat, and the omegas waiting until the others have gotten their fill before foraging for scraps.

Speaking of food, the pack organization serves the important purpose of filling the wolves’ bellies. When tracking large prey, such as moose, strength in numbers certainly makes a difference. However, the hunting patterns of the Ethiopian wolves in Africa stray from that custom. While Ethiopian wolves, on the brink of extinction, mostly adhere to a pack formation, they actually track down smaller prey solo [source: Williams]. Likewise, research has found that wolf pack members help to preserve the food [source: Mech and Boitani]. With multiple wolves dining, little goes to waste and the group setting keeps scavengers away.

But life in the pack isn’t some idyllic wilderness summer camp. Contending with prey can inflict painful wounds, such as broken bones and fractured skulls [source: Busch]. Territorial showdowns within packs can also lead to injury and even death.

Just like the rigors of Army life may force a new recruit to quit during basic training, this regimentation of life in the pack can compel a wolf to set out on its own. But departing from the pack may be more difficult than enduring the challenges within it. Go on to the next page to find out what happens when a wolf goes it alone.

When a wolf leaves its natal pack, or the one it was born into, it becomes a lone wolf. Wolf biologists also refer to this process as dispersal. In most cases, dispersal occurs between the ages of 1 and 2 years old, coinciding with sexual maturity [source: Feldhamer et al].

One significant factor that pushes a wolf to hit the road is aggression from the pack’s dominant wolves [source: Whitt]. For instance, an omega wolf or a sickly alpha wolf that can no longer lead its pack may be picked on or physically challenged to the point of leaving the group. Especially when food is scarce, the weaker wolves may not receive adequate nutrition and leave out of necessity.

Both male and female wolves may disperse from packs, although males may do so more often in certain regions, such as south-central Alaska [source: Mech and Boitani]. Since wolves naturally coalesce into packs and enjoy social behavior, lone wolves are the exception rather than the rule. Studies have projected the number of dispersing wolves to make up less than 15 percent of the world’s wolf population [source: Busch]. Lone wolves are more predominant in Europe, however, since prey is usually smaller [source: Busch].

Abandoning the pack also means leaving behind the protection other members offer. Because of wolves’ territorial nature, loners must be cautious about trespassing into lands belonging to other packs. To safely find food, a lone wolf may need to search for hundreds of miles. Or, a wolf may float between the borders of pack territories, checking scent marks to make sure that it isn’t in danger. To further conceal its whereabouts, a lone wolf limits its howling because it could give away its location to enemies [source: Mech and Boitani]. The exception is if a wolf accidentally gets lost from the pack — it will howl to signal its location [source: Feldhamer et al].

Dispersal doesn’t always lead to a life of loneliness. A younger lone wolf may eventually cross into another pack’s area to challenge a weak alpha in order to take over. Except during times of abundant prey, the alpha male and female is the only pair allowed to breed. Consequently, hormonal influences surrounding mating season may open an exit door from the pack. A subordinate wolf may catch the scent of a wolf from another pack that’s ready to mate, and it may seek out that breeding wolf. In this way, lone wolves can help stimulate and diversify the wolf population. For example, a lone wolf from Finland actually revived the dwindling wolf population in Sweden when it crossed the border and mated. The last Swedish wolf pack had begun inbreeding, and the Finnish wolf mixed up the gene pool, which sparked a resurgence in the pack [source: Hogan].

Even if lone wolves track down mates, the odds are against them. Without the support of the pack, they’re more likely to die. But just because a wolf leaves its home doesn’t mean it’s gone forever. If a lone wolf can’t succeed on its own, it may eventually return to its natal pack.

What Animal Pack Is Your Family Most Like?

Does your blood come from a wolf pack or a dolphin pod? Which of nature’s families does yours function like?

Does their own thing

Does your family have a unit that makes all the decisions?

A couple of people, yeah

Oh yes, we have a Matriarch

How similar are you to most of your family?

We are all very different

We share some interests, but not many

Very similar, we all have a lot in common

If there is one common characteristic in your family, it is:

Does your family take vacations together?

Oh yes! As often as we can!

Not really our style

If you could choose a name for your family unit, it would be a:

How welcoming is your family to outsiders?

Somewhat, I suppose

Very welcoming to all

Not at all: a very tightly knit group

How social is your family?

Not very social

Does your family go baby-crazy for new little ones?

Oh yes, my family LIVES for babies

Not particularly, no

Somewhat, sure – but no more than usual

If your family had a motto, it would be:

“Family comes first. Always.”

“The family that fights together, stays together.”

“Just keep swimming.”

“No one gets left behind.”

“Earn your independence.”

Your family is a Bear Sleuth!

Your family is a Bear Sleuth!

A unique and powerful dynamic, your family operates much like a sleuth (or group) of bears! Bear families are independent, solitary groups that inhabit their own territory and fend for themselves – only coming together in times of great feasting or dire need. Your family has strong bonds, but is made up of similar groupings that love an appreciate one another – but do not need to constantly surround each other in order to prove such. Many strong-willed and independent persons exist within your family – and members of your kin aren’t afraid to go out on their own into the great unknown!

Your family is a Dolphin Pod!

Your family is a Dolphin Pod!

A cultured and empathetic lot, your family is very similar to a pod of dolphins! Dolphins place great importance on relationships and emotion, and use these traits to form bonds that last for their entire lifetime. Like your family, Dolphin pods are made up of individuals who carry the weight and lead the charge, but also switch out from time to time to share responsibilities. Your family is social, inventive, playful, and above all an unwavering support system for their own – just like the family unit of a dolphin pod.

Your family is a Meerkat Mob!

Your family is a Meerkat Mob!

An intricate and complicated family system, your kin are most like a Meerkat Mob! Meerkats, much like your family, form complex territories and relationships – and place great importance on social and political advantage. Protective of their own but very quick to discipline, Meerkats (and your family) are strict in their ways and effective in their systems – and expect all offspring to uphold the same systems and values. Your family may seem overly-protective or controlling at times, but it is done out of caring, respect, and love.

Your family is a Wolf Pack!

Your family is a Wolf Pack!

Self-contained and fiercely loyal, your family is most like a wolf pack! Perhaps the most famous of nature’s family units, your family shares much in common with the storied wolf pack mentality. Outsiders are unwelcome, as your kin enjoys the company of their own and helping those they know to prosper. Members of your family are territorial, headstrong, and (for the most part) know what they want in life. As with a wolf pack, we’re willing to bet there’s one matriarchal couple that makes many of the decisions, as well. Either way, protecting your own is the name of the game for your wolf pack family!

Your family is a School of Fish!

Your family is a School of Fish!

As tightly knit as family units come, your kin are most like a School of Fish! Many members of your family are attached at the hip, and a deep sense of togetherness, “oneness”, and love permeates your relationships. Your family does pretty much everything together, and a lot of your kin choose to stay close to home for the sake of companionship, support, and enjoyment. Many members of your family share similar interests, beliefs, and philosophies – making many of your kin feel always and forever at home, and leaving a few feeling like a fish out of water.

Your family is an Elephant Parade!

Your family is an Elephant Parade!

Jovial and social, your family is most like an Elephant Parade! Led by a matriarchal female, elephant families have one strikingly unique quality – they focus on children for a long, long time. Like babies (or the youngest) in your family, elephant babies are the center of attention for YEARS and are reared with the utmost care and attention. Your family, much like elephant parades, is also made up of several strong and connected yet independent family groupings, all of which gather for social events and emotional support.

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So I’ve created a Cerberus creature that is a group of three hyena-like dogs instead of one organism. The three individuals are linked together, much like an ant colony or bee hive. They would be linked together from birth, and would eat, sleep, and hunt together until death. A Cerberus pack would function so well together that it would appear that they were one organism, and each body was simply an extension of this one mind. During hunting each of the three would know their roles, and would be able to improvise and adapt to the situation as it changes.

Does this type of organism make sense? Specifically, does the aspect of three canine beasts being linked together like this seem reasonable and could they function as an effective predator this way?

2 Answers 2

I can’t see how a pack of hyenas would benefit from binding their bodies together physically, not to mention I’m not entirely sure how they would do it if they wanted to. Flanking is much easier if you’re not going solo. But maybe, your puppies didn’t have the choice? Having your puppies be conjoined triplets solves the motivation issue nicely, as well as the binding method, and it makes muscle coordination easier. Specifically, your Cerberus have a medical condition known as polycephaly. Yes, I know, you wanted separate dogs. They are separate personalities. Linked from the birth? To a T.

Can they even survive? Wikipedia says

In cases where multiple heads are fully developed and non-parasitic, they share control of the organs and limbs, though the specific structure of the connections varies. Animals often move in a disoriented and dizzy fashion, with the brains “arguing” with each other; some animals simply zig-zag without getting anywhere.[15] Snake heads may attack and even attempt to swallow each other. Thus, polycephalic animals survive poorly in the wild compared to normal monocephalic animals.

Most two-headed snakes only live for a few months, though some have been reported to live a full life and even reproduced, with the offspring born normal. A two-headed black rat snake with separate throats and stomachs survived for 20 years. A two-headed albino rat snake named “We” survived in captivity for 8 years.

So . not a great prospect. But that’s only because the two heads are thrown into an unfamiliar (for their genetic programming) situation they can’t cope with. A little education before they kill each other goes a long way. And you know what? I don’t know about hyenas, but wolves are excellent learners, so I’d recommend those.

The first generations of cerberids would be tough, but the declining quality of genome in the local pack made sure the condition would prevail nevertheless. They would learn to live with three heads because single-headed puppies were getting too rare. Untrained puppies would meet their untimely demise due to fights between their heads, but the second triple comes through, their parents already know to keep an eye on them and break up fights. And of course, polycephalic parents already know how they were raised, and they’ll use the same method on their puppies.

Wolves need clear hierarchy, and conjoined heads do even more so. But you can’t have them establish dominance via death matches. Instead, the parents would make sure to always give preferred treatment to the middle head. The other two would then mostly just sit and watch until a brawl crops up.

Can they outperform other packs when they eventually encounter them? I can see some benefits of a well-trained trio of heads:

More eyes. Birds have to cope up with a tough decision. Either 360-degree vision, but 2D, or 3D vision but they can’t see behind them. Your puppies wouldn’t have the issue. The cohorts would look what’s behind the body, at an angle of 120 degrees from the main head (eventually made easier by proper genetics). Then, when the call to fight comes, they’d swing forwards, sacrificing field of vision for .

More teeth. Three sets of teeth are better than one set of teeth. Three sets of teeth in three separate bodies would be even better, but you gotta do what you gotta do.

Backup heads. When a monocephalic animal loses their head (literally), it’s game over, man. When cerberos loses their head to a foe, it’s not much worse than any other gaping wound in the middle of a deathmatch. Pretty bad, but survivors do pop up. Then, you have a two-headed wolf with a nasty scar on their neck a pair of conjoined wolves forced to carry along a grisly reminder of their long lost friend – or, more likely, a long lost frenemy.

Plot hook: two betas, taught by generations to always listen to the head that sits between them and always commands them, are now stuck in a single body with no command and with a fresh memory of a fight they barely survived. Tradition says the right hand should take over lead, but the left head doesn’t like the idea.