How to create a website using HTML is not a big deal because it is very simple and easy. You can make HTML website using HTML on notepad. If you want to create an HTML website then we will teach you how to make it through simple steps. We will create a table in HTML to make layout adjustments so that we can design the website through our desired output.
Let’s create a file through the steps
Step 1: Creating the HTML file
Open up your computer’s plain text editor (Notepad) and create a new file. We suggest you to use Notepad (on Windows), TextEdit (on Mac) or some other simple text editor to do this such as Notepad++, VS Code etc.
Don’t use Wordpad or word to do it.
Step 2: Type HTML code
Start with the basic syntax of HTML and Relax your mind before coding, don’t be superfast or panic.
Step 3: Add Background Image
Add background image in the body tag using its background attribute.
Step 4: Create a table
Now, create a table according to the need of coulumns & rows to create the layout. Do colspan, rowspan where needed.
Step 5: Content Sattlement
When done with the layout, write your text in it and embed images/logos to your website wherever you want it.
Step 6: Make it Attractive
When all content is written then design it with the color, size and font style to make it attractive.
Here we create html website code document
- In the first line, you will find the declaration of document type “” . It tells the web client that the document you are viewing has been created as an HTML5 document. It’s case-sensitive.
- The element serves as an element that contain tags which provide details about the document, for instance, tags define its title for the documents.
- The element contains all the document’s content (paragraphs links, images tables, and so on) which is rendered by the browser and then displayed before the end user.
- You’ll learn more about various HTML elements in very detail in the next blogs. In the meantime, focus on the fundamental outline of an HTML document.
- We used table to create the website design, and organized the data by your desired output
How to create a website using HTML in very easy steps by YouTube Video – Click here
How to make Registration form in HTML using table – Click here
These fifteen online tutorials are an excellent introduction to HTML HTML
Expression Web (free to students with a .edu email address) is Microsoft Windows’ HTML editor and web design software product; it allows you to create standards-based Web sites faster and easier. It uses “IntelliSense” to autocomplete code. It is part of the Expression Studio suite. . These intentionally brief lessons get straight to the point and can be completed during a short class session. They are far easier to work with than some of the more involved HTML sites which can overwhelm a beginning student. Terms and tags are defined, actual samples are provided, and results are displayed on the screen. The sample code is designed to be copied directly from the screen and pasted into a practice page to try, modify, and experiment with.
At the bottom of each of these tutorials is a Review Assignment Learning Project link to 10 Practice Review Steps. These steps can be used as an assignment or an in-class practice project.
Notepad ® is a very simple and free text editor. It comes with Microsoft Windows. Unlike a word processor, Notepad does not allow you to set colors, or use multiple fonts in a document, or insert graphics into text files. Notepad files are very small. Because all Windows computers have Notepad and because it loads almost instantly, both professionals and newbees use Notepad for quick edits and short Web pages.
Most Web masters use programs such as Dreamweaver or Expression Web. These web design software packages are indispensible when working with advanced or tedious aspects of Web development. However, most Web masters spend a good deal of their time with Dreamweaver or Expression Web in code view, a view which looks much like Notepad. So it is important to master the basic HTML tags and concepts presented in these online tutorials.
To start Notepad in Windows: Click Start > All Programs > Accessories > Notepad.
If you have an Apple Mac, you may use TextEdit ® instead. Choose “Make Plain Text” from the Format menu before you save the file. Then, choose File > Save As, type “.html” as the filename extension, and uncheck the box that reads “If no extension is provided, use .txt” and/or click the button that reads [Use .html] if TextEdit asks if you want to use the .txt extension.
Notepad® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
TextEdit® is a registered trademark of Apple Computer, Inc.
Introduction: Bare Bones Web Page
Today we are going to create a very simple, bare bones web page from scratch. We will talk about HTML elements, styling your web page (colors, fonts, alignment, etc.), and finally how to insert an image into your web page!
By the end of this instructable, you will have the basic skills to create a web page from scratch, and discover that coding isn’t as hard as it seems!
Step 1: Using Notepad
We are going to use Notepad on windows to create our first web page. Although any text editor will do, notepad comes pre-installed on Windows machines so it is a great starting point.
To open notepad, go to your search bar in the bottom left corner of your screen and type in “Notepad”. Then select the “Notepad” application that comes up in the search results. A new window should open.
Step 2: Adding the Basic HTML Document Tree
All web pages must follow a standard skeletal structure in order for your web browser (Chrome, Firefox, Edge, Internet Explorer, Safari. ) to process and display your web page.
This is called the html document tree. In Notepad, type in the html “elements” or “tags” as displayed in the screen shot. Feel free to copy and paste as well:
Step 3: Saving As a .html Page
Now that we have our basic html structure in Notepad, let’s save it so that we don’t lose any work, and so that we can see our changes as we progress along the Instructable.
- Select ‘File’ > ‘Save as. ‘ (Screenshot 1)
- Change the File Type to ‘All Files’ (Screenshot 2)
- Give your file a name of your choice. Make sure to note where you’re saving the document on your computer so you can open it later.
NOTE: The most important part of saving this file is appending “.html” to the end of the file name. This will allow your computer to recognize it as a webpage. So if you want to name your file “my_webpage”, make sure to add .html to the end of that, e.g. “my_webpage.html”
Step 4: Adding a Title to Your Web Page
So we have the basic html structure needed for web browsers to interpret and display our web page, but we don’t have any content. Let’s change that!
The first thing we should do is give a Title to our web page. Most all web pages have a title. This is what displays on the tab in your web browser (see screen shot). I’m going to give my web page the title “Taylor’s Website”. To do this, we need to add a ‘title’ element.
At this point you will notice that every tag has an “opening” tag and a “closing” tag. Such as
This is to discern where the title starts, and where it ends. Almost all html tags follow this, however there are some exceptions.
Step 5: Adding Content to Your Web Page
Well, we have a Title for our web page, but we still don’t have any actual content for it. Let’s add some flair!
We have added a title to our web page using a ‘title’ element. Let’s give our webpage a big, attention grabbing header by using a ‘h1’ element which is a heading element.
Step 6: Viewing Our Changes Thus Far
We have a title, we have some content, let’s check out our web page to how it’s coming so far.
- Save your file in notepad
- Go to where you saved your file and double click it. It should automatically open in your default web browser. Looking good!
Step 7: Adding a Paragraph Tag
We have a title, a heading, now let’s add a paragraph with some more text. The element name for a paragraph is ‘p’. You can see it’s use below:
Note: You can view your changes any time you like by saving notepad and opening up the file.
Step 8: Give It Some Color
We have our webpage rolling right along, but it’s pretty plain. Let’s give our paragraph tag some color!
We can color different elements by adding a ‘style’ attribute to the ‘p’ tag as detailed below:
Step 9: Adding a Picture
What is a website without pictures? Let’s add a picture to our website!
First step is to find an image that you like. I used google images to search for a golden retriever. Pull the image up and make sure that the url ends in .jpg, .png, .gif, .jpeg, etc.
Once you have chosen your image, we need to add it to the html page using an ‘img’ tag. My image is: https://i.imgflip.com/4a8he.jpg
Add it to your page using an ‘img’ tag with a ‘src’ attribute:
Step 10: Viewing the Final Product
Save the notepad file, and open up the final product. You should see your web page!
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Jennifer Kyrnin is a professional web developer who assists others in learning web design, HTML, CSS, and XML.
HTML provides the structural foundation of web pages, and any web designer will need to have an understanding of this language. The software that you use to code that language is up to you, however. In fact. if you use Windows, you don’t need to buy or download an editor in order to write HTML. You have a perfectly functional editor built into your operating system — Notepad.
This software has is limitations, but it will absolutely allow you to code HTML. Since Notepad is already included with your operating system, you can’t beat the price and you can get started writing HTML immediately!
There are only a few steps to creating a web page with Notepad:
Open Notepad: Notepad is nearly always found in your Accessories menu.
Start writing your HTML: Remember that you need to be more careful than in an HTML editor. You won’t have elements like tag completion or validation. You are really coding from scratch at this point, so any mistakes you make will not be ones that the software can catch for you.
Save your HTML to a file: Notepad normally saves files as .txt. But since you’re writing HTML, you need to save the file as .html. If you do not do this, all you will have is a text file that has some HTML code in it.
If you’re not careful in the third step, you’ll end up with a file named something like filename.html.txt.
Here’s how to avoid that:
Click on File and then Save As.
Navigate to the folder you want to save to.
Change the Save As Type drop-down menu to All Files (*.*)
Name your file. Be sure to include the .html extension e.g. homepage.html.
Remember HTML isn’t terribly hard to learn, and you don’t actually need to buy any additional software or other items in order to put up a basic web page. There are, however, advantages to using a more advanced HTML editing software.
A simple upgrade to the free Notepad software is Notepad++. This software is a free download, so if you are trying to write HTML without purchasing expensive software, Notepad++ still has you covered.
While Notepad is a very basic software package, Notepad++ has additional features that make it a great choice for coding HTML.
First off, when you save a page with the .html file extension (thereby telling the software that you are, indeed, writing HTML), the software will add line numbers and color coding to what you are writing. This makes it much easier to write HTML since it replicates the features you will find in more expensive, web design-centric programs. This will make it easier to code new web pages. You can also open existing web pages in this program (and in Notepad) and edit them. Once again, the additional features of Notepad++ will make this easier on you.
Using Word for HTML Editing
While Word does not come automatically with Windows computers the way that Notepad does, it is still found on many computers and you may be tempted to try to use that software to code HTML. While it is, indeed, possible to write HTML with Microsoft Word, it is not advisable. With Word, you get none of the benefits of Notepad++, but you have to struggle with the software’s desire to make everything into a text document. Can you make it work? Yes, but it will not be easy, and realistically, you are much better of using Notepad or Notepad++ for any HTML or CSS coding.
Original article by Jennifer Krynin. Edited by Jeremy Girard.
Beginning HTML5 and CSS3 For Dummies
If youвЂ™re building a hypertext link to an external Web page in Notepad, you should know itвЂ™s built a bit like an iceberg: It has a visible part (the link text, which appears as blue, underlined text by default) and an invisible-but-impressive part thatвЂ™s normally hidden (the specification of just which file clicking on the link will lead to). The visible part is the friendly, appealing bit; the invisible part will work for you too, but only if itвЂ™s constructed just right.
Text in an HTML document is made into the starting point of a hypertext link by surrounding it with the and tags, with a standing for anchor. The linkвЂ™s two ends, the start that the user clicks on and the page that appears as a result, are both called anchors.
The destination of the link is called the hypertext reference , or href for short. So a link to another Web page in HTML looks like this:
Follow these steps to create a simple hypertext link in Notepad:
Find the text that you want to make a link.
Surround the text with the and tags.
Getting the end tag in right away will prevent you from forgetting it.
Enter the destination Web address, or URL, by adding href=url to the tag (where url is a full Web address).
Enter the full Web address, including the preceding http:// , and check whether the address includes www. or not; a few Web addresses donвЂ™t. Also make certain that the site ending really is .com , .org , .co.uk , or whatever itвЂ™s supposed to be.
In up-to-date Web browsers, you can open an additional tab to check your Web address while leaving the first tab for previewing your Web page.
Enter a title for the link by adding the title attribute.
The title for the link is text that, in some browsers, appears when the user puts the mouse pointer over the link.
If you leave this area blank, the URL will appear as the title. Often the URL is self-explanatory, as in a link to a Wikipedia entry. You may wish to enter the URL, without http:// , as the link title to make it a bit more comprehensible for the user.
If the URL is long or confusing, enter a simple title that describes the page. For instance, hereвЂ™s the long-winded URL for HTML, XHTML & CSS For Dummies, 6th Edition on the For Dummies site:
Using a tool tip вЂ” HTML, XHTML, & CSS For Dummies on dummies.com вЂ” saves your visitors some hassle and you some screen real estate.
Being able to see the URL or title when you mouse over a link is very good for usability. However, in Internet Explorer, the URL or title appears in a strip at the bottom of the screen called the Status Bar which, in recent versions of IE, is turned off by default. ThereвЂ™s not much you can do about this for your users, but at least you can turn on the Status Bar yourself вЂ” choose Viewв†’Status Bar in Internet Explorer to turn it on.
Save the Web page to your hard drive and open it in a Web browser to preview and test the link.
The text will appear as link text, underlined and in blue. Clicking on it should bring up the target page.
Notepad is a built-in text editor that comes pre-installed on Windows machines of all versions – XP, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, and so on.
It is the default Windows text editor. You can think of Notepad as your VS Code or favorite text editor with fewer capabilities.
Coding with Notepad is great for beginners, because you have no access to syntax highlighting, formatting, and other such automated features.
Without these aides, you’ll learn attention to detail, perseverance, resilience, and how to format your code yourself, before you start coding with other text editors like VS Code, Sublime Text, or Atom.
How to Code a Simple Website in Notepad
You can use Notepad to code in two ways: launch Notepad directly from your Windows machine and start coding and then save the code later, or create the file and open it with Notepad.
In this tutorial, I will focus on the second method, so I’m going to create the files first, then open them with Notepad.
Step 1: Create a folder anywhere on your computer
Step 2: On the main menu section of the folder, click on the “View” tab and make sure “file name extensions” is ticked. This will give you access to creating a file and specifying the extension as well.
These names are due to convention. You can name the files whatever you want if you don’t want to follow the conventions.
Step 4: Right-click on the index.html and hover on the “open with” option. This will show apps with which you can open the file. Choose Notepad.
By default, the index.html file will be opened by your default browser, so make sure you don’t double-click the file.
If Notepad is not shown within the options, click “Choose another app”, select “More apps” in the next popup, and you will see Notepad within the apps listed.
Now, you should have opened the HTML file with Notepad. You will see something like this (if you get things right):
Step 5: Paste in the following HTML Code:
Your Notepad app should now be filled with code:
Save the file by pressing Ctrl + S, or go to File and click “Save”.
If your code isn’t indented like mine, don’t worry. Notepad doesn’t do it for you automatically, so you have to do it manually.
The website should now look like this:
Open the CSS file you created in Step 3 and paste in the following code:
If you reload the page, you will see there are no changes. Don’t worry at all. This is because the h1 tag with the class of page-heading in the HTML file is empty.
I declared a variable called pageHeadingText and set it to a string, “This is a Simple Website coded with Windows Notepad” .
I declared another variable called pageHeading to select the empty h1 tag in the HTML. I did this with the DOM (Document Object Model) querySelector method.
To link the CSS file, paste the following code in the head section of the HTML:
If you now reload the page, you should see a difference:
The Windows Notepad is a text editor just like S Code, Atom, Sublime Text, and others. It just does not have the features of other more advanced text editors like syntax highlighting, text formatting, built-in terminal, and so on. But it still performs all the functions of a text editor as you can code in any programming language with it.
To get more comfortable coding, you can download and install a more feature-rich text editor like VS Code (it’s free!). It gives you syntax highlighting, text formatting, and pretty much any functionality you want through a rich library of extensions available in the VS Code marketplace.
Apart from VS Code, other text editors you can use are Atom, Sublime Text, Vim, and Notepad++, a hybrid version of Windows Notepad.
Thank you for reading this article. If you find it helpful, share it with your friends and family.
A Mint of Creativity
HTML Text Editors
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Choice of Text Editor :
- Notepad is the simple text editor in which you can start typing HTML code and after writing the complete code, save the file in .html (dot html) extension.
- You can write your code in DW as it provides Intellisense to the users with less experience of writing code correctly without help.
- Here are some images that will help you understand how to create a simple web page using simple notepad text editor.
FIRST HTML WEB PAGE
- First of all, Open Notepad and write the below given code in it. After writing the code, save it by the name “FirstTutorial.html“
This is how you write code for HTML.
for Large Heading,
HTML CODE FOR SIMPLE WEB PAGE IN NOTEPAD
HOW TO SAVE HTML FILES
- All HTML files you create must have the file extension as .html because the browser will read the html files only when it is saved in .html format correctly.
All HTML files must be saved in .html extension otherwise the browsers will not be able to read the tags and show it on the browser.
HTML Files need to be saved in .html extension
HOW TO VIEW HTML FILES IN WEB BROWSER
An HTML file is simply a text file saved with an .html or .htm extension.
In this tutorial you will learn how easy it is to create an HTML document or a web page. To begin coding HTML you need only two stuff: a simple-text editor and a web browser.
Well, let’s get started with creating your first HTML page.
Creating Your First HTML Document
Let’s walk through the following steps. At the end of this tutorial, you will have made an HTML file that displays “Hello world” message in your web browser.
Step 1: Creating the HTML file
Open up your computer’s plain text editor and create a new file.
Tip: We suggest you to use Notepad (on Windows), TextEdit (on Mac) or some other simple text editor to do this; don’t use Word or WordPad! Once you understand the basic principles, you may switch to more advanced tools such as Adobe Dreamweaver.
Step 2: Type some HTML code
Start with an empty window and type the following code:
Step 3: Saving the file
Now save the file on your desktop as “myfirstpage.html “.
Note: It is important that the extension .html is specified — some text editors, such as Notepad, will automatically save it as .txt otherwise.
To open the file in a browser. Navigate to your file then double click on it. It will open in your default Web browser. If it does not, open your browser and drag the file to it.
Explanation of code
You might think what that code was all about. Well, let’s find out.
- The first line is the document type declaration. It instructs the web browser that this document is an HTML5 document. It is case-insensitive.
- The element is a container for the tags that provides information about the document, for example, tag defines the title of the document.
- The element contains the document’s actual content (paragraphs, links, images, tables, and so on) that is rendered in the web browser and displayed to the user.
You will learn about the different HTML elements in detail in the upcoming chapters. For now, just focus on the basic structure of the HTML document.
Note: A DOCTYPE declaration appears at the top of a web page before all other elements; however the doctype declaration itself is not an HTML tag. Every HTML document requires a document type declaration to insure that your pages are displayed correctly.
Tip: The , , and tags make up the basic skeleton of every web page. Content inside the and are invisible to users with one exception: the text between and tags which appears as the title on a browser tab.
HTML Tags and Elements
HTML is written in the form of HTML elements consisting of markup tags. These markup tags are the fundamental characteristic of HTML. Every markup tag is composed of a keyword, surrounded by angle brackets, such as , , , ,
HTML tags normally come in pairs like and . The first tag in a pair is often called the opening tag (or start tag), and the second tag is called the closing tag (or end tag).
An opening tag and a closing tag are identical, except a slash ( / ) after the opening angle bracket of the closing tag, to tell the browser that the command has been completed.
In between the start and end tags you can place appropriate contents. For example, a paragraph, which is represented by the p element, would be written as:
You will learn about the various HTML elements in upcoming chapter.
Here’s a ridiculously quick tutorial on how to make a web page using just Windows Notepad (or any old text editor for that matter).
- Open Windows Notepad (click Start » Run , type in ‘notepad’, click OK).
- Type in the the words “Hello World!”
- Save the text file with an .htm extension (e.g., mypage.htm).
- Locate where you saved your .htm file and double-click on it.
Presto. One web page. Pretty cool, huh?
Of course there’s much more to it than just that.
In fact ( *chuckle* ) we didn’t even use any HTML in that tutorial which you will need if you want to create web pages that contain more than just plain unformatted text. Nor is your web page actually online for all to see but rather it just exists on your own computer.
To do all this, we’ll have to crank up the geek-o-meter a notch or two. But don’t worry. I’ll keep it nice and simple.
Just follow these.
Easy Step-by-step Instructions
This time we’ll actually throw in a bit of basic HTML in order to make a ‘real’ web page.
Alright let’s get to it.
Assuming that you’re using Windows, you can make a web page by doing the following:
- Resize your browser window so that it only fills the top half of your computer screen. (Not essential but it will make following this tutorial alot easier.)
- Start Notepad by clicking on Start » Run. Then type in ‘notepad’ (without the quotation marks) and click OK.
- Resize Notepad to fill the bottom half of your computer screen.
- Copy the following code:
- Click anywhere inside the text box above.
- Right click on selected text and click on Copy
Now just to keep organized, use the Create New Folder option to create a new folder called ‘Homepage’. After creating the new folder, double-click on it to open it in the Save As dialog.
Now click on the drop down menu beside the Save as type text box and select All Files (*.*). After this, in the File name text box, type in “mypage.htm” with the double quotation marks and then click on Save.
To view your ‘creation’ in your web browser (don’t close Notepad yet), go to your desktop and double-click on:
My Computer » Drive C: » Homepage » mypage.htm
Copy-and-paste the following link into the address bar of your web browser and click on GO:
Your web browser should now display a blank white web page with the words ‘HELLO WORLD!’ on it.
Congratulations. You’ve just learned how to make a web page.
So where do you go from here? Well let’s familiarize you with the process of editing your web page.
Today we are going to show you an easy way to create your own Shutdown Timer by using a notepad. You can even do this by using your html editor . Follow the below given Steps and have fun .
Steps To Create A Simple Shutdown Timer:
Step 1 : Open New Text Document :
Right click on your desktop and select the ” create a new text document ” option or just simply Open a Notepad.
Step 2 : Copy-Paste :
Copy and paste the below given code on to the notepad .
Step 3 : Save The File :
Save this Text document As ” OnlineCmag.bat ” , but make sure that the file type is selected as ” All files ” and saved with ” .bat” extension . Set the Encoding To ” ANSI ” .
Step 4 : Run The File :
Just double click on the saved File To Execute . Now you will be asked to set the timer for shutdown .
Share Your Views And Doubts In comments…
It’s easy isn’t it? Do try it yourself and don’t forget to share it with your friends on facebook, twitter and google+…..
How to Create a Web Page
It’s easy to Create a Web Page. Basically, the simplest web page is just an HTML document. HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. You can build your very first web page using Notepad. Really, you can use any standard text editor. For projects, you might write code in an Arduino to generate a web page. This page might show values of different variables in memory.
Generally, a the simplest web page will consist of two main parts: A Head and a Body. We use TAGS in HTML to identify how we want the web page to display. In other words, we use human-readable codes. In this section, we’ll create a very simple web page. The most difficult part is simply getting started. Once you have your first page built, then you can research other tags to customize your page.
Step 1: Add your HTML tags
Most tags will have a starting tag, and an ending tag. The ending tag is is just the name of the starting tag. However, you put a slash before the tag name. The first thing we’ll add to our document is the HTML tags. Everything on the page will go between these tags.
Step 2: Add the Head and Body
At this point, we are still creating the structure of the web page. To make the page more easy to read, I’ll use tabs before the head and the body. The head will contain information about the page. The body will be your actual web page. Let’s add our head and body tags. These tags are not case sensitive.
Step 3: Add a Title
At this point, we are ready to add a title. The Title appears in the Title bar of the web browser. This step is optional, but it does clarify the purpose of your page.
Step 4: Add your Body Content
The body is what appears in your web page. In other words, this is the content of your page. There are many different tags that you can use in the body to enhance your page. We’ll just start with something simple:
Step 5: Save Your Page
Obviously, we need to save our work. We might eventually want this page to run on a web server. If so, we will save it as “index.html”. Most all web servers will look for this as the first page within a directory. At this point, we’ll save our file. Then go to our web browser, and open the file.
As you can see, I entered the path of the file into the address bar. Additionally, the title we put in the Title tags show up at the top of your browser window (In the Title Bar). Likewise, our body shows up as the content of the web page.
Other common tags are heading tags. These indicate a different size of text that Identifies a section of your content.
Furthermore, you can use tags such as bold italics underline. Likewise, to insert an image you might use . Obviously, I’m showing these tags in the simplest forms. You can add other attributes to many of these tags, such as height and width.
Lastly, and HTML Link would look like this: Click here to get to my second page
To further enhance your page, check out other tags that you have available at this link. You can embed pictures, links to other pages, change the background, etc. There is no limit when it comes to your imagination!
Visit the Main Site for more information on Industrial and Home Automation projects!
A Guest Post By: Raji Ayinla
When you first set out to build a website, either for a client or for your personal use, there’s an itch to do everything on your own. We sometimes forget that part of being a good developer isn’t only being able to cook up performant code, it’s knowing the tools we have at hand so that the wheel doesn’t have to keep being reinvented. Getting acquainted with an ever-growing list of tools is just part of the job.
First we’ll add some much needed script and link tags into the tag. You can avoid this step with npm install fullpage.js
Once you have those links ready, we can start learning some of the main scaffolds. You can choose to have vertical scrolling by sectioning your website. Your “section” divs should always be wrapped by a “fullpage” div.
You can also allow for some sliding action:
It’s good practice to wrap slides with a .section div even if you only wish to have a single slider in your web app. At this point we’ve gone through the basic setup for a fullpage app.
If you want to integrate a footer within .fullpage , write:
You can also have both footer and navbar hanging outside of the .fullpage wrapper. Have fun playing around with your options.
After you’re satisfied with your layout, move over to your CSS file and apply a CSS reset. Without the reset, you’re sections aren’t going to take up the full page(get it?).
This is a good time to familiarize yourself with fullpage.css, because you may want to tweak some of the default styles to suit the design needs of your project. Here’s the link to all of the selectors: click me
Finally, calling $(‘#fullpage’).fullpage(); within a $(document).ready(function<>) is all you need to do to achieve full functionality.
The end result will look something like what you see below, minus the menu, of course. More on that later.
One of the most powerful aspects of this library is its easy customization. It offers a wide range of options that can be broken down into four sections: Navigation, Scrolling, Accessibility, Design, and Events.
Simply setting navigation to true gives you a beautiful visual menu right out of the box.
If you want to change the color/size/position of the menu, dive into fullpage.css and pull out the . fp-nav related selectors. You can start overwriting some of the properties without a hassle. Remember to mark your styles as !important to override the default styles.
If you loath the built-in nav, you can build the classic navigation with the following HTML:
The menu should be placed outside of the fullpage wrapper for absolute positioning over all the sections. Also, the href values should be equivalent to the anchors: and the id should match the value of the menu key:
Lastly, the slides navigation and navigation position are self-explanatory.
The scrolling is also rather easy to tinker around with, but the major blow here is that a great number of features (which are not listed here) are hidden behind a paywall. From among them, parallax and continuous horizontal (carousel)scrolling are two of the most egregious omissions. Without continuous horizontal scrolling, after reaching the last slider, you’re forced to go back in reverse, which makes for awkward navigation. loopHorizontal at least automates the task of backtracking to the original slide.
There are workarounds, but having to create your own slider almost defeats the purpose of using this library. Almost.
If you really need a carousel, I’ll show you a nice little hack later on so stick around.
Design and Accessibility
The most noteworthy option here the ability to set controlArrows to false. 1) because they’re pretty ugly and 2) because we get to take advantage of the methods and events.
Methods and Events
There are a ton of useful methods. Check out the full list of methods here. What I’m going to hone in on are the $.fn.fullpage.moveSlideRight(); and $.fn.fullpage.moveSlideLeft(); These two methods are all you need to initiate the sliding animation after you call onclick event listeners on your custom arrows.
You’re going to want to take advantage of the onscreen real estate by linking high quality images, I bet. Well, if you want seamless integration, you should add an id to every slide you make and set set a background property to every one of them in CSS.
This will allow you to overlap text and other elements that are unique to each slide.
Alright. As promised, I’ll show you how to implement continuous scroll.
In order to allow for continuous scroll, we’ll be using Slick. I’m not going to go in-depth, I’ll only show you how to marry it with fullpage.js. Check out the Slick docs here.
This is going to get a little dirty here, so follow along.
First, disable your fullpage control arrows by setting controlArrows: to false.
Second, add slick.min.js before the closing body tag.
Third, add arrows to sections that contain carousels.
Third, in your js file, initialize slick and set variableHeight to true. For good measure, set the arrow keys to their corresponding selectors.
Important: slick should be initialized after fullpage
Fourth, we need to add event listeners for our buttons. There’s nothing magical going on here. We’re just using Slick’s functions to move the carousel forward and back.
Finally, we can work on some CSS. You can design your arrows however you want to design them. Or you can just use images rather than CSSing geometric shapes. Whatever floats your boat.
After you’ve styled the arrows, the last problem to resolve is the width and height issue. To fix that, we have to target a selector called .slick-slide . Feel free to adjust the width and height to your liking.
And that’s that. You now have continuous sliding action. You’ll also notice that you get the mouse drag for free as well. Actually, there are a ton of cool effects that you should explore.
In this tutorial, weвЂ™ll learn how to use HTML to add images on a website. WeвЂ™ll also learn how to add alternative text to images to improve accessibility for site visitors who use screen readers.
Adding an image with HTML
Images are added to an HTML document using the element. The element requires the attribute src which allows you to set the location of the file where the image is stored. An image element is written like this:
Note that the element does not use a closing tag. To try using the element, download our image of Sammy the Shark and place it in your project directory html-practice.
Note: To download the image of Sammy the Shark, visit the link and CTRL + Left Click (on Macs) or Right Click (on Windows) on the image and select вЂњSave Image AsвЂќ and save it as small-profile.jpeg to your project directory.
Next, erase the content of your index.html file and paste into the file. (If you have not been following the tutorial series, you can review instructions for setting up an index.html file in our tutorial Setting Up Your HTML Project.
Then, copy the file path of the image and replace Image_Location with the location of your saved image. If you are using the Visual Studio Code text editor, you can copy the file path by using CTRL + Left Click (on Macs) or Right Click (on Windows) on the image file small-profile.jpeg in the left-hand panel and selecting вЂњCopy Path.вЂќ For an illustration of the process, please see the gif below:
Note: Make sure to copy the relative or project file path of the image rather than the absolute or full file path of the image. The relative path refers to the file location relative to the current working directory (as opposed to the absolute path, which refers to the file location relative to the root directory.) While both paths will work in this instance, only the relative path would work if we decided to publish our website online. Since our end goal is to create a publishable website, we will start using relative paths now when adding elements to our document.
Save your index.html file and reload it in your browser. You should receive something like this:
Technically, you can also use links to images hosted online as file paths. To understand how this works, try replacing the image location with a link to our image of Sammy the Shark like this:
Save your file and reload it in the browser. The image should still load in your web document, but this time the image is being sourced from its online location rather than your local project directory. You can experiment with adding other online images by using their location links as the src attribute in the tag.
However, when building a website it is generally better to host your images in your project directory to ensure the sustainability of the site. If the image is taken down by its host or if its address changes, it will no longer render on your site.
Alternative Text for Accessibility
When adding an image, you should always include alternative text describing its content using the alt attribute. This text is typically not displayed on the webpage but is used by screen readers to communicate content to visually-impaired site visitors.
When adding alternative text, keep the following best practices in mind:
For informative images, alternative text should clearly and concisely describe the subject matter of the image, without referring to the image itself. For example, do not write вЂњImage of Sammy the Shark, DigitalOceanвЂ™s mascotвЂќ but вЂњSammy the Shark, DigitalOceanвЂ™s mascot.вЂќ
For decorative images, the alt attribute should still be used but with a null value, as this improves the screen reader experience: .
For a useful guide on determining whether an image is informative or decorative, visit https://www.w3.org/WAI/tutorials/images/decision-tree/
You should now have familiarity with how to add images to your HTML document and how to add alternative text to aid with accessibility. WeвЂ™ll learn how to change the image size and style in the tutorial How To Add a Profile Image To Your Webpage later on in the series. In the next tutorial, weвЂ™ll learn how to add links to an HTML document.
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Tutorial Series: How To Build a Website with HTML
This tutorial series will guide you through creating and further customizing this website using HTML, the standard markup language used to display documents in a web browser. No prior coding experience is necessary but we recommend you start at the beginning of the series if you wish to recreate the demonstration website.
A webpage layout is very important to give better look to your website. It takes considerable time to design a website’s layout with great look and feel.
HTML Layout – Using Tables
For example, the following HTML layout example is achieved using a table with 3 rows and 2 columns but the header and footer column spans both columns using the colspan attribute −
This will produce the following result −
Multiple Columns Layout – Using Tables
You can design your webpage to put your web content in multiple pages. You can keep your content in middle column and you can use left column to use menu and right column can be used to put advertisement or some other stuff. This layout will be very similar to what we have at our website tutorialspoint.com.
Here is an example to create three column layout −
This will produce the following result −
HTML Layouts – Using DIV, SPAN
Although we can achieve pretty nice layouts with HTML tables, but tables weren’t really designed as a layout tool. Tables are more suited to presenting tabular data.
Note − This example makes use of Cascading Style Sheet (CSS), so before understanding this example you need to have a better understanding on how CSS works.
Here we will try to achieve same result using
tag along with CSS, whatever you have achieved using
This will produce the following result −
You can create better layout using DIV, SPAN along with CSS. For more information on CSS, please refer to CSS Tutorial.
You can easily create a simple ChatBox or a ChatBot using a Notepad in your Windows Computer. The ChatBox below is written in the VBScript language (VBScript stands for Visual Basic, Scripting Edition). This language only runs on Windows. However, the program given below can be easily adapted to other programming environments.
Steps To Make Your Chatbot Or Chatbox In Notepad :
Step 1 : Open notepad :
Click on the Start menu and Navigate to All Programs=>Accessories =>Notepad. You can even open it by typing notepad in Run.
Step 2 : Type The Below Given Code :
Step 3 : Save You Document :
Go to File Menu and click on Save As option . In Type option select ” all types ” and save the file in “.vbs ” format i.e as ” OnlineCmag.vbs “ .
The Saved Application will be as below :
Step 4 : Execute your File :
Double-click on the the ” OnlineCmag.vbs ” icon to start the application. If everything went right then a pop up window will appear Or you will see an error message that shows which line of your program holds an error. Rectify the error shown. Then double-click again on the file to see whether everything is working as expected or not .
- fname=inputbox (” “) is a VBScript code that repeat your words.
- You must save the file only in ” .vbs ” Extension.
Today we are going to show you an easy way to create your own Countdown Timer program by using a simple text editor (Like notepad or notepad++ ) . Follow the steps below and have fun .
Steps To Create A Countdown Timer :
Step 1 : Open A New Text Document :
Right click on the desktop and select create a new text document option or just simply Open a Notepad.
Step 2 : Copy And Paste The Below Code :
Copy the below given code and Paste it on your notepad document .
Step 3 : Save The File :
Save this Notepad file As ” OnlineCmag.bat ” , but make sure that the file type is selected as ” All files ” and saved with ” .bat ” extension . Set the encoding to ” ANSI ” .
Step 4 : Execute The Saved File :
Now Run the file by just double clicking on the it . You will be asked to set the timer (In seconds ) .
That’s It . Share Your views or Doubts in form of comments…
Tools you can use
- Bulk Image Resizer
- HTML Table Generator
- Easy Image Resizer
- Percentage (%) Calculator
- Hex to RGB Converter
A basic CRUD operation requires data. CRUD stands for Create, Read, Update and Delete and these are four basic functions to manipulate data in a database. It can be any database. For my CRUD application, I am using data in a JSON object.
1) I have data stored in a JSON object (in my application). I’ll extract the data and display it in a dynamically created HTML table.
2) Each row has few more dynamically created HTML elements like buttons, textboxes and Dropdown Lists , to perform functions like, update, delete, save, create new and cancel.
3) Button’s and textboxes will have events attached, dynamically.
What does this Application Do?
The application is a Books inventory . It will show a list of books, in a distinct category with a price. See the above image. This Application allows users to Views the list, create or add new books to the existing list (database), update or edit a rows data and delete the data (the entire row).
Every transaction will affect an Array of JSON objects, a temporary database.
Now, lets create the app.
I have a global function named crudApp() , which has other functions for the CRUD operations to work.
First, I have declared an Array of JSON objects with values in myBooks . This is my data, with which I’ll work.
I have another JSON object array named category . I’ll use the category object to populate the SELECT dropdown lists, which I’ll add in every row of the table.
The list (or data) is displayed in an HTML table. Since I have not included the table element in the design mode, I’ll create the table dynamically using JSON data. To do this I have declared a function named createTable() .
Create an HTML Table Dynamically
1) The for loop extracts the values from the array myBooks for the table header and stores it in another array called col . I have used this array in many functions in this application.
2) While creating the table, I am adding (or attaching) few elements dynamically to each row of the table.
The first element is a label that shows a ✖ (lblCancel.innerHTML = ‘✖’) sign. The function of this label is like a button, to Cancel . Clicking this element will cancel the update function. Therefore, it has onclick event attached to it, which calls a function named Cancel() .
Similarly, I am creating and adding three buttons (input element of type button) with events and ids. Each has a function to save, update and delete .
You can add other features using the setAttribute() method.
3) Finally, I am completing the table creation part by adding a row at the end of the table, which will have two blank textboxes and a SELECT dropdown list, followed a button (Create) at the last column. This is for creating new data for the list.
Functions for CRUD Operation
I have five different functions to perform different operations. These functions are
1) this.Cancel () – This will cancel the update procedure. Every row of the table has an Update button. Clicking this button will show two more buttons, to cancel and to save. Clicking the cancel button will call the function this.cancel() that takes a parameter as the calling element.
Using the object’s reference, you can get the active row, its elements and values.
2) this.Update () – This functions is called when you click the Update button in any row. It only shows the input elements like textbox and a dropdown list with values. So now, you can edit the values in each cell of the selected row (except the first column).
In-addition, it will show the ✖ button (to cancel) and the Save button. See the image.
this.myBooks.splice((activeRow – 1), 1);
The splice() usually takes three parameters, explained here. I have provided two. The first parameter is the location in the array (that’s why I am using activeRow – 1), which I want to remove. The second parameter is the number of items (I’ve 1 ) that I want to remove from the array. Add the value 2 and see what happens.
4) this.Save() – This function will update or save the rows data in the Array. It is associated with Update operations. The Save option is activated when the user click’s the Update button in any row.
5) this.Create() – The last row has blank boxes and a button named Create at the last column. Clicking the Create button will call this function and it will add a new set of data in the exiting list inside the myBooks array.
The data that I have used in this application is a JSON array, a temporary data source. You can use a more dynamic database like SQL Server, and use Web API methods to manipulate data.
1.Understand what HTML is. HTML is the coding language that makes web-pages. To see what it looks like, go into IE and right-click to choose “View Source”. You will see a page of code, and that is HTML. That code is what your browser sees and then interprets it into as that web-page
In Internet Explorer, the VIEW menu option is “source”. In Mozilla Firefox, press [Ctrl]+U to view the page’s source code. In Safari, select View – View Source (or Option+Command+U).
2.Make your initial web page as simple as possible. If you don’t, you’ll likely get overwhelmed by the syntax and the script languages.
It’s important to remember that you’ll be writing your information between an opening HTML tag and a closing HTML tag. An opening tag looks like this: . A closing tag looks like this: . Eventually, the ___ is replaced with a code.
3.Go to Start, then “Programs” and then “Accessories.” Click “Notepad.”
4.Tell the browser what language you are using. Type . It is the first tag you write that tells the computer you’re starting a web-page. It will also be closed last, so at the end of the document, close it off by typing this : . This ends the web page.
5.Add the heading of the page as shown.
6.Give your page a title. A title is important because it gives your users an idea what the page is about. Also, when users bookmark your site, that title is all they will see in their bookmark list. The title for HTML code is . Close it off at the end of your title by writing The title is going to show on the tab don’t expect it to be the title of the actual website.
7.Work on the body of the page. Type to open the body tag. Then close the body tag by typing
The user interface, usability etc. of Notepad++ is much better than most of the programming language editors out there. For the beginners, Notepad++ helps to write HTML, C, C++, CSS etc. and professionals get help for writing other high end languages like ASP, JS. But, the problem lies here. Suppose, you have written a small piece of HTML code and want to check the preview in internet explorer. As Windows support only one version of Internet Explorer, you cannot check the preview in different versions like IE 10, IE 11 etc.
Rather than changing the user agent of your browser, here is a small trick that will assist you to check the preview of HTML in Notepad++ itself. You do not have to open any browser to preview HTML code. No matter if you have written a 20 lines code or 20k lines code, you can easily preview HTML in Notepad++.
Notepad++ comes with a lot of plugins support. This is where Notepad++ excels. By default, it comes with few must have plugins to do various things like ASCII to HEX conversion (& vice versa) etc. But, if you install other plugins, you can get more out of it. Today, I am going to use a third party plugin to preview HTML in Notepad++.
Obviously, you will get it for free and there is no hectic step to follow in order to install it. Meet Preview HTML, which will aid you to get things done. There are two methods to install it in Notepad++. You can use anyone of them.
Download and Install Preview HTML From Third Party Site
You can download the Preview HTML plugin from the corresponding plugin repository. Just head over to this site and click on plugin under Downloads section. Following that, unzip the folder and copy PreviewHTML.dll file.
Then, paste it to here,
C:\Program Files (x86)\Notepad++\plugins (For x64)
C:\Program Files\Notepad++\plugins (For x86)
Then, you can use Preview HTML plugin right from Plugins menu of Notepad++.
This is also possible to change the browser version. Just click on the edition and it will change automatically.
Install Preview HTML Using Plugin Manager
Notepad++ has a plugin manager that helps users to check plugins. You can install any plugin right from here. Therefore, click on Plugins >> Plugin Manager >> Show Plugin Manager. A popup will come out where you can find all the available plugins.
Just scroll down, find out Preview HTML, make a tick in the corresponding box and click on Install button. Within a few moments, Notepad++ will install this plugin and restart automatically. Following that, you can start using it.
Note: Most if the people make a silly mistake. They write HTML code and save it in .txt format by pressing Win + S. But, if you save file in TXT format, this Preview HTML plugin will not work. You have to save the file in .html format to get the preview.
Check out best online code editors here.
Best Code Editors For Programmers
If you need a code editor for your Windows operating system, you can check out this list-
Atom is one of the best code editors for Windows that you can download for free. No matter whether you want to write simple HTML/CSS or PHP, Java, etc. – everything is possible in Atom. The first noticeable thing about Atom is the user interface. It has a neat and clean UI that makes everything smooth and easy for a newbie. Like a standard code editor, it lets you open the entire codebase so that you can edit any file whenever needed. Download
If you like the concept of Atom but not the user interface, Brackets will be handy for you. It offers almost all the essential features and options that might be required for a coder. On the other hand, it allows you to write any code with syntax highlighting. The best thing is that you lets you check the preview in real-time so that you can make any change whenever needed. As Brackets is an open-source project, you can download the source code and modify it as per your requirements. Download
3] Sublime Text
If you are ready to spend some money to obtain the best-ever user experience, Sublime Text is probably the best option for you. No matter whether you work for a company or as a freelancer, you can use this code editing tool on your Windows 10 computer without any problem. Like other tools, it lets you open the entire codebase or the folder so that you can make all the changes accordingly. One of the best features about this tool is the search or find. Download
In this article, we are going to see some HTML web page examples with source code. We will also see some of the key points to learn how to create these web pages.
HTML Web Page Example 1
This is an example of a simple HTML web page that shows the profile of a professional camel.
Here is how camel profile is designed in HTML:
Container – The complete HTML web page is wrapped in a container. The container is a div element with the class container .
Header – In side the container, we have a header element that contains the logo and the navigation menu.
Aside – Aside contains the profile picture and other navigational links.
Main – The main element contains the profile information. Like the name, the career, the skills, the contact form, etc.
Here is the complete code of the camel profile:
Here is the result of the code above:
HTML Home Page Example 2
This is the second example of the HTML web page. This is a simple error 404 page which is shown when the user tries to access a page that does not exist.
This is a very simple webpage that shows the error 404 page on the screen and gives a link to return to the homepage.
To design an error 404 page you need to use the following steps:
- Create a div element that covers the whole page set height: 100vh .
- Give it a background image that suits the 404 error.
- Style your basic text and link elements with CSS.
Here is the result of the code in example 2.
We have learned how to create a basic HTML web page with 2 different examples. We have also learned how to create a basic CSS style sheet and how to use it on our HTML web page.
If you want a detailed explanation of a portfolio site then visit HTML code for homepage.
So assuming that you’ve just gone through the previous tutorial on how to make a web page, basically what you will do is edit your web page by adding HTML code and your own content to mypage.htm using Notepad (or any decent text editor). Then you will save your work by simply clicking on File » Save and then —keeping Notepad still open— switch your screen to Internet Explorer and click on Refresh to preview your latest changes. Then, keeping Internet Explorer still open, switch your screen back to Notepad again, do some more editing, save your work, switch back to Internet Explorer, click Refresh, preview, etcetera.
If later on, after you’ve finished and you’ve closed all the programs, you want to return to this Notepad/Internet Explorer editing setup, simply locate where you stored the .htm file that you wish to edit (in this example C:/Homepage/ mypage.htm ) and double-click on it to open it in Internet Explorer. Then, click on View » Source and Internet Explorer will use Notepad to open up your .htm file at the HTML source code level ready for more editing.
If you’re using another browser besides Internet Explorer, such as Firefox, clicking on View » Page Source will not open mypage.htm in Notepad but rather will just display the source code in the browser’s own built-in non-editable source code previewer. In this situation, to open mypage.htm in Notepad, return to the folder where the mypage.htm file is located (in this example C:/Homepage ), hold down the Shift key and then right click on mypage.htm . In the context menu that pops up, click on Open with. to access the Open With dialog. In the list of programs, locate and select Notepad and then, making sure that the Always use this program to open this type of file box is NOT CHECKED, click OK.
A good way to follow along with this tutorial would be to have three windows open on your computer desktop:
- This tutorial open in an Internet Explorer window or tab (or another browser).
- mypage.htm open in a second Internet Explorer window (or another browser).
- mypage.htm open in Notepad (or any plain text editor).
And, of course, it will probably help to resize the windows and then move them around on your desktop so that you can view all the windows simultaneously.
Now you may be thinking:
So I just copied some gobbledy-gook into Notepad, I saved it as an .htm file and it made a web page and it says ‘HELLO WORLD!’.
. MORE INFORMATION PLEASE. .
Alright. Let’s put the pedal to the metal and move on to learn about the basics of HTML tags.
Among the many things you do online in a single day, we bet that taking down a note or two is somewhere at the top of your list. Was it for research? Recording a reference number? Brainstorming? Whatever the reason, having a scratch pad at arm’s length is a necessity.
One trick that can solve that problem—turn your browser into a note pad. It may sound odd, but it’s entirely possible. For this tip, we tried it in Chrome, and we have to admit that this is a neat little trick everyone should have handy.
All you have to do is copy and paste this single line of code into your browser’s URL bar:
Then hit enter. Click on the blank tab window that shows up and start typing away. Testing it on the latest Chrome build, it worked out great. You can even bookmark the URL and call it up anytime for instant access.
Right off the bat, you can get a good idea of how this can make things easier for you while you’re on the web. As a writer, student or researcher, you can use this as a distraction free writing tool or quick text editor.
You don’t have to install a plugin or open another application. And without having to worry about any formatting frills, you can get in a good chunk of writing without having to leave the browser.
The one drawback, however, is that if you close the tab, you’ll lose all your notes. If you jot down reminders or to-do lists which you don’t need afterwards, then this shouldn’t be a problem. In fact, it may even be convenient as you can skip over the usual dialog reminding you to save the file.
But if you do need those notes, then you can easily save them before closing the tab. To do so, just use Chrome’s “Save page as…” function from the menu and save it as an HTML webpage. You should then be able to access the file in any browser.
If you hated the hassle of opening up a second app just to copy-paste or record something, try this out. This little trick will help simplify the process and speed things up.
Build better landing pages with HubSpot’s free landing page builder.
Your landing page matters. Get it right, and you can capture visitor information, deliver great content, and get them on the path to conversion. Get it wrong, and your site may still get seen — but it won’t drive sales.
As a result, it’s worth knowing what makes a great landing page, what you should avoid as you develop your website, and what options are available if you take on this task yourself.
We’ve got you covered: Here’s a quick look at how to create a landing page in HTML and CSS that visitors actually want to land on.
Why Build an HTML Landing Page?
The goal of any landing page is to drive visitor action. Visitors enter your website and see this page first to get more information about the product or service you’re offering. Your landing page then asks visitors to provide details such as name, email address, or phone number in exchange for some type of offer.
What you offer is up to you — whitepapers, ebooks, and newsletters are common. But, whatever it is, you need to make it valuable enough that visitors are willing to share their contact information for it and move to the next phase of your sales process.
The offer itself is the most important aspect of your landing page, but it’s not the only important part: The design of your landing page should be based on driving conversions too. To achieve a landing page that looks exactly how you want, it may be worth learning a bit of code.
If you’re a tech-savvy marketer, you’ve heard of HTML, short for Hypertext Markup Language. It’s the coding language that makes up web pages. With HTML and its sibling style language, CSS, you can build a landing page completely from scratch. Or, if using a website builder or CMS, you can extend your designs beyond what’s possible with drag-and-drop editing.
The idea of learning to code in order to build a simple landing page may seem intimidating, but don’t be discouraged. HTML is relatively simple to learn and, with some practice, you’ll be able to craft an effective landing page yourself.
HTML Landing Page Best Practices
Landing pages are designed to capture specific streams of traffic — a subset of your website visitors targeted by your marketing campaign. For example, if you’ve created a full-featured mobile fitness application that includes a monthly fee, your landing page might offer a free trial period for interested users.
With the right search engine optimization (SEO), your website brings in fitness-focused visitors. Then, your landing page captures potential customers by offering a free trial code when they share their contact information.
While your specific landing page layout will vary, here are a few high-level “do this, not that” recommendations to improve your impact:
- Make it clear, not complicated: Your unique selling position (USP) and call-to-action (CTA) should be front-and-center. Don’t go into depth or detail. Make it clear what you’re offering and what visitors need to provide in return.
- Make it clean, not cluttered: White space is your friend. Keep your landing page simple and clean with limited text and curated images for maximum impact.
- Test, don’t guess: As noted by Forbes, testing is critical to ensure your landing page captures leads. Design it, make it live, and then record the results. If it’s not working, make changes.
Also, watch this video for some additional tips on effective landing page design:
You’ve got a solid USP, a design vision, and a great CTA. Now, it’s time to build your landing page. We’ll be leveraging HTML to make the page display the exact text, images, and links you want, how you want them.
First, it’s important to note that HTML isn’t technically a programming language. It’s really a markup language that gives you control over the text, images, and links that appear on your webpage. Every HTML element is represented by tags, which are identified by angle brackets (<>). Some elements only need one tag, while others consist of two tags, an opening and a closing tag. The closing tag contains a forward slash (/).
Let’s see an example. Say you want to create a line of text that stands by itself as a paragraph on your landing page. Here’s the line:
“This is my landing page”
Here’s what it looks like in HTML:
” (paragraph) tag to create a paragraph element — the text between the opening and closing tag is paragraph text.
Other popular HTML tags include:
HTML works in conjunction with CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) to change the style of the elements on your landing page. With CSS, you can change specific things like background color, text color, and font type. These changes then “cascade” across all elements, allowing you to make changes that apply to your entire landing page at once.
How to Create a Landing Page in HTML
- Create the basic structure.
- Create a navigation bar.
- Stick the navbar to the top of the screen.
- Create a great background.
- Add some style.
The first thing you need to create a landing page in HTML is a text editor, as both HTML and CSS are written in plain text. If you don’t have one yet, check out our HTML and CSS editor recommendations before moving on.
If you’re using WordPress, you can also click on a specific block in the editor, click on the three dots and then select Edit as HTML. If you want complete control over your HTML elements, start by editing a page or post, then click on the three dots in the top-right corner of the editor and select Code Editor.
1. Create the basic structure.
To build an HTML landing page from the ground up, your best bet is using a simple HTML framework like Material Design for Bootstrap (MDB), available in both free and professional versions. A framework is essentially a collection of pre-written code that makes it easier to create in HTML. Rather than creating all elements from scratch, you can leverage a framework’s built-in elements to whip up landing pages more quickly.
Once you’ve downloaded and unzipped the MBD package, you’re ready to get started on your first landing page, which needs five key things: Basic structure, a navigation bar, a navbar class, a full-page background, and CSS styling. You’ll want to include some basic page elements:
a heading using the
to define paragraphs and CSS styles for color and font
- Create buttons to perform operations on text in div.
- Create textarea in div using textarea tag.
- Select elements using document.getElementById method.
Output Screen Image
There are many more functions you can add to this project like changing the font size, counting the number of letters, words inside the text area, changing font style, and many more. Do give that a try.
You can access the source code from Github and see a running example of this project by clicking here.
With what you learned in the previous lessons, you are now only minutes away from making your first website.
In Lesson 1 we looked at what is needed to make a website: a browser and Notepad (or similar text editor). Since you are reading this, you most likely already have your browser open. The only thing you need to do is to open an extra browser window (open the browser one more time) so you can read this tutorial and see your new website at the same time.
Also, open Notepad (in Accessories under Programs in the Start menu):
Now we are ready!
What can I do?
Let us start with something simple. How about a page that says: “Hurrah! This is my first website.” Read on and you’ll find out how simple it is.
HTML is simple and logical. The browser reads HTML like you read English: from the top down and from left to right. Thus, an simple HTML document begins with what should come first and ends with what should come last.
The first thing you need to do is to tell the browser that you will “talk” to it in the language HTML. This is done with the tag (no surprises there). So before you do anything else type ” ” in the first line of your document in Notepad.
As you may recall from the previous lessons, is an opening tag and must be closed with a closing tag when you are finished typing HTML. So to make sure you don’t forget the HTML close tag now type ” ” a couple of lines down and write the rest of the document between and .
The next thing your document needs is a “head”, which provides information about your document, and a “body”, which is the content of the document. Since HTML is nothing if not logical, the head ( and ) is on top of the body ( and
The objective of this exercise is to help you practice using HTML tags to code a basic web page.
Start by creating a new .html file in notepad.
Develop a basic web page using the HTML tags you learned in class. Try to make your page look different than the example HTML page that we developed during class. Include each of the following elements in ANY order:
- The correct html, head, and body tags
- Insert the following phrase, without the quotes, as your title tag: “HTML Beginner Exercise by
HTML Practice Exercises by Theresa B. Clarke is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License.
3 Comments on “HTML Practice Exercises”
I am teaching a high school computer science class. We are starting a unit on HTML. I would like to link to your exercises for use in class. Can you tell me if that is ok with you, and if it is, how to access the web page referred to in exercise 2.
You are welcome to provide a link to this exercise. In terms of the web page referred to in exercise 2, that is just a screen shot of a page created in HTML. It is not a live page. Let me know if you have any further questions.
Hi! this article is very helpful. Can you send me more exercises? thanks.
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The following HTML tricks will help you create dynamic websites that will wow visitors for years to come.
So feel free to copy, paste, tweak and play around with these cool HTML codes!
You can also consider hiring a freelance HTML expert to help.
1. Clickable maps
This cool HTML trick allows you to create a map with clickable areas that you can link to other parts of the document, or other web pages.
An example of this feature would be a world map that would take visitors to the different regions where your business has a presence.
The element will let you define the areas on an image that a visitor can click. Simply mention the corresponding X Y coordinates in the elements inside .
Here’s the code behind it:
Personal Portfolio Website
Reworked WooCommerce Shop
Website | GiftCard Company
WordPress Site for a Beverage Co.
2. Allow visitors to change background or text color
This HTML trick adds some fun iteractivity for your site’s visitors, by letting them select their own background and text color!
With just a little bit of cool HTML code you can now please all of the people, all of the time.
Here’s the code you will need:
If you’ve ever struggled to add a well-formatted table to display information or data on your site, then this HTML trick is for you.
Simply copy and paste data from your Excel, GSheets or or Calc into Tableizer – a simple web-based application – and it will generate an HTML code snippet to paste into your website code.
The result is a neat table where you can customize details like background colors.
4. Add Meta Data
This cool HTML trick might be the most important if you want your site to be seen.
The meta data as we’re discussing here is information about your site that you want search engines like Google to know about.
Using HTML, you can give Google a description of your site (which they may or may not use in the search entry for your site, but wil certainly use when categorizing it) as well as some keywords relevant to your site.
Don’t forget that Freelancer.com has tons of SEO experts who can help you with all facets of SEO, including back-end HTML tricks like this.
Meanwhile, the code for adding meta data is simple:
5. Hide Field
Reddit warriors have pointed out this example of “programming horror” in which a field for internal use is visible for the public to see.
This form is an example of amateurish programming, and you don’t want such an oversight on your website.
With this HTML trick, you get the option to hide fields.
The visitor can’t type anything into a hidden field, but it’s still there for internal use if you need it.
Here’s how it works:
From the code above, the resulting output will be a hidden field that visitors will not be able to see. The hidden field here will tell the form handler the users preferred English.
This lab project focues on HTML, Hypertext Mark-up Language, which is used to produce web pages. In the project, you will produce your own web page in basic HTML.
In the following pages, you are given an example which tells you how to build a web page. What you need to do is to write your own web page by choosing a specific topic, for example about you, your pet, someone you know, or an imaginary person.
Note to Macintosh users: be careful if you are going to work on a Apple/Mac machine. Even the app called TextEdit does NOT create plain text files unless you change a setting in the application.
Note that the file you turn in MUST have been typed in Notepad or a similar text editor, NOT DreamWeaver or FrontPage or Microsoft Word. The html that these apps generate is very distinctive. If we find that your file comes from one of these applications, you receive ZERO points.
If you are not sure about the contents of your file, open it with Notepad on a Windows machine. If it is readable and looks like what you typed in, you should be fine. If it has a LOT more stuff there than what you typed in, you have a problem. Consult with any TA or Dr. Keen.
Your web page must include following elements:
- a title
- at least two level headings
- at least one paragraph
- at least one list (ordered or unordered) with at least three list items
- at least one hyperlink to another web page
- at least two image, one regular size, one small for a thumbnail
- at least one image has a thumbnail (clickable image)
- at least one horizontal rule, with author and modification date, at the bottom of the web page
- at least one kind of normal text formatting (bold, italic or underline)
- at least one table, with at least 3 columns and 3 rows
NOTICE: YOUR WEB PAGE CANNOT CHOOSE THE EXACT SAME TOPIC AS THE FOLLOWING EXAMPLE. YOU MUST BUILD YOUR OWN WEB PAGE AND SUBMIT IT.
TIPS: Here are the detailed steps of creating a web page, which have been used to create the example web page “Pochi the cat”. You could follow them carefully to build your own web page by replacing your own contents. A good habit to develop early is to work on any project in small steps.
The example web page will look something like this, but we will add one feature at a time and check the result in a web browser after each step. Here is the source code for the example web page.
You should make sure all your tags are balanced if they are supposed to be. There are only a few tags which do not have ending tags, like hr and br.
Create a folder on your Desktop; name it yourname.
Part 1: Building your web page.
Table of Contents
- What is HyperText Markup Language (HTML)?
- What Are Elements And Tags?
- What Elements Does a Basic Web Page Contain?
- Common HTML Tags
- Tools to Create an HTML Page
- How To Create a Website Using HTML: Step-by-Step
- Step 1: In Your Code Editor, Define the Doctype as HTML
- Step 2: Add the HTML Tags
- Step 3: Add the Head and Body Tags
- Step 4: Add Headings and Paragraphs
- Step 6: Load the Website in Your Browser
This lesson will focus on how to create a website using HTML , teaching you the various elements of the markup language and how they come together to structure and create a simple web page.
What is HyperText Markup Language (HTML)?
HyperText Markup Language , or HTML for short, is a language that describes how webpages should be structured. HTML dictates what is the main body of content, and where pieces of text should go. In other words, HTML determines the display and order of content.
A website is simply a series of web pages, connected with internal links, buttons, text, and more — all of which are “elements.”
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a language. HTML and CSS go hand-in-hand, as, after all, you don’t want a web page that looks like this:
This was created using just HTML — no CSS.
But we’ll leave the design capabilities of CSS for a later tutorial. Let’s move on to an important part of HTML: elements and tags.
What Are Elements And Tags?
The entire HTML document simply consists of a series of elements. These elements are, in most cases, defined by both an opening and a closing tag. For example, the first element you create will be:
The HTML element is the root element of that page and is defined with the opening tag and the closing tag .
Closing tags are defined by putting a forward slash in front of the element name. Some elements don’t have a closing tag — these are called singleton tags. A common example is , which displays an image from a source on the web page.
What Elements Does a Basic Web Page Contain?
If you want to know how to make a web page, you’ll need to know what elements you need to include. Technically, all you need to start creating a web page is the simplest of HTML elements. A basic HTML page will always be your starting point for creating a website.
Most HTML pages have a set of common components, which are created using the elements we mentioned earlier. These components are usually the following:
- Navigation bar
- Main content
For the demo that we’re going to practice today, we’ll focus on creating a page with just a body of content.
To summarize, every website you develop will contain the following elements:
- HTML tags
- Head tags (not to be confused with headings!)
- Body tags
- Headings (
In this exercise, we’ll make use of all of these elements to create a simple web page that displays textual information. We’ll learn more about these elements throughout the exercise.
Common HTML Tags
It’s worth knowing some of the most common HTML tags, as you’ll use them often in your quest to learn how to create a website. Don’t worry if you’re not sure how to use some of these yet; it’s just useful for reference and, of course, you can always google these (and that’s encouraged) when you need to. It’ll soon become second nature.
The following are some of the most used tags:
- . : The root of the document, specifies the document as HTML
- . : Contains metadata about the document, including the style, scripts, character set and title, among other things
and how to fix the problem for files already saved
On occasion, I get questions like “I created a file called xyz.php or xyz.html using Notepad, and after uploading it to my website and testing it with my browser, I get a 404 File Not Found error. What do I do?” Another variant of this question is “I tried to save my file as xyz.pl but when I uploaded it to my website, I can only find xyz.pl.txt . How do I get the file to be xyz.pl ?” This brief article explains how you can solve this type of problem.
Ruling Out the Obvious: Make Sure You Uploaded to the Right Place
If it’s a “File Not Found” error that you have, before we proceed to fixing the problems created by Notepad, it is important to first eliminate the possibility that you uploaded the file to the wrong directory.
Simply connecting to your website via your FTP program and uploading the file into the directory you first connect to is probably going to place your file in the wrong location.
Web servers are configured so that they serve files only from certain locations. They don’t, for example, display your email from your mail folders for all to see. Typically, on your web hosting account, you have to upload your files into a directory called “www” or “public_html”. Find out from your web host where you need to upload your files so that they will be displayed correctly.
If you have checked and know for sure that you have not committed this error, move on to the next section.
How to Fix the Problem Created by Notepad
The other possible reason for the error is Notepad. Notepad, up to the current version, has the practice of adding a “.txt” extension to your files even when you don’t specify it. So if you give your file a name of ” xyz.html “, Notepad will change the name to ” xyz.html.txt ” without informing you. Compounding this problem is Windows Explorer’s policy of not telling you the full filename of your files. Hence if you use Explorer to check the file, it will only show ” xyz.html “.
If you have already saved your file, the best way to solve this is to first force Explorer to always show you the file extension, and then change the filename to the correct one. This is good practice anyway, since always being able to see the full filename probably improves your system’s security — you’ll be less likely to be tricked by all those scams asking you to click a file that appears to be a picture but is actually a program.
On Windows, click the Start menu, and type “folder options” (without the quotes), and click the “Folder Options” line that appears near the top of the Start menu. Click the “View” tab in the dialog box that appears. Look for a setting “Hide file extensions for known file types” and uncheck the box beside it to disable it. Then click the “OK” button at the bottom of the dialog box. (If your version of Windows does not seem to behave as I describe here, or the steps are too vague, see the more detailed instructions in my full tutorial on this.)
You should now be able to see your file as its true name, be it ” xyz.php.txt ” or ” xyz.html.txt ” or whatever. Now click once on the filename. Explorer will now allow you to change the filename. If this is not true, select the filename and hit the F2 key on the keyboard. Delete the “.txt” extension, leaving the filename as ” xyz.php ” (without the quotes) or ” xyz.html “. Make sure there are no trailing dots or spaces — that is, make sure the filename is really ” xyz.php ” and not ” xyz.php. ” with a trailing dot or the like.
When you hit the ENTER key, Windows will issue a warning about the dangers of changing filenames. Allow the name change to take place.
While this fixes the problem, read the next section to find out how you can avoid having to repeatedly do this in future, every time you use Notepad.
How to Avoid the Automatic “.txt” Extension Problem in Notepad in Future
When you want to force Notepad to save, say, ” xyz.php ” without a ” .txt ” extension, save it as ” xyz.php “, including the quotation marks, in the Save As dialog box. When you include the quotes, Notepad will save the file with the xyz.php name literally, without adding any additional extensions.
Alternatively, you may prefer to get a better text editor. There are numerous free ones on the Free Programmer’s Text Editors page. Don’t be intimidated about the “programmer’s editor” bit. Despite its grandiose name, programmers’ editors are simple text editors with additional features to make it easier to work with than Notepad.
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10 cool HTML games
A list of pretty cool games, make sure to check out the source to understand how they work. Before we start, we should mention the popular HTML5 game agario unblocked. Agario is very addicting and funny to play with friends game.
1. The Convergence
Control two characters at the same time and try to let them meet. The hard part is that they walk in opposite directions, so you’ll need some coordination to open the doors. Play!
2. Sketch out
Defend your planet against incoming meteorites. Fight back and bounce the projectiles straight into the enemy sphere. Play!
3. Free Rider HD
Addicting simple game where you race with a stick figure in levels designed by other users. Play!
Your hero has fallen into a sinkhole and has a broken arm. You have to try to get him out of the sinkhole before his torche’s batteries run out. Play!
5. Game Boy emulator
Not exactly a game, but a game emulator that gives you access to old games that you’ve probably missed. Time to replay some Zelda, Megaman, Mario, Kirby,… Play!
6. Project Blaze Zero
A shoot-em-up with cool isometric 3D graphics. Pretty intense if you ask me. Play!
7. Geometry Wars
A game created by Kevin Roast. Fly with your geometric figure and shoot around. Play!
8. Command & Conquer
This is a recreation of the original Command and Conquer, a popular real time strategy game. Play!
9. Frozen Defence 2
A pretty entertaining tower defence game. Play!
My favorite game in the list and the one with the most creative gameplay (in my opinion). Type the words that are coming down to shoot them. Best way to practice your typing. Play!
Building HTML5 games
Enough inspiration, now it’s time to get started with what’s under the hood and how to proceed to create a game.
Physics for lazy game developers
For those who, like me, have been sleeping through physics classes and forgot pretty much everything about basic physics principles. This page is a good reminder about what you need to know in physics for game development.
A simple game with HTML5 Canvas by Michal Budzynski
A great serie of tutorials that walks you through the creation of a simple Doodle Jump clone.
5 tips for your HTML5 games
A presentation by Ernesto Jimenez to make you aware of a few important things you’ll need to know when creating HTML5 games. The presentation on Slideshare.
Developing Your First HTML5 Game
Some tools to help you build your HTML5 game
Why bother recreating what’s been done well before you? These tools should help you to create your HTML5 games faster.
Jukebox by Zynga
The Jukebox is a component for playing sounds and music with the usage of sprites with a special focus on performance and cross-device deployment. Download on Github.
A tool to build multi-platform optimized HTML5 games. They also let you import your old flash games. Try it.
Game engines table on github
A drag-and-drop tool to create your HTML5 games easily. And it’s free!
And if you are looking for a place to host your games, visit Top5Hositng. They have reviews of the better hosts out there.
About the Author
Mirko Humbert is the editor-in-chief and main author of Designer Daily and Typography Daily. He is also a graphic designer and the founder of WP Expert.
Designer Daily is a place for designers to find inspiration, resources, and thoughts that will be useful to their daily work. It is maintained by Mirko Humbert, a Swiss graphic and web designer. More info.
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