How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Making a perfect circle without tracing is extremely hard. Even the best of artists cannot draw a perfect circle without tracing. Thankfully, for most of us, there are ways through which you can easily draw a circle without tracing it.

There are specific tricks and tools which can help you draw a perfect circle and you can use them in order to create the perfect circle.

Others are Reading

  • How to Identify Moroccan Polm Hash
  • How to Paint Porcelain Ornaments

Instructions

    font-size: 13px !important;color: #474747;text-align: justify;line-height: 21px;” >

Compass

The first trick is to use a compass. It is an instrument which is specifically designed to draw circles. It is extremely convenient and once you get the hang of it, it is not difficult to use. First, you need to put the pencil inside the compass and then eventually align the pencil with the pin of the compass and draw a circle just as big as you want it to be. This is the easier of the two tricks which can be used, besides tracing, in order to draw a perfect circle.

Two Pencils

The second trick is to use two pencils. The compass is not the only way out for your problems. There are other ways in which you can draw a perfect circle as well. You can use two pencils in order to draw a perfect circle, but in this trick you have to be extremely careful as you will have to work hard and make sure that you do not make any mistakes.

You have to start off by holding the two pencils in the same manner as you would hold a compass. The only difference is that in the compass one pencil gets fixed to the instrument and things become easy, but when it comes to drawing a circle with two pencils, both the pencils are mobile and you will have to be sure that your hand does not shake a lot.

After you have firmly gripped the two pencils and one is right at the centre, and the other is at the side, use the pencil on the side to draw a perfect circle. Make sure that the radius of the circle remains the same and you do not mess with it and do not move your hand too much. It is relatively difficult to make a circle through this technique. Therefore, it is advised that you use a compass in order to draw a circle without tracing it.

Kevin wants to lay out a circle. He looked around and found several items he could trace around, but none of them was the right size.

So what do you do? If you happen to have a compass, that will work. Kevin shows a welding compass that holds a piece of soapstone for marking on metal. You can just set it to whatever size you want. Measure across the ends with your tape measure for half of the distance so you can make the whole circle.

But what happens if the compass isn’t big enough? You can always get a bigger compass. Kevin shows how he taped a metal marking pen to one side of a large compass, but you can tape on any kind of marker. You set up your compass, get your distance right, and lay out your circle.

What happens if you don’t have a compass? Find a ball of string or really any kind of string. Do you have a pair of boots? Take out the bootlaces, tie them together.

You also need an anchor in the middle of your circle. Kevin shows a rare earth magnet. He keeps them around for holding down plans. They’re great for drawing circles, because you can just stick them to a piece of metal.

(Kevin then explains the piece of paper he set the rare earth magnet on: it’s so he can get the magnet back off the table again!)

Take a string, tie it right around the magnet, and get half of your distance. Keep your marker absolutely vertical. Keep the string nice and tight – not so tight that you pull it loose, not so tight that you move the magnet, lose the marker, whatever, but just keep some tension on it and you can draw all the way around your circle. Mark out out your circle as the string rotates around the center magnet as you go. And you wind up with a perfect circle.

What if you don’t have a rare earth magnet? What if you don’t have any kind of magnet? You’re working on a piece of steel. You can’t put a nail in it, but you could drill a hole in the middle, put a screw in it, and use that as your center point.

If you don’t want a hole, do you have a bucket or anything round the string could slip around that you could fill with sand or rocks? You could yell for the wife to stand on the center piece to hold it down. That’s all you need! Things you have around the house. Just find the tool that you need.

Sharon from Delaware, Kevin appreciates the question and hope this free how to video answers it for you.

Kevin really appreciates you watching. Please hit that “like” button, and he’ll see you next time.

Before you go, though, see him demonstrate how do what he says, not what he does ….

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The circle is, in my humble opinion, the Queen of the geometric shapes. Don’t get me wrong; I like all those squares, rectangles, triangles, octagons, and whatnot; but the circle is the coolest of the bunch: smooth and pretty and endlessly useful. However, trying to draw a perfect circle without a pattern is a challenge, and figuring out the proper size of an opening into which a circle can be inserted requires working with Pi (or π), which is not the delicious kind you can eat with a bit of ice cream. We’re here today to help you with the steps you’ve forgotten since high school geometry class (or maybe never learned because you were too busy passing notes with Susan Ellery!). We’ll show you the parts of a circle, how wide to cut fabric to fit a circle, and how to draw a circle without a pattern. We’ve also included a handy conversion from decimals to inches, which is necessary when working with Pi.

Let’s start with remembering what all the parts of a circle are called and how Pi (π) fits into the mix.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Radius: the distance from the center of the circle to the outside edge

Diameter: the distance across a circle through its center point

Circumference: the distance around the outer edge of a circle

π or Pi: the name given to the ratio of a circle’s circumference to its diameter, expressed as the decimal 3.14

If you know the diameter of your circle, you can use a standard formula to figure out the width of the fabric cut needed to make a tube. That width is the circumference of the circle that will be inserted into the tube (we have a great step-by-step tutorial on how to insert a circle into a tube).

The formula: 3.14 (π) x diameter = circumference

Example: You want a finished 12″ diameter base (a 12″ diameter circle) in a duffle bag.

3.14 x 12 inches = 37.68 inches

(This works with the metric system as well: 3.14 x 30 cm = 94.2 cm)

An important step many people miss at this point is forgetting to add extra (to both pieces) for the seam allowance . If you use a standard ½” seam allowance , you need to add 1″ to the diameter of your circle ( the diameter increases by double the seam allowance ) and 1″ to the width of your fabric (½” for both sides of the seam allowance ). In our example, that means:

The circle should start as 13″ in diameter.

The fabric should be 38.68″ in width

The height of your fabric cut is variable and dependent on your project. For example, a tall duffle bag might be 30″ in height whereas a shorter bucket might be only 10″.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

If you are using Pi, remember it always returns a decimal number. If you already deal with the metric system, you rock – no conversion necessary.

For those of us in the world of inches, you need to find a yardage conversion.

In our example we have 38.68 inches. Harumph! The table below will give you a close-enough ruler match.

The decimal .68 is closest to .63 or ⅝”. We can use 38⅝” as the width of the fabric piece you are cutting for your tube.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

If you have a supply of large compasses, you’re in luck, and can easily draw yourself all sizes of circles. But you can also easily make your own compass to draw a circle.

To start, you need to know how big you want your circle (the diameter). For our ongoing example, we want a 13″ diameter circle

To draw a circle you need to know its radius. As you learned above in the first section, the radius is one half of the diameter. In our example, one half of 13″ is 6½”.

The full circle method

  1. Use a sheet of lightweight paper (graph or pattern paper works well) that is at least 1″ larger all around than the circle you want to draw.
  2. Cut a piece of string about 4″ – 5″ longer than your radius. We used a 10″ length of string.
  3. Tie one end of the string to a short pencil.
  4. Place the point of the pencil toward the outer edge of the paper with enough room from the edge to make a full sweep.
  5. Measure from where the point of the pencil touches the paper backwards by the length of the radius (in this case 6½”).
  6. Pin directly through the string into the paper at that exact point.
  7. Keeping the string taut, draw a perfect circle using your homemade compass.How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The folded quarters method

  1. Again, start with a square of lightweight paper at least 1″ larger than the circle you want to draw.
  2. Fold the paper into quarters. Make sure your original square is even and true! Position the paper with its folded edges along the bottom and left side and the open edges along the top and right side .
  3. Place a see-through ruler at the exact center of the bottom left corner of your folded square. Swing the ruler from the top to the bottom of the square, like a pendulum or compass, measuring and marking a dot at the 6½” point in three to four spots. You are creating a semi-circle arc. Make sure the end of the ruler at the corner point doesn’t shift position.
    How to create a perfect circle without tracing
  4. Cut along the arc through all the layers and unfold the finished 13″ circle. You can now use this paper pattern to cut your fabric circle.

With your spiffy new circle, you can now sew the side seam in the main fabric cut. Then pin the base to the resulting tube and sew the tube to the circle using a ½” seam allowance . The result is a 12″ diameter finished base.

As mentioned above, for more on this technique, see our tutorial: How to Insert a Flat Circle Into a Tube.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Despite the mythical prowess of Leonardo da Vinci, most of us mere mortals can’t draw a mathematically perfect circle by hand – but it’s possible to do with GIMP, even if you can’t draw at all with a pencil.

Now before you start getting cheeky, I’m going to just openly admit that *I* am one of those people who can’t draw by hand at all. I’ve come to the graphics world through photography and design rather than the more traditional fine arts, so please forgive my complete lack of drawing skills 😉

GIMP doesn’t have something as simple as a Circle tool like you can find in Inkscape or Illustrator, but that doesn’t mean you’ve got to channel the legendary (and probably apocryphal) skill of a Renaissance man just to draw a mathematically perfect circle.

Two Quick Methods to Draw a Circle in GIMP

Here are the two fastest and simplest methods to draw a circle in GIMP:

1. The Paintbrush Method

Step 1: Select the Paintbrush tool from the toolbox, or use the shortcut P.

Step 2: In the Tool Options panel, set the Size option to whatever size you want your circle to be, and then set the Hardness option to 100.

Step 3: Click once anywhere on your image to draw your perfect circle.

2. The Ellipse Select Method

Step 1: Switch to the Ellipse Select tool from the toolbox, or use the shortcut E.

Step 2: Hold down the Shift key to lock the selection into a circle, and click and drag to create your circular selection.

Step 3: Switch to the Bucket Fill tool using the toolbox or use the shortcut Shift + B, and click anywhere inside your selection to fill it with the currently-selected foreground color.

I can’t choose which of these two methods is easier, so it’s up to you to choose which one fits best with your personal style and workflow.

The Paintbrush method might be slightly faster, but the Ellipse Select method gives you a lot of extra flexibility – and you can reposition it if you don’t place it perfectly right away.

What About The Paths Tool?

In a couple of the other drawing tutorial posts, I’ve recommended using the Paths tool to create reusable stencils for your drawings. You can definitely do the same thing for drawing circles, but it’s not nearly as effective because ensuring that your path is actually a perfect circle can quickly become a tedious and time-consuming process.

Instead of wasting your time fiddling around with Bezier curve handles, you can use a modified version of the Ellipse Select method to create a reusable path for you! This option is definitely the most time-consuming, but it also gives you a perfectly circular stencil you can use for a range of purposes.

Follow the first two steps as described above to create a perfectly circular selection, but when you get to Step 3, do not use the Bucket Fill tool. Instead, look for the Paths panel, usually located in the bottom right corner of the GIMP interface.

It’s located in a tabbed window within the Layers panel, but if it’s not visible you can bring the Layers panel back using the shortcut Ctrl + L. You can also recover the panel by opening the Windows menu, selecting Dockable Dialogs, and clicking Layers.

Along the bottom of the Paths panel, find the button labeled Selection to path (see the highlighted button above). This will convert your selection into a set of Bezier curves automatically, without you having to fiddle around trying to get all the handles positioned properly

Optionally, you can hold down the Shift key while you click Selection to path to get access to some advanced settings that control how GIMP creates your new paths, but as you can see below, they’re not kidding when they say ‘advanced’. For our purposes, the default settings are fine.

GIMP will calculate the shape of your selection and draw a path, which appears as a new entry in the Paths panel named Selection by default, but you can rename it to something easier to remember like Circle Stencil.

Cancel the Ellipse Select marquee by pressing Ctrl + Shift + A (Command + Shift + A on a Mac), or open the Select menu and choose Select None. You can then switch to the Paths tool using the toolbox or by pressing the shortcut B to see how GIMP has constructed it.

With the Paths tool active, select your path in the Paths panel and hold down the Alt key (use the Option key on macOS) to move it around your image as needed.

Once you’re happy with its location, it’s time to apply a stroke or fill to the path to create your actual circle. In the Tool Options panel, you’ll see that the Paths tool has a few extra features that make this longer process worth it for the extra flexibility.

If you want to fill your circle completely, choose the Fill Path option. GIMP will show you a simple dialog box that lets you choose between filling your circle with the currently selected foreground color or the currently selected pattern in the Patterns panel (located in a tabbed dock next to the Brushes panel).

If you’d rather have an outlined circle, choose the Stroke Path option. This has a few more options than the Fill Path route, but that extra flexibility lets you set all the characteristics of your line, even creating your outline with a pattern.

But most importantly, you can also set the stroke to use any of GIMP’s brush tools from the trusty paintbrush to the Dodge/Burn tool used for local contrast adjustments. This lets you create perfect circles that look hand-painted thanks to the brush effects – and once you’ve got the stencil set up the first time, it’s to move them around and reuse them!

A Final Word

I often say that there are many ways to accomplish the same result in the world of digital graphics, but few examples showcase the fact more effectively than something basic like drawing a circle in GIMP. It would be nice if there was a simple Circle tool, but you’ll have to look to a program like Inkscape if you want things to be that neat and easy.

Do you have a favorite method for drawing circles in GIMP that I’ve left out of this guide? Let me know in the comments and I’ll take a look!

Introduction: How to Cut a Perfect Circle the Easy Way

This is my first Instructables project. I’m really using it as a test of the submission process. Apparently you can write a lot here

See below for a list of required supplies:

  1. piece of paper
  2. sharpened pencil
  3. pair of scissors
  4. a can of emergency drinking water
  5. a calculator – just kiddling! You don’t need a calculator. This is the easy method.

Step 1: Drawing the Circle

Place your emergency can of water on the paper and trace with your sharpened pencil. Easy peasy. Check out the nifty video.

Step 2: Remove the Can O Water

That’s all you have to do. See the perfect circle that you’ve drawn.

Step 3: Time to Cut

Work those scissors. All you have to do is follow the line you made in the earlier step.

Be careful now! Don’t cut yourself.

Step 4: Look, Mom! All Done.

That’s all it takes. Now you have a perfect circle. With a little practice you could be cranking two or more of these out a minute! Think of the possibilities.

Some suggestions for making this project your own:

  1. Try colored paper!
  2. Try different size circles. Just find something bigger or smaller to trace!
  3. Try some different shaped objects. Let your imagination go wild!

Be the First to Share

Did you make this project? Share it with us!

Shared on December 15 6 Comments

Note: Some links in this post are affiliate links, which means I receive a commission if you make a purchase. Affiliate relationships include, but are not limited to, Bluehost, Amazon Associates, and StudioPress.

I think I’m more excited today than I was when I first unveiled my heart shaped templates on the blog.

Today I have a ton of different FREE printable circle templates you can print out!

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

What’s so cool about these is they have limitless potential.

I feel like I need circle shapes for projects about once month.

I’ve already used them in about 7 different craft projects, and I can think of about 100 other ways to use them.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Free Printable Circle Templates

I decided to make my own different sized circles because I often find myself grabbing random circular objects like a mug or plastic lid to serve as a template for craft projects.

Now I can just pull up the exact size tracing template I need instead of scrounging around for a make-do circle pattern!

These shapes are free to download and print.

Just make sure you PIN one of the images on this page (using the red Pinterest button at the top of the page) as reminder where you found these circle shapes!

You’ll be needing them over and over again!

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Extra Large Circle Shape to Cut Out

Sometimes you just need a super large circle template.

This 7-inch cut out prints on a full size sheet of paper.

Just click on the image to download it in PDF format and save it to your computer:

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

2 Large Circles on One Page

If your project calls for a slightly smaller circle shape, this second set is two large patterns that print out on a single page of page. They are 5″ in diameter.

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Medium Circle Stencils

If you have a project that calls for several of the same pattern over and over, here’s a full page of medium sized circles.

This download has two 4-inch circles for any time you need a round tracing template.

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Six Small Circles on One Page

Here is a set of 6 three-inch small- to medium-sized circle shape outlines.

My kids and I have used these shapes over and over to create fun crafts and labels. The uses are really endless!

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Tiny Circle Outlines – Printable Dots

Perhaps my favorite printable of them all is this one.

It’s a set of 12 printable tiny circles with a 2″ diameter.

My friend, Saira, pointed out that these would be perfect for any project that requires polka dots or large pieces of confetti.

I’m thinking they’d be perfect for New Year’s Eve or even inside a pinata. I love them!

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Variety of Circles – Four Different Sizes on One Page

Finally, I have a single sheet of paper that contains four different circle sizes.

Sometimes I don’t know exactly what size I need before I start a project. This sheet is perfect for that.

They’re labeled in inches so you can easily find the size you need.

(click on image to download)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Projects for Circle Stencils – Polka Dots, Round Labels, Confetti

Here are ways I have used these circle templates or imagine I might use them in the near future:

  • Use the small circles for any project that requires polka dots
  • Use the small circles for confetti style poster backgrounds
  • Use the medium rounds for jar labels or chalkboard labels of any kind
  • Use the large round shapes as stencils for cutting round pictures for scrapbooks
  • Simple cutting, tracing, or drawing quiet time activity for toddlers
  • A cute circular birthday party banner
  • As a base for a cute homemade Christmas ornament
  • Print a stack of the medium sized 3″ or 4″ circles and use them in place of notepads
  • Unique birthday or Christmas gift tag labels
  • Outline for cake decorating as a guide for applying sprinkles or colored sugar
  • Tracing circle patterns for a craft or sewing project
  • Print them out on colored card stock like this to create colorful large or small dots – instant red, yellow, pink green, blue, purple, orange or black circles! So many uses for a variety of projects. Even better, print out these patterns on GOLD card stock to create gorgeous decorations.

There are SOOO many more ways to use these printable circle stencils. What will you use them for?

Need Other Free Printable Shapes?

Here are a few other cutouts you might like:

This collection of free printable circle templates has multiple sizes of circle pattern from 1″ up to 16″.

Raise your hand if you’ve ever gone around your kitchen measuring bowls trying to find one that was just the right size for a project! With these free printable circle templates, you won’t have to do that any more.

Today I’m sharing a crazy large variety of circle stenicls, as well as tips for how to use these circle printables, that will save you a lot of time and hassle in the future!

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

This post may include affiliate links, which means I may make a commission on purchases made through these links at no additional cost to you.

Circle punches

Before we get into the circle templates, I want to let you know that the smallest circle is 1″.

If you need to make just a few circles smaller than that, try scaling down the print out.

For example, for 1/2″ circles, simply print at 50%.

If you need to make a lot of circle cut outs, look for a circle punch . I’ve done a whole lot of crafting in my life – trust me when I say you do not want to cut out a zillion tiny circles by hand!

Even a 1″ size becomes pretty tedious to cut out in quantity! If you think you’ll need a lot of 1″ circles, I really recommend just getting a circle punch.

  • Punches a precise 1-inch diameter circle
  • Use with other nesting punches to create perfectly graduating layers
  • Perfect for scrapbooks, cards, decorations and any paper craft

You can also find larger circle punches.

I’ve used my 2″ punch a lot of homemade gift tags over the years. It probably isn’t worth if for a one-off project where you just need a few circles, but if you anticipate cutting a lot of circles for projects, a DIY wedding, etc., it is totally worth a few dollars.

  • ❤️Quality Material:These round hole punches is made of ABS shell and alloy blade which is durable and sturdy. The bottom is made of a transparent.
  • ❤️Craft punch Size:5/8″-6cm(L)x4.9cm(H)x3.5cm(W); 1″-7cm(L)X5.6cm(H)x4.5cm(w);2″-11cm(L)X7cm(H)x6.6cm(w); Punch out size by diameter; Ergonomic.
  • ❤️ Easy to Use And Creat Your Imagination Easy to operate, put the paper under the punch hole, need gentle press, then you will get a beauty.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Table of Contents

Ways to use circle outline templates

There are a lot of ways to use these printable circle patterns! Here are just a few:

  • Use them patterns to make your own reusable beeswax wrap .
  • Grab your sewing machine and stitch them to make a sewn circle garland.
  • Don’t have a sewing machine? Fold circles in half over a piece of baker’s twine and glue them to create a cute and super easy bunting!
  • Use smaller circles as homemade game pieces or play money.
  • Use several sizes of circle for kid’s crafts like a circle penguin, circle frog, or caterpillar.
  • Cut a circle out to create a circle pattern for stenciling.

Large & extra large circle patterns

Please note that these templates are for personal and classroom use. You are not licensed to redistribute or sell the files or printouts to others for their use. Simply refer your friends and coworkers to this post so they can download their own copies. Thank you.

Please make sure to follow the links to download at the PDF printable circles. Do not right click and save the images – they are very low resolution and will not print well. You may need to authorize downloads from Dropbox if asked for permission.

Many home printers today can print with margins as small as 1/4″ (a lot of printers geared towards printing photos can even print borderless .)

Assuming you can print with a .25″ margin, this large circle template should be 8″ across. If you have to print with larger margins, the circle will be slightly smaller.

Download the large 8″ circle template

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Need a bigger circle? No problem!

This template creates a circle up to 10 inches across! Cut it out, trace it, then flip the template to create the second half of the circle. You can also print two and tape them together, if you prefer.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Still not big enough for you? This circle is an enormous 16″!

Only one quarter of it fits on the page, so I highly recommend printing at least two copies and taping them together.

Printing four copies and taping them together to form a circle will lead to more accurate results. Enjoy your extra large circle template!

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Medium and small circle template & circle shapes to cut out

For your convenience, I created circle templates all the way from 1″ to 8″ in .5″ increments. I’ve seen people other places asking for 2.5″ circles, 3.5″ circles, and other half sizes, so I hope you enjoy these circle shapes.

Graphing a Circle

Graphing circles requires two things: the coordinates of the center point, and the radius of a circle. A circle is the set of all points the same distance from a given point, the center of the circle. A radius, r , is the distance from that center point to the circle itself.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

On a graph, all those points on the circle can be determined and plotted using ( x , y ) coordinates.

Table Of Contents

  1. Graphing a Circle
  2. Circle Equations
    • Center-Radius Form
    • Standard Equation of a Circle
  3. Using the Center-Radius Form
  4. How To Graph a Circle Equation
  5. How To Graph a Circle Using Standard Form

Circle Equations

Two expressions show how to plot a circle: the center-radius form and the standard form. Where x and y are the coordinates for all the circle’s points, h and k represent the center point’s x and y values, with r as the radius of the circle

Center-Radius Form

The center-radius form looks like this:

Standard Equation of a Circle

The standard, or general, form requires a bit more work than the center-radius form to derive and graph. The standard form equation looks like this:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

In the general form, D , E , and F are given values, like integers, that are coefficients of the x and y values.

Using the Center-Radius Form

If you are unsure that a suspected formula is the equation needed to graph a circle, you can test it. It must have four attributes:

  1. The x and y terms must be squared
  2. All terms in the expression must be positive (which squaring the values in parentheses will accomplish)
  3. The center point is given as ( h , k ) , the x and y coordinates
  4. The value for r , radius, must be given and must be a positive number (which makes common sense; you cannot have a negative radius measure)

The center-radius form gives away a lot of information to the trained eye. By grouping the h value with the x x – h 2 , the form tells you the x coordinate of the circle’s center. The same holds for the k value; it must be the y coordinate for the center of your circle.

Once you ferret out the circle’s center point coordinates, you can then determine the circle’s radius, r . In the equation, you may not see r 2 , but a number, the square root of which is the actual radius. With luck, the squared r value will be a whole number, but you can still find the square root of decimals using a calculator.

Which are center-radius form?

Try these seven equations to see if you can recognize the center-radius form. Which ones are center-radius, and which are just line or curve equations?

  1. x – 2 2 + y – 3 2 = 16
  2. 5 x + 3 y = 6
  3. x + 1 2 + y + 1 2 = 25
  4. y = 6 x + 2
  5. x + 4 2 + y – 6 2 = 49
  6. x – 5 2 + y + 9 2 = 8.1
  7. y = x 2 + – 6 x + 3

Only equations 1, 3, 5 and 6 are center-radius forms. The second equation graphs a straight line; the fourth equation is the familiar slope-intercept form; the last equation graphs a parabola.

How To Graph a Circle Equation

A circle can be thought of as a graphed line that curves in both its x and y values. This may sound obvious, but consider this equation:

Here the x value alone is squared, which means we will get a curve, but only a curve going up and down, not closing back on itself. We get a parabolic curve, so it heads off past the top of our grid, its two ends never to meet or be seen again.

Introduce a second x -value exponent, and we get more lively curves, but they are, again, not turning back on themselves.

The curves may snake up and down the y -axis as the line moves across the x -axis, but the graphed line is still not returning on itself like a snake biting its tail.

To get a curve to graph as a circle, you need to change both the x exponent and the y exponent. As soon as you take the square of both x and y values, you get a circle coming back unto itself!

Often the center-radius form does not include any reference to measurement units like mm, m, inches, feet, or yards. In that case, just use single grid boxes when counting your radius units.

Center At The Origin

When the center point is the origin ( 0 , 0 ) of the graph, the center-radius form is greatly simplified:

For example, a circle with a radius of 7 units and a center at ( 0 , 0 ) looks like this as a formula and a graph:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How To Graph A Circle Using Standard Form

If your circle equation is in standard or general form, you must first complete the square and then work it into center-radius form. Suppose you have this equation:

x 2 + y 2 – 8 x + 6 y – 4 = 0

Rewrite the equation so that all your x -terms are in the first parentheses and y -terms are in the second:

x 2 – 8 x + ? 1 + y 2 + 6 y + ? 2 = 4 + ? 1 + ? 2

You have isolated the constant to the right and added the values ? 1 and ? 2 to both sides. The values ? 1 and ? 2 are each the number you need in each group to complete the square.

Take the coefficient of x and divide by 2. Square it. That is your new value for ? 1 :

Repeat this for the value to be found with the y -terms:

Replace the unknown values ? 1 and ? 2 in the equation with the newly calculated values:

x 2 – 8 x + 16 + y 2 + 6 y + 9 = 4 + 16 + 9

Simplify:

x 2 – 8 x + 16 + y 2 + 6 y + 9 = 29

x – 4 2 + y + 3 2 = 29

You now have the center-radius form for the graph. You can plug the values in to find this circle with center point – 4 , 3 and a radius of 5.385 units (the square root of 29):

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Cautions To Look Out For

In practical terms, remember that the center point, while needed, is not actually part of the circle. So, when actually graphing your circle, mark your center point very lightly. Place the easily counted values along the x and y axes, by simply counting the radius length along the horizontal and vertical lines.

If precision is not vital, you can sketch in the rest of the circle. If precision matters, use a ruler to make additional marks, or a drawing compass to swing the complete circle.

You also want to mind your negatives. Keep careful track of your negative values, remembering that, ultimately, the expressions must all be positive (because your x -values and y -values are squared).

adventures of a computer scientist

  • Yet another sexist ad from 90s April 26, 2016
  • Shell sort with Algo-rythmics ♫ April 18, 2016
  • Build Your Own Maze February 7, 2016
  • Ultimate Frisbee in CS World February 2, 2016
  • Me when my program keeps giving incorrect output January 27, 2016
  • 0/1 Knapsack Problem or: How I Learned to Stop Coding and Rob a House January 23, 2016
  • I’m sure he will be the coolest blogger around! January 20, 2016
  • Stairs Climbing Puzzle (Dynamic Programming) January 12, 2016
  • Network Flows and Perfect Marriage Problem January 7, 2016
  • HAPPY NEW YEAR! December 31, 2015
  • Algorithms (6)
  • Coding (4)
  • CS World (3)
  • Math (2)
  • Uncategorized (3)
  • Register
  • Log in
  • Entries feed
  • Comments feed
  • WordPress.com

Remember this shape? I bet you could tell me the answer without me asking the question. Most of us solved this puzzle million times when we were at primary school.

Let me ask the question again: how can you draw this shape without tracing the same line twice and without taking the pencil off the paper?

I will talk about the mathematical approach to this problem in this post, which includes graph theory (so it would be very nice if you go and read the basics of graph theory before continuing, although it is not that necessary since I assume you will understand the general concept).

For this shape, you probably memorized the answer by doing it so many times. You know where to start and where to finish. However, suppose you see a shape like this:

Shape 2

Now we have to modify our question a little: can you draw this?

We can convert the shape into a graph by assigning vertices to intersections and assigning edges to the lines between the vertices. Let’s try this with our popular shape:

(There are ten edges in this graph: 1-2, 1-3, 2-3, 2-4, 2-5, 3-4, 3-6, 4-5, 4-6 and 5-6.)

Now we are looking for a path (or a cycle) in the graph that visits every edge exactly once. This problem was solved by the famous mathematician Euler in 1736 and is considered to be the beginning of the graph theory. The problem is often referred as an Euler path or Euler circuit problem. An Euler path starts and ends at different vertices, whereas an Euler circuit starts and ends at the same vertex.

For an Euler path P, for every vertex v other than the endpoints, the path enters v the same number of times it leaves v (what goes in must come out). Then, there should be twice this number of edges having v as an endpoint (try to visualize this: -*-, where asterisk is a vertex which has one entrance = one exit, and to which one times two edges are connected). Therefore, every v should have an even degree (even number of edges should be connected to v).

Now suppose P starts at vertex p and ends at vertex q. Then P should leave p one more time than it enters, and enter q one more time than it leaves. This makes degrees of p and q even degree minus one, therefore, the endpoints of P should have odd degrees (odd number edges should be connected to v).

Then the conclusion for P is this:

“If a graph has an Euler path, then it must have exactly two odd vertices.”

For an Euler circuit C, the starting point must be the same with the endpoint, so C enters the endpoint the same number of times it leaves it, which makes it a vertex of even degree.

Then the conclusion for C is this:

“If a graph has an Euler circuit, then all of its vertices must be even vertices.”

Let’s apply these on our examples. In shape 1, vertices 1, 2, 3 and 4 all have even degrees of two, four, four and four, respectively. Vertices 5 and 6 both have odd degrees of three. Then, this graph has at least one Euler path but it does not have any Euler circuit. In shape 2, there are four vertices of odd degree and one vertex of even degree, so it does not have any Euler path or Euler circuit.

Question: Is it possible for a graph to have both an Euler path and an Euler circuit?
Answer: No. (I think you can figure this out by yourself. I trust you!)

Now we have to focus on our main question: if a path/circuit exists, how do we find it?

For small graphs, you could try every possibility, of course, but in real life applications there will surely be graphs with thousands or millions of vertices and trial-and-error method will take so much time even with a computer program.

A systematic approach would be Fleury’s Algorithm . In this algorithm, our motto is this old proverb: Don’t burn your bridges behind you (it also exists in Turkish: Gectigin kopruleri yakma. I like the English version better though). In graph theory, bridge is the only edge which connects two separate sections of the graph. Removing this edge from the graph would make it disconnected.

To find an Euler path/circuit in a graph:

  • Make sure it has one.
  • If you are looking for an Euler path, start from any odd vertex. Else, start from any vertex.
  • A non-bridge ALWAYS has priority over a bridge. ALWAYS CHOOSE THE NON-BRIDGE.
  • Delete the edge that you have traversed.
  • If you do not have any edges left, stop.

Let’s see an example (I am always taking the images from the other sites in this post but I will start with a different vertex, I promise).

In this graph, vertices A, B, C, D, E and F are all even, so we will find an Euler circuit. We could start with any vertex, say B. (1) Then we would proceed again with any one of them, say A. From A, there is no bridge so we can safely (2) travel to D. Then from D, we would either (3) travel to F or C (say C) BUT DEFINITELY NOT B since we would get stuck at B, we would burn the bridge (…ne gemiler yaktim). Then we could proceed with (4) A or E (say A) (not F!), then with (5) E, then (6) C, (7) F, (8) D, (9) B, and since there is no edge left we would finally stop.

If you’ve ever been scouring the internet looking for a specific word on a word tracing worksheet then you’re going to love this free editable word tracing worksheet practice printable. You can customize it to say anything you’d like!

Not only can you put together custom printable worksheets based on your child’s skill level or learning goals but it comes in multiple fonts too. There’s guided tracing and bubble letters for those early writers and cursive fonts for kids who need handwriting practice.

Free Editable Word Tracing Worksheet Practice Printable

I love that you can use this worksheet maker to customize your child’s writing practice. It’s perfect for preschoolers, kindergarten age kids, or homework help. The best part? It’s free!

Just enter the words you want on your printable worksheet into the generator, choose your font, and print it off. The more words you list the smaller they’ll get so make sure to adjust based on your child’s skill level. Preschoolers need larger words to practice on.

Why Should My Child Practice Word Tracing?

After they can write their name it’s important to have early writers broaden their writing skills. When they’re just starting out, though, it’s difficult for kids to remember how letters are formed. That’s why word tracing worksheets are helpful for early learners.

Worksheets are also a great way to improve vocabulary and get preschoolers ready to start kindergarten by practicing “school work”. You could also use this word tracing generator in your homeschool to teach all kinds of different concepts.

How to Choose Words for Word Tracing Practice

Most of the time writing practice worksheets choose the words for us. While that does take some of the uncertainty out of what to teach – it also means you don’t get to customize what your child is practicing.

When you create your word tracing practice sheets in the free generator you’ll get a custom worksheet that can say anything you want.

Some ideas to help you choose what words to practice:

  1. Choose words with letters you want your child to practice. That might be simple words like cat or fish, or pick words that frequent letters your child needs more practice with.
  2. Work on vocabulary. Writing is a great way to reinforce learning a new word to young kids.
  3. Improve spelling. By writing out words in repetition kids will eventually learn to spell better. Start with common words for your child’s age group or create custom worksheets based on your school age kid’s spelling tests.
  4. Learn another language. If your child is practicing words in a second language or learning ESL custom writing worksheets based on tricky words or phrases can be really helpful.
  5. Practice “like” words. Grouping words together on a single sheet can help reinforce the similarities between certain words, especially for beginner readers. For example, start with at, then add words like bat, cat, hat, and so on. Have your child write the “at” in one colour and the rest of the word in another.

If you’re still unsure then a great starting point is the Dolce word list . It’s broken down by age so you can pick words that are suitable for your child’s level.

How Can I Keep My Child Engaged With Writing Practice

Sometimes practicing writing can feel like work to kids. Especially if you’re just introducing writing or worksheets.

If your kids are struggling to stay on task it’s important to consider a few things. First of all, are they ready for worksheets? Preschool aged kids do best when they’ve already developed pre-writing skills. Before they can form letters kids should build strength and technique by tracing lines and basic shapes.

If you feel your child is ready for worksheets but just isn’t staying focused here’s a few ideas that might help:

Offer Rewards and Incentives

Let’s face it – most of the time we do things in life because we want rewards or fear consequences. Kids are no different. Instead of pressuring them into working, though, it’s best if you give some kind of reward or incentive.

It might be a sticker on a chart that will eventually lead to prizes, an outing or playdate when they’re finished with “work”, or doing something together that they love.

Make Sure Kids are at Their Best

You probably already know that there are certains times of day where your child is more agreeable than others. Take advantage of that and plan challenging activities like writing for those times where your kids are typically interested and engaged.

Keep it Short

The average preschooler has about a ten minute attention span for difficult tasks like writing. Trying to push beyond their limits not only makes learning a chore, it also creates tension between the two of you. Sometimes it’s best to just end the activity when young kids are losing focus.

Get Creative

Writing isn’t fun for all kids, especially preschoolers. That’s OK! Remember, just because your kid doesn’t want to write at age 3 doesn’t mean they won’t enjoy it by the time they enter kindergarten.

For those kids you still want to establish those early reading and writing skills, but you can do it in more interesting ways. Maybe you can have the child write with different instruments like markers or crayons. Another idea is to have them paint the word or arrange play dough over the letters. Look at what your kids are interested in and go from there!

Great for Fine Motor Skills

One last thing to keep in mind when using writing worksheets with your kids is that they don’t have to be done perfectly to be educational. What that means is even if your child traces just one word and opts to draw or scribble on the sheet they’re still developing fine motor and pre writing skills.

Preschool aged children shouldn’t be expected to write competently, especially younger ones. But, by introducing writing worksheets custom created for their age level and interests you’ll have a greater chance of success. If things don’t go well at first, keep trying.

At the end of the day, though, the important thing is to spend time with your kids and have fun!

This page is an advertiser-supported excerpt of the book, Power Excel 2010-2013 from MrExcel – 567 Excel Mysteries Solved. If you like this topic, please consider buying the entire e-book.

Problem: : The oval tool in the Drawing toolbar is hard to use. If I start drawing the rectangle in the upper-left corner of the cell, the shape will start in that corner. But if I start drawing a circle in the same spot, the oval I draw will not completely include the text in the cells. Also, why aren’t there circle and square shapes? I have a hard time drawing perfectly round circles and perfectly square squares.

Strategy: You can use keyboard keys to make drawing shapes easier.

First, to force an oval to be a perfect circle, you hold down the Shift key while you draw. Using the Shift key will also force a rectangle to be a square and a triangle to be an equilateral triangle.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

    Use Shift while drawing to make circles and squares.

Second, a circle or an oval is hard to draw. In order to draw the circle around a cell, you have to start fairly far outside the cell. How can you know how far above your data to start in order to include all the data? One solution is to hold down the Ctrl key when you draw the oval (or Ctrl+Shift to draw a circle). Then, instead of starting in the left corner, you start directly in the middle of the circle. As you drag outward, the circle will grow.

The other modifying key is the Alt key. A rectangle drawn with the Alt key held down will snap to the cell borders. The rectangle can either be two columns wide or three columns wide, but not 2.5 columns wide when you use the Alt key.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Use Alt & edges align with cell.

If you want to resize a square, hold down the Shift key while you drag a corner handle. This will force Excel to keep the aspect ratio the same.

Additional Details: If you need to produce many identically sized squares, Ctrl+drag the first square to make an identical copy. You can then Ctrl+click both squares and Ctrl+drag to create four squares.

A client wants a cleaner version of the logo attached. Essentially I have to use this logo but I don’t have an editable file only the PNG provided. At the moment I’m stuck on how to trace over the image to create a cleaner version. I have tried to use Image Trace but it doesn’t seem to work to well.

Any suggestions would be appreciated as I’m honestly at a loss on how to recreate this.How to create a perfect circle without tracing

3 Answers 3

You can get a reasonable trace of the Sabella lettering if you open the PNG in Photoshop, engage the alpha lock then fill it black. Export as PNG again. Then import this back into Illustrator and trace it. Here’s the trace and settings I used.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

It won’t trace the small text well, so you can just expand and ungroup the trace, delete the wonky small text and retype “INTERIORS” with Times New Roman or some similar serif font, same font size, and increase kerning to match the original.

You might need to fix some of the curves on the traced text manually, but shouldn’t be too difficult.

Note: if you don’t have Illustrator or Photoshop, the same could be done using free software such as GIMP and Inskcape.

You could manually redraw all the letters with the Pen Tool (aka Bézier tool), using the image as a guide to trace over the top.

I’ve included an example here showing the start of this process, but using Inkscape this time (also possible in Illustrator). Obviously this is time consuming and requires a degree of skill with the Bézier tool, and some manual tweaking of curves, but it’s entirely possible. Also, without the actual original font, it’s probably the best way to get an almost perfect result.

Facing issues while editing a complex artwork with many anchor points? Use the Simplify Path feature in Illustrator to solve your problems related to editing complex paths.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The Simplify path feature helps you remove unnecessary anchor points and generate a simplified optimal path for your complex artwork, without making any significant changes in the original path shape.

Simplifying path gives you the following benefits:

  • Easy and accurate path editing
  • Reduced file size
  • Faster file display and printing
  • To remove imperfections in the traced path when using Image Trace.
  • To edit only a portion of the complex artwork and to create sharp or smooth paths in a selected artwork region.
  • To reduce the number of anchor points when expanding a shape using the Variable Width tool in Illustrator.
  • To edit an artwork created using mobile apps for drawing, painting, or sketching and then imported in Illustrator.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

A. The original image B. Image after tracing or importing (maximum anchor points) C. Image after simplifying the path (optimized anchor points)

  • Select the object or a specific path region.
  • Choose Object >Path >Simplify.

The unnecessary anchor points are automatically removed and a simplified path is calculated.

A. Slider to reduce anchor points B. Auto-simplify anchor points C. More options

To further simplify and fine-tune the path, use the Reduce Anchor Point Slider. By default, this slider is set to an auto-simplified value . The position and value of the slider specifies how closely the simplified path matches the curves of the original path.

  • Minimum Anchor Points (): When the slider is close or equal to the minimum value, the anchor points are less, but the modified path curve will have some minor deviations from the original path.
  • Maximum Anchor Points (): When the slider is close or equal to the maximum value, the modified path curve will have more points and a closer fit to the original curve.

Accordingly, can plexiglass be cut in a circle?

One way to cut circles into plexiglass by hand is using a hole saw. It can also easily work its way through plexiglass. Another way to cut a circle is using a jigsaw. Jigsaws have thin blades that penetrate the material, making it possible for them to make small turns while cutting.

Similarly, how do you cut a perfect circle in parchment paper? Instructions

  1. Tear off a sheet of parchment. Tear or cut off a sheet of parchment just slightly bigger than the cake pan.
  2. Fold the parchment in half.
  3. Fold the parchment in half again.
  4. Fold a triangle.
  5. Fold the triangle in half again.
  6. Hold the triangle against the pan.
  7. Cut the parchment.
  8. Unfold the parchment.

Likewise, how do you cut perfect circles in acrylic?

Use a saber saw or jigsaw with a fine-toothed blade for larger circles. Mark or scribe the circle and drill a 1/4-inch pilot hole slightly inside the perimeter. Put the blade through the hole to start the cut, then saw around the circumference.

How do you cut the perfect cardboard circle?

Use your scissors to quickly slice a larger circle or square around the circle you want to cut out. If you want a negative space circle (a piece of cardboard with a hole cut in it that’s perfectly circular), carefully stab one side of the scissors through the center of the circle to start making your cut.

By How to create a perfect circle without tracingPriya Pedamkar

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Introduction to Matlab Plot Circle

MATLAB can be used to perform operations involving geometric figures like circles, rectangles, squares etc. In this article, we will focus on circles. We will learn how to create various types of circles in MATLAB. We can create solid or plane circles in MATLAB, which we will learn as we go ahead in the article. We will also learn how to create a circle using the rectangle function.

How to Create a circle using Rectangle Function?

Let us first learn syntax to draw a simple circle in MATLAB:

Hadoop, Data Science, Statistics & others

1. Let us first declare some points, here we are taking 500 points. The below code will create these points.

  • angles = linspace(0, 2*pi, 500);

2. Let us now declare the radius and centre of the circle. The centre will be defined by x and y co-ordinates.

  • radius = 20;
  • CenterX = 50;
  • CenterY = 40;

3. Finally, we will plot our circle.

  • x = radius * cos(angles) + CenterX;
  • y = radius * sin(angles) + CenterY;

4. We will also write some code for our output to look visually better. This is normal formatting and we can adjust it as per our requirement.

  • plot(x, y, ‘b-‘, ‘LineWidth’, 2);
  • hold on;
  • plot(CenterX, CenterY, ‘k+’, ‘LineWidth’, 3, ‘MarkerSize’, 14);
  • grid on;
  • axis equal;
  • xlabel(‘X’, ‘FontSize’, 14);
  • ylabel(‘Y’, ‘FontSize’, 14);

5. This is how our input and output will look like in MATLAB console:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Code:

angles = linspace(0, 2*pi, 500);
radius = 20;
CenterX = 50;
CenterY = 40;
x = radius * cos(angles) + CenterX;
y = radius * sin(angles) + CenterY;
plot(x, y, ‘b-‘, ‘LineWidth’, 2);
hold on;
plot(CenterX, CenterY, ‘k+’, ‘LineWidth’, 3, ‘MarkerSize’, 14);
grid on;
axis equal;
xlabel(‘X’, ‘FontSize’, 14);
ylabel(‘Y’, ‘FontSize’, 14);

Output:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

As we can see in the above output, the circle is created with a radius 20 and centre (50, 40) as defined by us in the code.

How to Create a Solid 2D Circle in MATLAB?

Next, let us learn how to create a solid 2D circle in MATLAB:

1. First, we will be creating logical image of circle. For this, we will define center, diameter and the image size. Let us first create image.

  • imageSizeOfX = 640;
  • imageSizeOfY = 480;
  • [colInImage rowsInImage] = meshgrid(1 : imageSizeOfX, 1 : imageSizeOfY);

2. Next, we will be creating the circle inside the image.

  • centerOfX = 320;
  • centerOfY = 240;
  • radius = 80;
  • Pixels = (rowsInImage – centerOfY).^2 …
  • + (colInImage – centerOfX).^2 imageSizeOfX = 640;
    imageSizeOfY = 480;
    [colInImage rowsInImage] = meshgrid(1 : imageSizeOfX, 1 : imageSizeOfY);
    centerOfX = 320;
    centerOfY = 240;
    radius = 80;
    Pixels = (rowsInImage – centerOfY).^2 .
    + (colInImage – centerOfX).^2

Output:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a Circle in MATLAB Using Rectangle Function?

Let us now learn how to create a circle in MATLAB using rectangle function: Here is a simple code to achieve this:

1. Like we discussed in above examples, we will declare the radius and centre co-ordinates of the required circle.

  • radius = 6;
  • centerX = 30;
  • centerY = 40;
  • rectangle(‘Position’,[centerX – radius, centerY – radius, radius*2, radius*2],…
  • ‘Curvature’,[1,1],…
  • ‘FaceColor’,’b’);
  • axis square;

2. We have passed ‘FaceColor’ as “b” so our output circle will be of Blue colour.

Code:

radius = 6;
centerX = 30;
centerY = 40;
rectangle(‘Position’,[centerX – radius, centerY – radius, radius*2, radius*2].
‘Curvature’,[1,1].
‘FaceColor’,’b’);
axis square;

Output:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How we can Create a Simple arc in MATLAB?

Finally, let us discuss how we can create a simple arc in MATLAB. As we know that arc is nothing but a small portion of the circle, code for creating an arc is also very similar to that of creating a circle.

1. First we define the parameters of required arc.

  • xCenter = 1;
  • yCenter = 1;
  • radius = 4;

2. Next, we define the angle theta as required.

  • theta = linspace(20, 100, 50);
  • x = radius * cosd(theta) + xCenter;
  • y = radius * sind(theta) + yCenter;

3. Finally, we plot our defined points.

  • plot(x, y, ‘b-‘, ‘LineWidth’, 2);
  • axis equal;
  • grid on;

Code:

xCenter = 1;
yCenter = 1;
radius = 4;
theta = linspace(20, 100, 50);
x = radius * cosd(theta) + xCenter;
y = radius * sind(theta) + yCenter;
plot(x, y, ‘b-‘, ‘LineWidth’, 2);
axis equal;
grid on;

Output:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Conclusion

So, in this article, we learnt how to create circles in MATLAB. We can create both plane circles and solid circles in MATLAB. We also learnt how we can leverage the Rectangle function to plot circles in MATLAB. We can also format our circle as per our requirement.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to Matlab Plot Circle. Here we discuss an introduction, how to Create a circle using rectangle function, a Solid 2D Circle, a circle in MATLAB and Simple arc. You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

All in One Data Science Bundle (360+ Courses, 50+ projects)

How can I cut a large (3.5′ – 4′ in diameter) circle out of a 4×8 sheet of plywood. The preferred method would be one that doesn’t leave any holes/marks in the circle’s plywood surface. It needs to be as near perfect as possible (shape/edges of the circle). The circle cutout will be used as a table top.

The tools that I have at my disposal are: Router, Dremel, circular saw, 10″ table saw, 14″ band saw, 10″ drill press, jigsaw, and a lathe.

5 Answers 5

How can I cut a large circle out of a 4×8 sheet of plywood?

You sound like the perfect candidate for a router circle jig. The one linked is available at Rockler, but they are easy enough to make yourself out of plywood.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The preferred method would be one that doesn’t leave any holes/marks in the plywood surface.

The one pictured uses a pin to keep the jig centered. This will leave a small hole in the plywood that you could either keep on the bottom side (assuming it doesn’t go entirely through) or find a way to cover up.

Otherwise, you should be able to find a way to affix the circle template to the plywood in a non-marring way, such as using double-sided carpet tape.

There are other means to make a large circle, as identified in this related Question. However, in my opinion, none will leave as nice of an edge finish as the router.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

You can cut a perfect circle top using your table saw.

To do this, you will need a jig (a large sheet of plywood with a pin on which the board being cut spins).

Cut off corners (on the work piece) to remove large amounts of excess material. The first set of cuts take a square piece to an octagon. Then cut off more corners.

Using the jig, you can slowly cut off the excess by spinning the work piece.

Here is one example I found showing this technique: Cutting large circles on the table saw

If you need to have both sides of the work piece without holes, you can attach it to a sacrificial board using double sided tape.

Another option if you want to buy a tool for your Band saw, there are circle cutting jigs. The Carter one can cut circles over 4′ in diameter. I have one of these, though I’ve only used it a couple times. For flat stock it works pretty good, I bought it to cut bowl blanks round. You need to have your band saw tuned up well to get best results.

[How to create a perfect circle without tracing[How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Pick one according to skill level.

Hook it up to your lathe after cutting it down to an octagon or hexadecagon, (squares are unruly,) and use a wide lathe bit to trim down to a penciled circle. Sand to perfect straight edges. Only try this, though, if you are good at lathing.

Also, you can put a nail in the middle, hook up a hand- moved power saw to it with a string as you would with drawing a circle, and ever so carefully pull it around the string into a perfect circle. You could also use a little wood and a nail or two to make a compass, which does the same thing. You can pull this with a little less skill using a router.

For a little money, you can put it on a device that spins it into a saw blade until it’s perfectly circular with a pin. If you’re willing to spend any money, you can buy a circle cutting jig or similar device for downwards of 400$. If needed, sacrifice a small piece of wood that holds the pin and is duct-taped on. This can be a piece you cut off to start.

I realized suddenly at the beginning of a project how spoiled I have been by the ease of finding templates online for any shape I could ever need to make. Just print and trace or cut out. without ever giving it a second thought. Hearts are particularly easy – I can just use the heart shape tool in Photoshop and stretch or squash the heart to the right dimension and enlarge or reduce the size until it’s just what I need, and print it out.

However, what happens when I need a HUGE shape – too big to print out? Hmmm, do I trust myself to be able to draw a perfectly symmetrical heart on a piece of posterboard? Uh. no. So I came up with a plan.

Here’s how to draw a symmetrical heart without a heart-shaped template to trace!

I am using a rectangular piece of foam posterboard, but these steps will work for a square board as well, since the heart is symmetrical and equilateral. My finished heart shape is about 20 x 20 inches, but this method can work for other sized hearts using different round objects to trace depending on the size you need. I used a pencil to mark my lines but since they barely showed up in the photos I have redrawn them with Photoshop so you can actually see them 🙂

First, use a ruler to measure and find the midpoint of the short side of the posterboard. Mark the midpoint at both ends of the board, as well as in the middle, and then use the ruler to line up all the marks on the edge and draw the line down the middle, longways.

Find a round object that you can trace that is roughly the same width as half your rectangle. In my case, a 9″ pie pan was perfect – the diameter of the top edge of the pan is about 10″ across, just less than half my piece of posterboard. NOTE: you can also use a compass to draw your circles, if you have one.

Trace the object on each half of the board, keeping the top and bottom edges of the circles lined up with each other, and both touching the midline at the same point.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I used the ruler to draw another line below the two circles, all the way across the posterboard. The point where the vertical and horizontal lines cross represents the center of your heart shape. In this case, since my circles are 10 inches in diameter, I measured 10 inches down from the center of the heart where the lines cross and made a mark. I used that mark to line up the ruler and draw a straight line connecting the bottom point of the heart to the circle on each side, near the midpoint of the curve in that little corner formed by the lines.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

For months now, I have walked by an aisle at Hobby Lobby that displays all of the fabulous vinyl papers made specifically for a Cricut and other machines and I can’t help but drool. You see, I’m Cricut-less ! I know, it’s tragic… A crafty chica like me should be chirping away on a fancy Cricut, but no, not me… I have never made the investment because I’m afraid my family would never see me again and I just know that I would go broke buying every accessory that they make. I just want to make vinyl monograms without a machine!

I have also updated this post on 12/5/15 with this latest post about where I found pre-cut vinyl sticker letters here.

I just couldn’t help myself and I decided to buy a roll of black vinyl just to play with it and see if I could make vinyl letters and monograms without a machine. Well, it worked and the possibilities are endless!

This technique involves cutting with small scissors or an exacto knife, so small intricate letters or designs would involve a little extra time. However, this technique is ideal for large letters or large monograms where the cutting is minimal. If you’re willing to cut, the sky is the limit!

So I picked up a basic black roll of vinyl paper for die cutting machines made by Paper Studio for $3.50 (it was 50% off at Hobby Lobby). The package contained two large sheets sized 12″ x 36″ each. That’s a lot of vinyl for $3.50! Here is what they look like:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing
How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I always keep a supply of full sheet labels (8.5″ x 11″) at home both in removable and permanent adhesive. I do more projects with this product than anything else. For this technique, I used the removable labels, permanent will not work :

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I decided to start with a large wall monogram, just to see if I could make it work. I used the font Modern No. 20 in the largest size I could get on a page in Microsoft Word (hint, go into margins and choose “narrow” for even more space). I then printed it out onto my label paper:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I then unrolled my vinyl paper and turned it over and used a lid from one of my pots to draw a perfect circle:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I cut out my circle and cut out excess space on my label with the letter and removed the backing and attached to the vinyl:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I then started to carefully cut out my letter with small sewing scissors (small scissors give you more precision). You can use an exacto knife too if it works better for you. If you use scissors, you have to cut in from the side but don’t worry, you will not see it once you place it together on the wall or item:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

When I was done cutting, I removed the white label paper from the top of the vinyl paper (save the inside of the letter because you can use that too for something else) :

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

I then removed the vinyl backing and carefully place on my wall in my bathroom. I used the edge of a credit card to smooth it out:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Keep in mind, if you are using the vinyl on a wall, the wall must have very little to zero texture for it to look flush and good.

Next, I used the inside part of the letter that I cut out from my wall monogram and I placed it on a large metal beverage tub and smoothed out with a credit card:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

You can also buy a roll of “transfer paper” (sold next to the vinyl rolls) that you rub onto your letter or monogram to help place/transfer it better on the wall or item. If I do anything more intricate, I will use the transfer paper.

The next thing I wanted to try was to monogram my husband’s Yeti. If you do not know what a Yeti is ladies, it is “supposedly” the Rolls Royce of coolers, at least that’s what hubby says. All the guys in the neighborhood freaked out and ran and picked up this cooler when it came out. I’m not sure what makes it so special I do know it’s bear proof (didn’t know we had bears in East Texas). Anyway, it is his pride and joy and I thought I would monogram it since all the guys had one now.

So I printed out hubby’s monogram as large as I could on my label paper (I clicked on orientation and switched to landscape). I again placed the label onto the vinyl and cut out the letters. I then placed each letter where I wanted it and rubbed on with a credit card:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Hubby was thrilled to see the monogram. I was a little worried if I would “de-man” it by adding the monogram but he seemed excited about it. I used the font “Batang” for the monogram in the largest size font I could get on the page (orientated to landscape).

I cannot wait to now go buy every color of the vinyl and also chalkboard vinyl to make labels too! There are so many different things that you can do with vinyl letters, monogram and images! Just look around on Pinterest and think about using the vinyl letters for personalized holiday gifts too! I love the vinyl monograms on glass large candle holders and you can’t go wrong with painting a canvas and adding a large monogram or letter and giving as a gift!

So many possibilities in getting creative without a machine! I no longer have to drool as I pass the vinyl!

Have a fantastic weekend friends and thank you again for your comments, emails and notes! It means a lot to me to hear your thoughts and feedback!

I want to reproduce these pages in order to teach children all the letters of the alphabet, I wonder if I could produce it in Latex instead of ordering a notebook on the internet ?

Many thanks for your help.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

1 Answer 1

Starting from here I added the lower-case characters. Looking at the question it seems to me that the dashed red line is not always in the middle. Rather, e.g. in the case of the letter A it seems to be where the horizontal line of the A is. One can account for this in a straight-forward way: when defining the pics, add a coordinate at the vertical position, called (-mid) in the following. If you call the pic A , pic(A) , then the coordinate will have the name (A-mid) . This allows us to place the red line differently depending on the specifics of the character.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

It is fairly obvious that there is significant room for improvement in these characters. The aim was to create some pics which are recognizable as characters, not to design a fancy new font. In the bright side, apart from adding the ink-shaped arrow heads (which explains that the pics contain more \draw commands than what appears necessary), the letter paths can even be used for in decorations, and perhaps even more importantly subjected to nonlinear transformations, so one could project them on some 3d curved surface such as a sphere, cylinder and so on.

Here is a trivial example (with the above preamble)

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Original answer (in case the vertical position of the red line is wrong in the upper part): This does the uppercase letters since someone was kind enough to provide them. From these you learn how one can do lower-case ones.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

If you change scale=0.5 to a smaller value, the letters will become smaller, and so on.

In this article, you will learn everything you need to know about conceptual frameworks, from what they are to how to make your own. Whether you are a novice or an experienced researcher, this article is for you. And by the end of this article, you will have a better understanding of scientific literature and a better grasp of conceptual frameworks.

What is a conceptual framework?

It is easiest to think of “conceptual framework” as a diagram that depicts the relationship between various variables. The full explanation of a “conceptual framework,” on the other hand, is more lengthy and in-depth.

We need to keep in mind that researchers focus on a specific area of study. As a result, they produce literary works in which they analyze and speculate on the interrelationships between various aspects of the world. Using a “conceptual framework” diagram is the quickest, simplest, and most effective way to convey complex relationships.

However, conceptual frameworks are not always required to be published in scientific journals. Even the typical individual can create their own. However, truly scientific and authoritative examples are typically found in scientific publications. In addition, researchers do not generate conceptual frameworks arbitrarily. They conduct exhaustive literature reviews to support their conceptual frameworks, thereby enhancing the credibility of their conceptual frameworks.

How to Make a Conceptual Framework?

Before you prepare your conceptual framework, you need to do the following things:

1. Choose your topic

As a researcher, you have the option of focusing on a wide range of topics. However, we must remember that not all of the world’s resources are available to us. The research could also be time-limited. It is therefore important to select a topic that can be completed within the time and resources available.

2. Make your research question

The research question, on the other hand, must be narrowly focused. All of the specifics must be laid out in a clear and concise manner. To put it simply, this is where your conceptual framework comes into play. For your research, you need to come up with a clear and reasonable question. This question should be one you’re really interested in to have a concise conceptual framework.

An important part of your conceptual framework and research is the development of a question that will guide your investigation.. As a result, you won’t get lost while writing the paper.

3. Conduct a review of the literature

A review of literature is a process in which a researcher examines previously published work on a particular subject from reputable sources. You and your readers will benefit from a literature review if it reveals the current state of knowledge on your chosen topic, including its strengths and weaknesses. When conducting a literature review, keep in mind that it should be relevant to the topic under consideration, synthesize the findings of the publications you have read, and identify any areas in which additional information or evidence is needed to support the claim under consideration. Having a review of the literature narrows down what you will be putting in your conceptual framework.

4. Choose your variables

Since you have done your research, by this time, you will already be able to identify and pinpoint the variable that has been discussed in the publications you have studied and try to make a connection or decipher how they are linked. As you must have already read a lot of literature, you will find many possible variables to choose from when conducting your study. However, when creating research in general, it is vital that you only select the essential variables as not all of them will be significant; as you must have read much scientific literature, you should be able to discern the important ones by this point. And when creating a conceptual framework in particular, even though you can choose all the variables in the world, it would be best not to since too many variables in a conceptual framework will be confusing. It is also not a good idea to choose too few variables, or else your study might be too simple. As mentioned in the previous step, you have to find the right level of intricacy in your research that will fit your resources and time allocation.

5. Choose your relationships

Now that you have chosen your variables, you have to decide how these variables are related to one another. Given that you have already read much literature on your topic, you should already define how each of your variables is connected. This is especially important to note as this will largely impact how your conceptual framework will look once you start making the diagram.

6. Create the conceptual framework

Now that you have achieved all the previous steps, the final step is to illustrate the diagram. How you demonstrate the diagram will differ on a case-to-case basis. Still, generally, variable names have to be laid out clearly and put into rectangles, variables have to be connected with lines and arrows, and the arrowheads will differ depending on the nature of the relationships. Single head arrows are for one-directional relationships (i.e. A affects B and B does not affect A), and double-headed arrows are for relationships that are 2 directional (i.e. A affects B and B also affects A). Also, lines do not have to be limited to connecting only 2 variables (i.e. A and B); some relationships can be between more variables (i.e. A affects B and also C).

Conceptual Framework Sample

To have a clearer idea of the process of making a conceptual framework, let us try to make a concrete example of it.

Background: I am a co-owner of a branch of Burger King.

1. Choose your topic

I am interested to know what affects the satisfaction of our customers. My goal is to know what specific parts of our business can influence our customers’ experience.

2. Make your research question

The research question I can formulate is “What affects customer satisfaction of Burger King?

3. Conduct a review of the literature

I read up on different publications related to food establishments, specifically burger joints and customer satisfaction. From here, I can already have an idea of the variables I can pinpoint from those publications that have been proven to affect customer satisfaction.

4. Choose your variables

With all the books, scholarly articles, and research I have gone through, it can be determined that there are three main variables: food taste, speed of service, and staff performance. Customers are very much concerned with the taste of the product. The amount of time it takes to serve them also affects how pleased or displeased they are. Lastly, the performance of the staff that serves also affects their experience.

5. Choose your relationships

I was able to determine that the three variables: food taste, speed of service, and staff performance, are determining factors of customer satisfaction.

6. Create the conceptual framework

Create and modify shapes using Pen and shape tools and copy paths into After Effects from Illustrator and Photoshop.

You create a shape layer by drawing in the Composition panel with a shape tool or the Pen tool. You can then add shape attributes to existing shapes or create shapes within that shape layer. By default, if you draw in the Composition panel when a shape layer is selected, you create a shape within that shape layer, above the selected shapes or group of shapes. If you draw in the Composition panel using a shape tool or Pen tool when an image layer other than a shape layer is selected, you create a mask. For more information, see Create masks in After Effects.

Shortcuts for Shape tool is Q, and Pen Tool shortcut is G.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Before drawing in the Composition panel to create a shape layer, press F2 and deselect all layers.

Usually, a new shape has a fill and a stroke that correspond to the Fill and Stroke settings in the Tools panel at the time that the shape is drawn. You can use the same controls in the Tools panel to change these attributes for a selected shape after it has been drawn. Shapes created from text are created with fills and strokes that match the fills and strokes of the original text.

You can create a shape layer from a vector art footage layer, and then modify it. With the ability to bevel and extrude objects in After Effects, you can extrude the artwork, for example, extruded logos. For more information, see Extruding text and shape layers.

To convert a vector art footage layer to shape layer, choose Layer > Create > Create Shapes from Vector Layer . A matching shape layer appears above the footage layer, and the footage layer is muted.

  • Not all features of Illustrator files are currently preserved. Examples include: opacity, images, and gradients.
  • Converted shapes ignore PAR overrides specified in the Interpret Footage dialog box.
  • Gradients and unsupported types may show as 50% gray shapes.
  • Files with thousands of paths may import slowly without feedback.
  • The menu command works on a single selected layer at a time.
  • If you import an Illustrator file as a composition (multiple layers), you cannot convert all those layers in one pass. However, you can import the file as footage, and then use the command to convert the single footage layer to shapes.

The shape tools are the Rectangle , Rounded Rectangle , Ellipse , Polygon , and Star tools.

To activate and cycle through the shape tools, press Q.

A polygon is a star without an Inner Radius or Inner Roundness property. So, the name of the shape created for a polygon or a star is the same: polystar.

You can create a mask by dragging with a shape tool on a selected layer in the Composition panel or Layer panel. You can create a shape by dragging with a shape tool on a selected shape layer in the Composition panel. If you drag with a shape tool in the Composition panel with no layer selected, you create a shape on a new shape layer.

To draw a mask on a shape layer, click the Tool Creates Mask button in the Tools panel with a shape tool active.

When you create a shape by dragging with a shape tool in the Composition panel, you create a parametric shape path. To instead create a Bezier shape path, press the Alt (Windows) or Option (Mac OS) key before you click to begin dragging. You can release the key before you complete the drag operation. All mask paths are Bezier paths. (See About shapes and shape layers.)

Dragging starts when you click in the Composition panel or Layer panel to begin drawing, and ends when you release the mouse button. Pressing modifier keys at different times during a single dragging operation achieves different results:

To reposition a shape or mask as you are drawing, hold the spacebar or the middle mouse button while dragging.

To scale a circle, ellipse, square, rounded square, rectangle, or rounded rectangle around its center while drawing, hold the Ctrl (Windows) or Command (Mac OS) key after you begin dragging. Don’t release the key until you have released the mouse button to finish drawing.

To cancel the drawing operation, press Esc.

Each shape tool retains the settings of the most recent drawing operation with that tool. For example, if you draw a star and modify the number of points to be 10, then the next star that you draw will also have 10 points. To reset settings for a tool and create a shape with the default settings, double-click the tool in the Tools panel. (See Create a shape or mask the size of the layer.)

In this website we will provide you easy way to help you learn How to Draw an Oval that is perfect and clean.Unlike circles or rectangles, an oval shape consider as a regular shape. Here proper way to draw an oval.

  • How to Draw a Fish
  • How to Draw a Frog
  • How to Draw a Heart
  • How to draw a Robot
  • How to draw a Teddy
  • How to Draw a Tiger
  • How to draw a Train
  • How to Draw a Zebra
  • How to draw a Fire
  • How to Draw a Flower
  • How to draw a House
  • How to Draw a Rabbit
  • How to draw a Ninja
  • How to draw a Smoke
  • How to draw Shoes
  • How to draw Ears

There are lots of people who remain confused in oval and circle. Most of them thought that they both are just similar to each other but in reality there is a great difference between both of them. Today we are going to learn how to draw a perfect oval with different methods.

Way to Draw an Oval Shape Step by Step

Step 1: At first we are going to draw a plus ➕ sign just take care that the vertical line should be longer than the horizontal line. This will work as a base.

Step 2: In the next step, just in the curbed manner start drawing a circle type shape just take care that it touch all sides of plus.

Step 3: At last simply draw this plus sign properly without traces and be careful towards your oval. So, it is that simple to draw an oval.

Method to Draw an Oval with String

The another more perfect and easy way to draw an oval is string method. Let us come to know how we can draw an oval by using a string.

Step 1: First of all draw an axis for your oval desired on the length of oval. Next, draw another small line making a sign like plus ➕.

Step 2: Now, point your compass at a point of minor axis and mark arcs on both side of the major axis(or bigger line).

Step 3: Next join these arcs by the point where you have put the compass needle making a triangle shape.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Step 4: After this pin three small nails at each three point of the triangle. Then, take a string and tie it stretched with all three nails making a triangle.

Step 5: Now, pin out the nail from the point where you have put your compass needle. From this nail (you can use pencil also) start moving in a circle direction to make your oval.

How to Draw an Oval Freehand

It is very simple to draw an oval by your hands, it might not look very perfect but yes it is an oval. For drawing this you can use pen, pencil or sketch whatever you want. Take a paper sheet and imagine the shape of egg 🥚 and try to draw the similar structure. Or else you just need to elongate your circle from two ends. Finally, your oval is ready.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

It is not very much difficult to draw an oval by using compass. Follow the below steps and you are done.

Step 1: At first, you have to draw a normal circle with any radius of your choice.

Step 2: Now keep the same radius as the previous one and point the needle of your compass just few cm apart from the first circle and then start drawing another circle overlapping the first one.

Step 3: After this, just simply join the circumference of both circles and remove the inner portion by erasing it.

Edit Word Documents

Edit Text in Word
  • Curve Text in Word
  • Delete Text Box in Word
  • Link Text Boxes in Word
  • Insert Text Box in Word
  • Rotate Text Box in Word
  • Reverse Text in Word
  • Mirror Text in Word
  • Rotate Text in Word
  • Flip Text in Word
  • Align Text in Word
Edit Hyperlink in Word
  • Remove Hyperlink in Word
  • Hyperlink in MS Word
  • Remove Hyperlink in Word
  • Create Hyperlink in Word
  • Make Hyperlink in Word
  • Insert Hyperlink in Word
Watermark in Word
  • Draft Watermark in Word
  • What is Watermark in Word
  • Remove Watermark in Word
  • Put Watermark in Word
  • Create Watermark in Word
  • Make Watermark in Word
Edit Picture in Word
  • Rotate Picture in Word
  • Edit Picture in Word
  • Insert Picture in Word
  • Flip Picture in Word
  • Resize Picture in Word
  • Crop Picture in Word
  • Reverse Image in Word
  • Mirror Image in Word
  • Insert PDF Image into Word
Add Comments in Word
  • Print Comments in Word
  • View Comments in Word
  • Word Print without Comments
  • Remove Comments in Word
Draw in Word
  • Draw Line in Word
  • Draw Circle in Word
  • Add Word Art Drawings
  • Insert Arrow in Word
Bookmark in Word
  • Bookmark Template in Word
  • Bookmark in MS Word
  • Create Bookmark in Word
Header & Footer in Word
Be Creative in Word
  • Create Business Cards in Word
  • Make Poster on Word
  • Make Flowchart in Word
  • Create Questionnaire in Word
More Word Editing Tips
  • Edit Word Document Online
  • Edit PDF in Word
  • Open Word Document Online
  • Edit Scanned Document in Word
  • Edit Protected Word Document

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Audrey Goodwin

2022-04-29 14:42:24 • Filed to: Features of MS Word • Proven solutions

If you want to know how to draw a circle in word then the process is very easy to follow. To draw a circle in word the functionality has been embedded within the program and therefore there is no need to search keywords like how to draw a circle in word. The circle can again be regarded as one of the best shapes that can be added to word documents. It allows you to highlight the area of importance completely. Almost every version of the MS Word supports the feature and it is very much handy so it is used mainly for making presentations.

How to Draw a Circle in Word 2016, 2013, 2010

As it has been mentioned above the circle can be added to the MS Word with perfection and therefore it is highly advised to follow the steps below. The overall management of the shapes is also done by word on its own. It simply means that other than the process below you need no additional tools to get the work done. The steps are mentioned as under.

  1. Open a blank document which is the start of the process. It can be located anywhere on your system based of your OS you are using.
  2. Press the “Insert” tab on the top of the document. There are several options under the tab which you can explore to get to know more about the document.
  3. There is a part of “Insert” tab which is known as “Illustrations”. Hit this tab to reveal the drop down menu and once again hit the “Shapes” tab in the list.
  4. Now click the option of “Lines and Connectors” to reveal the shapes. Find Circle and then click on it to it add it to the document. There are several forms of circles which can add to the document. Drag the mouse as much as you want the circle to be. Release the button to add the circle to the document. This completes the process in full.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The shapes in MS Word are highly required by professionals to segregate the data and to make sure that the presentations look good. The data management becomes easy and straightforward. The shapes also allow the users to overlook the points which are not important. This saves time and effort and therefore the shapes should always be used to get the work done readily. Another important advantage of shapes is that these can be linked to the data. For instance if there is a table drawn the shapes can be used to draw graphical representation.

Wondershare PDFelement – PDF Editor is highly regarded by the users and therefore it is highly in used. Its easiness is the only thing which allows the users to get to know the program. It can help you draw circles in PDF documents directly without converting the PDF documents to any other formats. After opening a PDF file in it, click the “Comment” tab and select the Circle tool to add it on the PDF document. Right-click on the shape that has been added and select “Properties”. On the right panel change the properties such as “Style” and “Thickness”. Learn more about how to annotate PDF here.

Tips: Advantages of PDF Format

PDF format has many advantages over word. There are several points which ensure that the PDF stays on top of Word. Analysis of the PDF document is very easy as compared to the Word format. It is highly advised to extract the audit trail to know that how and when the document has been accessed.

PDF files are very secure as compared to the Word. The MS Word has its own editing engine so it can be edited easily. PDF on the other hand requires special tools to make sure that editing is done.

The readability of the PDF format is very much interactive as compared to Word. The Word formatting can be distorted over different devices while it is not the case with PDF.

The cloud systems which are developed by the Adobe can be used to interact with the PDF files from multiple locations which make collaboration very easy.

Features of PDFelement:

  1. Open, save, print and markup PDFs using the program.
  2. Approve the sign the documents digital.
  3. Use OCR to extract the text within PDF images.
  4. Partial OCR can also be performed on user defined PDF fields.
  5. Protect the PDF files with the passwords using the program.

Make an eye-catching and distinctive image by cropping it into a circle with Adobe Photoshop.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Try a new shape for your cropped images.

While photos and images are usually digitally saved as rectangles, image formats that support transparency allow you to crop in unique ways. In Photoshop, the standard Crop tool is useful for quickly cutting down a rectangular image. Cropping into a circle takes just a few more steps.

Photo editing with circle crops.

Creating a circle crop allows you to cut out unnecessary pixels to refocus your composition and catch the viewer’s eye. Whatever you plan to do with your image, saving with a transparent background gives you flexibility for later use. Portraits cropped into circle shapes are perfect for social media profiles and business cards, and circular images of colors and patterns can be used as stylistic design elements.

Step-by-step instructions for circle-cropping an image.

Open your image in Photoshop.

Convert your background image into an editable layer by double-clicking your Background in the Layers panel, or choose Layer › New › Layer from Background.

Select the Elliptical Marquee tool and draw a perfect circle by holding the shift key and dragging your shape into place.

Position your circle where you want it over the image.

Under the Select menu, click Inverse to deselect the area inside the circle and select everything outside the circle.

Click Delete to get rid of the rest of your image.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Go to the Select menu and choose Deselect to remove the selection outline, then use the regular Crop tool to delete the extra pixels around your circle-cropped image.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Save as a PNG or another image file type that supports transparency. Don’t save as a JPG, as this file format will convert your transparent background into solid white.

Dive into other cropping tutorials.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Explore simple square cropping.
Learn the basics with this simple how-to for quickly cropping a square image. The Crop tool is non-destructive, meaning you can choose to save the cropped pixels, and edit or crop your image again later. You can also learn how to remove the edges of a photo permanently.

Straighten and crop an image.
Sometimes the framing on a photo isn’t perfect before you begin editing. Check out this tutorial for straightening an image using content-aware technology. This tool intelligently fills in the gaps when you expand your canvas beyond the image’s original size.

Create more circular art.
If you want to create circular art to go with your circle crop, take a look at this intriguing step-by-step guide from artist Amr Elshamy. See how he used the Polar Coordinates distortion filter in Photoshop to turn a beautiful photo of a mountain range into something completely new.

Once you’ve mastered the circle crop in Photoshop, you can easily use your new image in any project you have underway across Adobe Creative Cloud apps. Explore what’s beyond the cropped circle, as well, and use these methods to crop your images into other shapes.

How do you draw a circle using HTML5 and CSS3?

Is it also possible to put text inside?

19 Answers 19

You can’t draw a circle per se. But you can make something identical to a circle.

You’d have to create a rectangle with rounded corners (via border-radius ) that are one-half the width/height of the circle you want to make.

It is quite possible in HTML 5. Your options are: Embedded SVG and tag.

To draw circle in embedded SVG:

There are a few unicode circles you could use:

You can overlay text on the circles if you want to:

You could also use a custom font (like this one) if you want to have a higher chance of it looking the same on different systems since not all computers/browsers have the same fonts installed.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

border-radius:50% if you want the circle to adjust to whatever dimensions the container gets (e.g. if the text is variable length)

Don’t forget the -moz- and -webkit- prefixes! (prefixing no longer needed)

As of 2015, you can make it and center the text with as few as 15 lines of CSS (Fiddle):

Without any -webkit- s, this works on IE11, Firefox, Chrome and Opera, and it is valid HTML5 (experimental) and CSS3.

Same on MS Edge (2020).

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

border-radius: 50%; will turn all elements into a circle, regardless of size. At least, as long as the height and width of the target are the same, otherwise it will turn into an oval.

Alternatively, you can use clip-path: circle(); to turn an element into a circle as well. Even if the element has a greater width than height (or the other way around), it will still become a circle, and not an oval.

You can place text inside of the circle, simply by writing the text inside of the tags of the target,
like so:

If you want to center text in the circle, you can do the following:

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

You can use the border-radius attribute to give it a border-radius equivalent to the element’s border-radius. For example:

(The reason for using the -moz and -webkit extensions is to support pre-CSS3-final versions of Gecko and Webkit.)

There are more examples on this page. As far as inserting text, you can do it but you have to be mindful of the positioning, as most browsers’ box padding model still uses the outer square.

There is not technically a way to draw a circle with HTML (there isn’t a HTML tag), but a circle can be drawn.

The best way to draw one is to add border-radius: 50% to a tag such as div . Here’s an example:

You can use border-radius property, or make a div with fixed height and width and a background with png circle.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The followings are my 9 solutions. Feel free to insert text into the divs or svg elements.

  1. border-radius
  2. clip-path
  3. html entity
  4. pseudo element
  5. radial-gradient
  6. svg circle & path
  7. canvas arc()
  8. img tag
  9. pre tag

Simply do the following in the script tags:

F5 or E

To draw a circle or ellipse, click and drag the mouse diagonally, using the same motion as when dragging a selection box. The circle will appear immediately after you release the mouse button. To draw a perfect circle, hold down the Ctrl key while you drag the mouse. Holding Shift will start drawing from the center of the shape.

The Ellipse tool also allows you to draw arcs and circle segments (or “pie wedges”). To draw an arc, grab the round handle and drag it, always keeping the mouse pointer on the inside of the (imaginary) circle.

To draw a segment (“pie wedge”), drag the round handle, always keeping the mouse pointer on the outside of the (imaginary) circle.

After the first drag, you’ll see a second round handle appear. You can set a specific angle for these shapes on the control bar, using the Start and End fields. Note that the three buttons to the right of those fields do not become activated until after you have dragged the circle handles.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

Dragging the square handles converts a circle into an ellipse.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The round handles convert the shape into an arc or segment (“pie wedge”), depending on the position of the mouse (inside or outside the imaginary circle) as you drag the handle.

How to create a perfect circle without tracing

The Start and End fields, on the tool controls bar indicate the angles between which the pie or arc extends.

To quickly restore the circle/ellipse shape, click the far right icon in the tool controls bar: .

To convert an ellipse into a perfect circle, click on one of the square handles while pressing Ctrl . The top and left square handles change the size of the ellipse in vertical and horizontal direction, respectively.

To create a circle with a specific size, you can use the fields for the horizontal and vertical radius Rx and Ry in the tool controls bar.